Oversleeping: Causes, Side Effects & Tips

Oversleeping: Causes, Side Effects & Tips

Sleep is an essential factor for overall health and well-being feelings. How much is actually oversleeping, what does the science say about it, and what are the ways of returning to normal life? The article includes the complete review of the most compelling issues of the day.

Who does not like sleeping? We all do. But what if oversleeping becomes a regular tendency, and getting out of bed and going about your day appear to be a massive problem?

Long sleepers have first-hand knowledge of complete exhaustion, absence of attention, low energy, and memory disorders. These symptoms start to have a quite negative effect on their lives over time.

In order to feel well, a person needs 8 hours of night rest, which is one third of a day and, speaking generally, one third of a life. Today we will speak about the effects which occur when this period is exceeded and the ways of overcoming this problem.

How Much Sleep Is Oversleeping?

The amount of sleep is a generic term which is quite individual and highly depends on age, health, environmental conditions, and other factors. But the average norms still exist. A sleep deficit leads to mental and physical fatigue and is as harmful as excessive sleepiness. Oversleeping is often a signal of various medical issues and health risks.

How much sleep is oversleeping? The table below represents the recommended sleep duration according to the data of National Sleep Foundation.


Recommended, hoursAppropriate, hours

Not recommended, hours

Newborns (0-3 months)14-1711-19< 11


Infants (4-11 months)12-1510-18


> 18

Toddlers (1-2 y.o.)11-149-16< 9

> 16

Preschoolers (3-5 y.o.)10-138-14

< 8

> 14

School-aged children (6-13 y.o.)9-117-12< 7

> 12

Teenagers (14-17 y.o.)8-107-11



Young adults (18-25 y.o.)7-96-11<6


Adults (26-64 y.o.)7-96-10



Seniors (≥65 y.o.)7-85-9



‘Recommended hours’ is the time which is associated with well-being and good health for people of the particular age group. Minor deviations may be appropriate for some individuals. Not recommended hours are not likely conductive for proper rest.

The ideal amount of sleep can be determined individually. Try to experiment on the weekend: go to bed earlier than usual and wake up without an alarm clock. This simple test will help to figure out how many hours your organism needs for rest. Try to keep a sleep diary, recording all sleep-related events and the period of sleep. Resting the same amount every night (in the range of recommended hours) will help you to keep fit, wake up relaxed, and be balanced and fulfilled with energy.

Regular oversleeping is a symptom of medical issues that has serious and negative effects for health. Try to figure out the reasons for the change in ordinary sleep habits and visit a somnologist.
Oversleeping: Causes, Side Effects & Tips

How Is Oversleeping Diagnosed?

Those who constantly feel drowsy during the day should visit a doctor and be checked for hypersomnia or hypersomnolence, the medical definition for oversleeping. It can result from a range of factors: central nervous system injuries, simple over-the-counter remedies, alcohol abuse, depression, and many more.

According to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, hypersomnolence includes narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, Kleine-Levin syndrome, insufficient sleep syndrome, and hypersomnia due to medical condition, substance, or associated with a psychiatric state.

AnxietyThe first signs of oversleeping are:

  • apathy;
  • irritancy;
  • anxiety;
  • bad appetite;
  • slow thinking;
  • slurred speech;
  • forgetfulness;
  • restlessness.

To diagnose this disorder a clinician should review the symptoms and the person’s records of medical history. Additional tests can significantly help to clarify the diagnosis. These are:

  1. Sleep diary (mentioned above).
  2. Epworth Sleepiness Scale. A very short questionnaire that measures daytime sleepiness and helps to determine the severity of the condition.
  3. Multiple sleep latency test. This method implies monitored naps or night rest in a sleep laboratory. It checks how quickly a patient falls asleep and the progress of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
  4. Wakefulness test. This method helps to determine a patient’s concentration, ability to operate heavy equipment, or the efficacy of certain medical preparations.
  5. Polysomnogram. Night sleep control that examines brain waves, the oxygen level in blood, heartbeat, breathing, and eye and leg movements.

Oversleeping can be a result of physical health disorders. More tests will help to find the root cause:

  • blood tests;
  • computer tomography or magnetic resonance imaging;
  • electroencephalogram.

Excessive daytime sleepiness is a widespread disorder nowadays that has numerous reasons and many therapy options. Timely detection of hypersomnia will help to overcome this disorder successfully and exclude the further development of various physical and mental ailments.

Causes of Oversleeping

OversleepingScientists say that long sleeping is not harmful itself, but it is a signal that a person may be sleeping ineffectively or that another problem exists that steals the person’s energy.

Feeling tired for a prolonged period after an adequate night rest’s is weird. There are numerous causes that lead to excessive sleepiness. Among them are:

  1. Environmental conditions. Sleeping in a room with a temperature too hot or too cold is uncomfortable. Oversleeping or waking up periodically is the natural response of an organism. An inconvenient bed brings more discomfort and decreases the quality of rest.
  2. Habits. Caffeinated drinks in big amounts affect regular regime and inhibit the production of adenosine (a chemical that works to create sleepiness) in the organism. An exhausted body with a sleep debt responds by oversleeping subsequently.
  3. Medical reasons. Long sleeping may be a symptom of numerous ailments, such as diabetes, heart problems, thyroid issues, depression, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
  4. Stress. When a person lives under constant stress, the levels of adrenaline rise up, increasing heart rate, restlessness, and inability to achieve a normal resting state that is required for deep sleep and restoring the energy level.
  5. Alcohol. Those who drink a few alcoholic beverages before sleeping tend to sleep longer. Alcohol impacts the sleep cycles and prevents renewal of the organism for the next day.
  6. Medications’ side effects. Certain prescription or over-the-counter drugs used to treat another disorder may make a person feel dizzy and sleepy all the time.
  7. Recreational drugs. The pleasurable effects are short-lived, but the devastating consequences are not. For instance, cocaine can have a long-term impact on sleep, disrupting circadian rhythms and suppressing crucial REM-sleep in the long term. Cocaine withdrawal may cause oversleeping, too.
  8. Hard workout. Heavy training makes a person exhausted. A physically or mentally active organism creates more adenosine. Post-workout sleep and food is highly suggested.

Thus, the factors which affect sleep cycles are numerous. Analyzing the living style will certainly help in detecting the underlying reason for hypersomnia.

Poor Sleep Schedule

Products containing caffeineA poor sleep schedule is usually created by a number of wrong sleeping habits. If unchanged, inadequate sleep hygiene will degenerate into physical side effects and multiple sleep problems which significantly alter general well-being.

Here is the list of unhealthy sleep habits:

  1. Eating right before bed. Night meals get the stomach acids going, and lying down causes those acids to creep up to the throat. Those who really crave for a late night snack should eat foods rich in minerals, as they promote sleep.
  2. Drinking coffee and smoking. Taken within 3 hours of bedtime, caffeine and nicotine prevent falling asleep. Remember that many other products contain caffeine, too (cola, soda, chocolate, etc.).
  3. Alcohol before bedtime. Some people mistakenly believe that the drowsy effect of alcohol helps a person to fall asleep quicker. Metabolized alcohol affects the sleep cycle and causes nausea.
  4. Using high tech gadgets in bed. TVs, computers, laptops, cell phones, tablets, portable game consoles, and e-readers emit the blue light that steals sleep.
  5. Hitting the snooze button. Keeping communication devices next to yourself and using them as alarm clocks creates a disturbing feeling at night and allows you to hit the snooze button over and over in the morning.
  6. Wrong room temperature. Air that is too hot or too cold prevents you from having a good rest.
  7. Sleep schedule violation. Staying up late and taking naps harm the sleep cycles.

The effects of poor sleep hygiene become visible in many ways during daily life and result in fatigue, overall weakness, depleted motivation, lack of strategy, mood swings, poor decisions, forgetfulness, concentration difficulties, and headache.

Sleep Habits

Daily and evening activities have a major impact on the night’s rest, promoting or reducing sleepiness. Food and drinks, medical preparations, and the daily routine are directly related to the quality of sleep. Healthy sleep habits can help to solve difficultly sleeping, reduce oversleeping, and normalize general well-being. Try to follow these simple steps:

  1. Avoid the wrong sleep habits described above.
  2. Do sports and eat healthy food without alcohol.
  3. Start keeping a sleep journal. Discover a personally ideal sleep time, update the journal with notes on the total period of sleep and its quality, amount of active time, taken meals, used drugs, and other important issues.
  4. Make a schedule: always wake up and go to bed at the same time, including on weekends and vacations. The night rest must contain the number of hours which are necessary for your rest.
  5. Avoid naps after 3 p.m. Naps in the mid-afternoon should not last longer than half an hour.
  6. Go to bed when you are truly tired. If your attempt to fall asleep failed after 15-20 minutes, get out of bed and do relaxing activities (reading, listening to music) until you feel drowsy.
  7. Turn off all electronic devices for at least half an hour before sleep.
  8. Put your alarm clock far away, and that will prevent you from hitting the snooze button. Use a light alarm clock («sunrise clocks»).
  9. Make your morning positive, and manage your day according to the schedule.
  10. Do relaxing and interesting activities in the evening: quiet conversation with a partner, warm bath, reading a book, etc. Avoid computer games and news, as due to their effects brain remains active.
  11. Keep your bedroom dark, cool, and quiet, and use it for rest only. Using a sleep mask to cover the eyes will help you to fall asleep in time.

A healthy lifestyle and a correct day plan normalize the sleep schedule and give enough energy for the new day.

Mental Health

InsomniaWhile the majority of patients with depressive states report insomnia, approximately 15% tend to hypersomnia. Sleep debt and long sleeping are both the symptoms or the underlying causes of numerous mental problems such as depression, manic-depressive illness, ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia.

A regular sleep cycle regulates the proper functioning of the nervous system. Famous sayings «The best advice is found on the pillow» or «Consult that with the pillow», and «Sleep on it» are in place for a good reason. Resting positively impacts our cognitive processes and ability to manage our own emotions, indeed because sleep and mood are closely related.

Why are you more tired when you oversleep? Somnologists say that the groggy feeling after exceeding the sleeping norms may be caused by waking up from a later sleep cycle. There are five stages of sleep. The first and second ones are the easiest to wake up from, REM is comparatively more difficult, and the third and fourth stages are the hardest. Those who sleep more hours usually wake up exactly in the two last ones and experience a «sleep hangover».

For the same reasons, short naps are better for renewing the energy level than longer naps. Waking up in later sleep cycle makes a person feel more tired than rested. That is why the preferred nap time is bordered by 30 minutes. Even when a person is deadly tired, the time for a nap should be limited. Any significant deviation from normal sleep patterns can upset the body’s rhythms and increase daytime fatigue.

A proper amount of rest is as important for mental health as mental health is for proper rest. This connection is mutually involved and vital. It’s no coincidence that the majority of people who have mental disorders also suffer from sleeping problems, and vice versa — having a sleep-related problem can put you on the edge and seriously unravel your mental and emotional well-being. Scientists have been conducting research and trying to figure out how exactly it all connects.

Physical Illnesses

DiabetesScientists are certain that individuals who exceed daily sleeping norms generally have worse health. Approximately 30% of adults in the US belong to the «long sleepers» group, and these are primarily seniors. It’s not yet fully understood if oversleeping is a sign of a disease or if it can make a person sick. The preponderating opinion is that long sleep is an indicator for underlying illnesses.

Oversleeping is as damaging as sleep deprivation. What happens when you oversleep? Here are several problems that chronic long sleepers might face:

  1. The risks of heart diseases, stroke, and early deaths. People with sleep disorders are more at risk for development of angina and ischemic heart disease.
  2. Weight gain. Hypersomnolence itself does not necessarily cause weight gain, but in combination with other physical illnesses it may lead to this result.
  3. Diabetes developing. People with sleep disorders are more vulnerable to the development of the pre-diabetic state of hyperglycemia (impaired glucose intolerance).
  4. Problems with brain functioning. The irregularities in the body’s sleep clock disrupt the important processes in the brain.
  5. Increased inflammation processes. Inflammation in the organism is determined by the c-reactive protein level. According to scientific data, it is significantly higher in oversleepers.
  6. Enhanced pain. Back pain and headaches worsen from an activity deficit and lying down most of the time.
  7. Fertility problems. Moderate-sleeping females have higher pregnancy rates. Obviously due to hormonal changes and circadian rhythm affection, long-sleeping females have lower pregnancy rates.

Thusly, long sleeping might be indicative of certain problems. Healthy people usually need less rest while unhealthy ones tend to need more due to known or undiagnosed illnesses. Sleep science researchers continue exploring the causes, effects, and relationships between hypersomnia and health.

Side Effects of Oversleeping

Endocrine systemOversleepers may experience numerous side effects because their organisms struggle to sync up with the right time. The main reason for the most negative health changes during oversleeping is an interrupted circadian rhythm.

Human’s biological rhythms are in motion daily; it is a natural way of organism’s adaptation. All physiological and biological processes are managed within a 24-hour circadian clock. Circadian rhythms allow organisms to anticipate, rather than react to, daily changes in the external environment and to synchronize the behavioral and physiological activities to predictable environmental changes in order to optimize energy utilization, reproduction, and survival. These cycles are affected by light and energy contribution; thusly, resting, awakening, and the time and type of consumed food directly impact this tedious circle.

Disruptions can drastically change the system and, subsequently, the body’s reactions, impairing the natural processes. Since the endocrine system of the body responds to the hormones releasing and operates in biological rhythm, the metabolic disorders explode when the circadian rhythm is disrupted.

Biological rhythms can be affected by numerous factors, including oversleeping. This does not mean that every cell is on the same clock, but each one takes part in coordinating the metabolic processes in the cycle. Some cellular processes occur at different times; therefore, the body must optimize energy levels for sleep and wake cycles and dispart the energy for periods of activity and inactivity.

It is scientifically proven that internal clock disruption leads to metabolic imbalance. Setting and maintaining a steady circadian rhythm are vital for healthy metabolic processes in the organism and general well-being.

Physical Effects

Immune systemThe internal clock is directly related to cell regeneration, which is vital for immunity, hormonal production, and proper work of all organs.

Sleep and the circadian system are strong regulators of immunological processes. The basis of this influence is a bidirectional cooperation between the central nervous and the immune system which is mediated by transported signals (neurotransmitters, hormones, and cytokines) and direct innervation of the immune system by the autonomic nervous system.

Upsetting the whole system makes an organism to play catch up. It provokes a chronic low-grade inflammation and produces an immunodeficiency, which both have detrimental effects on health.

In combination with other dangers (alcohol consumption, poor ration, inertness, smoking, sitting position more than 7 hours), regular oversleeping increases the risk of death.

Oversleeping can cause fluid to accumulate around the face, bringing about those unsightly under-eye bags, and signs of aging, like wrinkles and fine lines.

Psychological Effects

Brain fog

Oversleeping often causes a groggy feeling (sometimes called «sleep drunkenness»). The fuzzy-headed condition between full-on sleep and alert wakefulness is characterized by slow cognitive functioning, headaches, and brain fog.

The mood of a person who woke up at midday cannot be good due to understanding that morning plans have failed. Tiredness and anger complement the impartial picture. A person feels deadly tired and realizes that tomorrow more rest is needed. It is a vicious circle which inevitably leads to depression. The only one was out is controlling this nasty habit.

American researchers found that people who exceeded the sleep norms are increasingly at risk to develop Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia over the next 10 years.

How to Not Oversleep – Tips for Better Sleep

Tips for better sleepMost people find it hard to wake up in the morning. Here are several useful and really working tips how to not oversleep and do the important things you need to during the day:

  1. Follow a sleep schedule. The organism is an accurate mechanism, especially when it comes to regime. We simply get used to doing the same thing at the exact same time. Getting up and going to sleep at the same time will make your organism wake up even without an alarm clock.
  2. Keep in mind that one sleep cycle lasts about 90 minutes. That will help you to plan the amount of sleep and wake up before the next sleep phase starts. Waking up in the middle of a cycle may cause drowsiness in the morning.
  3. Regulate light and darkness. Light is a signal for waking up. It prevents the production of the sleep hormone, melatonin, setting up an alert mode in the organism. Darkness, on the other hand, promotes a sleepy condition. When you go to bed, turn off all sources of light. In the morning, open the curtains, use a light box, and go outside.
  4. Do morning exercises. These give energy for the new day. Sport training is not suggested in the 3 hours before bedtime, as it excites the organism and complicates falling asleep.
  5. Read a book when you go to bed. Reading is useful not only for children, but it improves sleeping in adults, too, by clearing the mind and providing more rest.
  6. Reduce naps during the day. They disrupt the night sleep schedule and complicate the falling asleep process. If a nap is unavoidable, limit it to 20 minutes.
  7. Control temperature in the bedroom. 18 °C is the perfect temperature for a good night rest. When a person is tired, the body temperature drops, then climbs again in the morning when it’s time to get up. A safe room temperature is especially important during the hot summer period.

As soon as these simple steps become your usual daily routine, problems with falling asleep will disappear. Falling asleep will turn into pleasurable ritual and a night’s sleep will become the time for the body’s regeneration.

Change the Way You Feel About Sleep

Oversleeping, along with other markers such as angriness, irritancy, or physical pain without underlying cause, are each a sign of depression. This mental disorder also includes loneliness, lack of social support, and stressful life experiences. Negative thoughts can impact a lot more than just how we present ourselves during the daytime. For this reason, some people suffer from insomnia while others oversleep.

Hypnotherapists say that the human brain is programmed at childhood and further development in adulthood simply does not happen. «A born worrier» accepts the belief that there is nothing that can be done to change the programming in the brain. Negative thoughts can cause stress, complicating sleep and carrying over throughout the day.

Positive thinkingBeing aware of what is happening and clearly realizing the thoughts are the keys in detecting subconscious negative sleep thought patterns.

The subconscious mind is a powerful thing. Oversleepers may often have the following types of thoughts:

  • “I am weak to struggle with oversleeping”;
  • “I can not perform well the new day tasks”;
  • “I differ from other people for the worse”.

To overcome negative sleep thoughts, controlling your thinking is necessary. An inability to correct your schedule and possible related problems should not be assumed as a fact. Self-persuasion to throw bad thoughts out of your mind will not bring results, either. Self-analysis, keeping the mind and body active and positive can be helpful.

Nobody is born worrying, as we are born in positive frames of mind. Neuroscience has found that any person can rewire his own brain and does not need to stay stuck in the negative mindset. It is directly related to sleep. When the bad thoughts pop up, try behavioral exercises to take the negative power away. Encourage yourself that sleep is a pleasant but limited period for restoring strengths and making your future day.

Create Your Day Plan

A person who has too much time and not enough to do in it hardly exists. Most people start a day without consideration, thinking they are going to get all their things done. Creating a strategy or a simple «to do list» is vital for a successful and productive day.

A day plan does not take much time. Spend just a few minutes to create your day schedule and see the benefits. Here are a few helpful tips:

  1. Start your day by deciding which goals you can accomplish today. Thinking realistically without overloading yourself will bring satisfaction, a feeling of being productive and successful at the end of a day. Do the hardest and most important tasks in the morning. Determine exactly when and where you are going to do each particular task. If it is not important, cross it off your plan.
  2. Set your device to ring every hour. After the signal, look at the list and compare if your real productivity matches your plan. Recommit further tasks and time if needed. The most important thing is to realize that you manage hours, not the hours manage you.
  3. Review your day in the evening and estimate the results, making preliminary outlines for tomorrow. In case, you have not done all planned tasks, do not be upset, but analyze instead: where did you get distracted and what can you do to be more productive tomorrow.

As soon as creating daily plan becomes your daily ritual, the positive outcomes will come shortly. Working wisely, consistently, and deliberately toward the goals, and doing the same things daily is a simple and effective way to streamline your life. Oversleeping will be defeated for no other reason than the fact that living a rich and fulfilling life is more interesting.

Make a Strong Sleep Schedule

Plan for the dayConsistency is the most important issue in sleep hygiene. This means going to bed and waking up at the same time in order to receive a sufficient amount of rest, reducing sleep deprivation and sleep deficits. This routine regularizes our life and warns us of the stress consequences. Setting a regular bedtime and following it daily are extra important for sufficient rest. Here are a few useful recommendations:

  • contemplate your morning tasks: what needs to be done and how much time does it take;
  • determine the wake time that allows doing morning tasks without haste (usually it takes less than an hour);
  • count back 7-8 hours from waking time, that is your rest period;
  • add one more hour for preparing to sleep.

Make a Strong Sleep Schedule

Allow yourself time to get used to and feel comfortable with this schedule. Possibly, it may take some time to adapt to it. Stay patient, and it will become very easy after a while and will feel absolutely natural. Reinforcing the work of biological clocks will help to correct the circadian rhythm and keep sleep and wakefulness balanced.

Most people assume weekends to be for complete relaxation. Ignoring your sleep schedule even for two days off unsettles you, crashing the results which were achieved during the working week and making it harder to reach them again. Slight changes (less than an hour) are not a big problem, but a weekend sleep schedule that significantly differs from the working week one is not recommended.

All this information may seem difficult to perform at first sight, but as soon as you give a try, you will be surprised how quickly and easily the new sleep schedule will become an integral part of your life.

Optimize Your Wake Up Habits

MeditateChecking the weather forecast, your email, and social media is the worst morning habit. Optimizing wake up habits is a clue to a successful and productive day. How to feel better in the morning? Try the very simple plan offered below and see the difference:

  1. Wake up as early as possible but not to the detriment of the sleep schedule.
  2. Meditation. It is a perfect way to transition from the sleep phase into wakefulness.
  3. Fill in your sleep journal.
  4. Be positive; a good mood is a clue factor for a successful day;
  5. Drinking water helps to prevent dehydration, enhances metabolism, eliminates the toxins, and boosts the brain work. Adding a few drops of lemon juice into the water helps to flush out the toxins.
  6. Drink hot energy drinks. Green tea is better than coffee and also includes caffeine.
  7. Have a healthy breakfast before your morning exercises. That will prevent weakness during training and hunger feelings afterwards. A glass of fresh juice or a piece of fruit can optimally benefit the nutrients. Do not delay too much with having breakfast. The longer you wait, the bigger meal you will eat later. Have breakfast with your family, as it will positively impact your health, family relationship, connections, and communication throughout the day.
  8. Go outside, enjoy breathing the fresh morning air, and keep a positive outlook.
  9. Have a morning walk and exercise at least 20 minutes.
  10. Have a shower. Cleaning helps to decrease stress.
  11. Make a to do list and move forward to your success.
  12. Music perfectly cheers you up. Turn on U2’s song «Beautiful Day», for instance.
  13. Get dressed and look stylish. Appearance also requires time in the morning but the result will inspire you to have a great day.

Do your best to spend no more than an hour on all of these morning things.

Your personal morning plan may differ from the one offered above according to your personal preferences, but it should be a complex of things that will definitely wake you up, raise your mood, and inspire you for wonderful achievements. It is possible to start adding healthy habits one by one progressively, working on it for 6-8 weeks until they become automatic.

Get Motivation to Stop Oversleeping

MotivationReading numerous recommendations, using a million must-do applications, and promoting yourself as being more productive might be useless, which is all because of laziness.

Many people consider themselves lazy because relaxing takes a lot of their time, and they do not have enough energy to finish the projects that have been on their agendas. To cure laziness, it is necessary to detect its real cause. These may include:

  1. Lack of self-discipline. If your schedule is tight but there remain many things undone, you may need a willpower booster.
  2. High expectations. These happen when a person wants to do everything at once. Overloading yourself leads to failed plans and feelings of being weak or incapable of finishing the started project. A person should slow down, analyze his own capacity in more realistic way, and replan the day schedule.
  3. Lack of motivation. When a person spends more time on leisure activities while the day schedule is almost empty, it means that motivation is not enough. The problems may range from not knowing what to do with life to depression.

Depending on the cause, the struggle with laziness may vary. A person should detect the exact reason of weakness and choose a plan to correct the situation.

Unfortunately, one of the most common reasons for laziness is loathing a job. This mindset may have a drastic effect on how much is done. The best solution is analyzing what a person really wants to do in life. As the wise saying goes, choose the job you love and you will never have to work a day in your life. A «soul mate» job is usually enjoyable and rewarding. If you regularly contact people who hate their job, limit your interaction with them as cynical attitudes are not beneficial for your own productivity.

Try to write a list of benefits for doing your work and estimate them. No one can make you love the work. If you feel miserable about it, counter your own thoughts and think about changing the job. The challenge may bring new emotions and an unexpected upturn in productivity, success, and emotional state subsequently.

Reduce Sleep Time Gradually

Decrease in sleep timeHow to stop oversleeping? Sticking to the new schedule may be uneasy at the beginning. To facilitate this task, gradually reduce sleep by 5-10 minutes for several days (you can go to bed later or wake up earlier). As soon as you get used to it, reduce the sleep further by half an hour, then an hour within a couple of weeks. It is a useful and working method to decrease the period of rest without heavy stress for the organism.

It is highly likely that long sleepers may experience fatigue during the first few weeks of a new schedule. Keep calm. The organism should adapt to less sleep. Eating healthy foods and exercising can help to overcome weakness and additionally make the night rest better.

When decreasing the sleep hours, remember the recommended hours which are vital for every human to function well (this is not less than 6 hours). Micro-sleeping leads to sleep debts and is risky for your health. Sleep deprivations cause severe weaknesses and reduce the ability to remain productive during the day. Zombifying and forcing yourself to adapt to a new schedule in the shortest terms is strictly prohibited.

The Harvard Business Review suggests that early risers who wake up at 4-5 A.M. tend to be more active and successful at work. Controlling the morning without haste gives an opportunity for doing many pleasurable activities which inspire for a good day (meditation, running, shower, etc.). In contrast to this, waking up at the last minute means no control, stress, and rush. Subsequently, the rest of the day will have the same style. Larks have more willpower to apply to all areas of life.

On the principle of gradual sleep time reducing, the waking time for larks should be slowly (15 minutes a week) moved forward, as it will allow adapting to the new waking time. If you really decide to be an early riser, do not mess up the schedule for at least 28 days. Sleeping past your alarm clock makes it harder to wake up on time the next morning which weakens the habit you are trying to create.

Boost Your Physical and Mental Energy

Staying alive is pretty difficult when the responsibilities in a present day are overwhelming. Most of us are energetic periodically, and the duties and stressful factors take away a lot of energy, leaving a person completely exhausted. This is not only about calories and joules, a person just wants to feel good.

Mental energyThere are numerous activities that help to conserve energy, making a tremendous effect on its levels without supplements, crazy training, or exotic diets. Healthy eating, drinking a lot of water, sticking to the evening and morning schedule, and exercising are doubtlessly beneficial, but experienced practitioners suggest more rituals for boosting physical and mental energy:

  1. Become self-aware. Notice how irritating daily events potentially affect you. Detecting the draining factors helps to control your energy levels.
  2. Meditate. Stress depletes the energy, and meditation restores it, by calming the mind down, to a controllable state. Sessions twice a day provide significant relief. Sessions of longer durations (30-45 minutes) are more effective than short ones (10-15 minutes).
  3. Repress strong emotions. Fear, anger, sadness, and other strong emotions have a powerful energy that make people spin out of control. We cannot avoid these feelings completely, but becoming more mindful can stop them when they start. Practicing mindfulness and having a high tolerance for stress is beneficial for good feelings and relations with relatives and colleagues.
  4. Cultivate understanding and give compassion to strangers. Little annoyances should not affect your mental and physical health. Someone might have cut you off on the freeway unintentionally, but do not consider everyone as an enemy.
  5. Take a minute to stop for a while. Working in panic mode drains you mentally, leads to headaches and short breath, and steals physical energy. Allowing yourself some breaks prevents physical and mental exhaustion. Remain peaceful and enjoy your life in any situation.

These recommendations are useful for everyone who works a lot, has a lot of responsibilities, and wants to control his own life. The reasonable use of daily energy given by nature can make wonderful changes in the quality of life. Efficient energy usage makes all the difference in day-to-day life, not only in work productivity, but also in maintaining peaceful conditions and enjoying life.

How Can I Treat Oversleeping?

Medical consultationAll methods described above have obvious disadvantages: they all require strict discipline and may appear ineffective eventually. If you have already lost hope and do not know how to deal with oversleeping, try medications. Modafinil (Provigil) is an analeptic drug which is used for the treatment of oversleeping related to narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and other sleep disorders which effectively improve wakefulness. It has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of sleep disorders.

Originally designed in 1976, modafinil has been tailored to cut off excessive sleep by altering certain neurotransmitters, increasing the availability of dopamine, histamine, serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Modafinil is effective for correcting the shift duties at work, as well as enhancing memory, motivation, and the ability to focus. Effects can vary greatly in accordance with a taken dosage. The drug got the name «smart» because it can also treat fatigue and lack of sleep. It is widely used in the British and American military to keep soldiers awake and functioning at high levels for up to 40 hours at a time.

The supplement provides a much cleaner energy boost than caffeine and amphetamine-type stimulants. Unlike stimulants that target the nervous system and increase psychomotor activity, modafinil possesses a much smoother action, targeting only neurotransmitters and the receptors in the brain. As a result, focus and concentration are reached without physical and mental hyperactivity that may appear after using other stimulants.

Modafinil is a prescription drug which requires a medical recommendation. From our online chemists, you can purchase modafinil and other «smart drugs» without a medication order. Find out about its uses, effects, benefits, and side effects in the products catalog. Before starting the treatment course, receive a proper medical consultation, and discuss with a doctor the side effects and their severity.

Save yourself from oversleeping with nootropics!

Narcolepsy Treatments

Narcolepsy Treatments

Narcolepsy is a disease that most of us have heard of but very few fully understand. It is one of the worst sleep-related diseases out there and it is relatively rare. Fortunately, there is a number of narcolepsy treatments available on the market.

What Is Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a disease that affects the central nervous system and causes the sufferer to fall asleep easily when the relaxed.

One may have several periods throughout the day where sleepiness is irresistible and they may end up asleep for as much as several minutes.

For some severe cases, naps may occur during day to day activities including mid conversation or in the middle of driving. For this reason, narcoleptics tend to avoid driving or operating heavy machinery.

Narcolepsy treatments


Doctors will diagnose narcolepsy with a combination of symptoms and tests. These are the signs that you should look out for:

  • sudden loss of muscle control;
  • vivid hallucinations;
  • frequest sleep paralysis upon awakening;
  • intense wakefulness in the middle of the night;
  • rem sleep is triggered quickly after falling asleep.

Drugs for Narcolepsy Treatment

Doctors may decide to attack the disease from different angles with a variety of medications within their prescribed narcolepsy medicines. Since narcolepsy tends to be triggered in moments of relaxation, drugs that stimulate the central nervous system may be quite useful.


Since some may not find their cure with standard drugs, they may turn to a holistic treatment. Herbs can be a very powerful medication that is much cheaper than prescription drugs. Some may even find their symptoms relieved by medical marijuana.


Adderall a very powerful amphetamine that increases concentration greatly. This sort of stimulant is very helpful to prevent users from dosing off during important tasks. This drug shows the most amount of positive response from patients but it can have some harsh side effects. Since the drug is highly addictive, you should follow the dosage guidelines strictly.


Provigil is designed to reduce overall sleepiness by altering the chemicals in the brain. Some patients have mixed results with this medication as dosages must be planned carefully. Some may find it to be underwhelming in comparison to Adderall, although it is a better alternative for those who cannot tolerate amphetamines.


Ritalin is effective for increasing the alertness and concentration of narcoleptics so that they do not fall asleep so easily.


Since it is a stimulant, some users may have trouble falling asleep at night due to the intensity of the drug. Ritalin is very effective for a lot of people in combination with other medications. But before using the tablets, consult your doctor to avoid side effects!


Vyvanse is known to be just as powerful as Adderall with fewer side effects for the health of people who suffer from narcolepsy.

A large majority of narcoleptic patients will have positive changes after using this drug. It is also desired because it does not disturb the natural sleep cycle at night time.


Nuvigil aids in keeping the patient awake by stimulating certain parts of the brain. This is one of the few medications that is marketed directly towards narcolepsy patients. The side effects are generally tolerable and certain combinations of medication mat are needed in most patients.


Dexedrine is a stimulant of the nervous system and is typically used for ADHD. Narcolepsy patients will often have a positive effect from this drug without minimal side effects. It can be one of the more expensive options on the market, though.


Xyrem depresses the central nervous system and ends up reducing sleepiness during the daytime. The side effects and drug interactions can be severe, so it is typically not used in many combinations of drugs. It may also alleviate respiratory problems during night time sleep.


This is an antidepressant that may better symptoms of narcoleptics. Mainly can help in cutting nap off during daytime tasks.

Happy manIt also increases the feel-good chemicals in the brain so that you may be more alert in the morning. The application of Wellbutrin may not work for everybody and may need to be taken with a combination of other medications.


Zoloft is one of the most popular antidepressants and it is also helpful for narcoleptics. Zoloft can increase the chemicals in the brain to increase happiness and alertness during the day, although it is not the most common treatment. The main lack is that it can cause insomnia, which can make certain symptoms worse in the morning. There are mixed reviews with the use of this drug, but it is worth trying after a visit to the doctor in charge.


Melatonin is a supplement that can easily and legally be obtained online. This supplement is actually a natural hormone that helps to restore the natural sleep cycle that may be lost for individuals with the disease. It is a very safe supplement to take and it has virtually no harmful side effects. You may also increase your body’s natural melatonin production by going to bed very early and rising before dawn.

Amphetamines for Cure Narcolepsy

Amphetamines are a very powerful class of drug that can treat a wide variety of conditions. Overall, narcoleptics will find the most amount of usefulness with amphetamines than any other class of drugs. Essentially, this makes amphetamines one of the ways to cure narcolepsy as most patients will no longer fall asleep during the day. Unfortunately, amphetamines can be highly addictive and must be given the correct dosage to avoid long-term health problems.

How to Cure Narcolepsy Naturally?

Those that are looking for a natural alternative will have a long road ahead of them, but it is still possible. Finding remedies to reduce stress, increase nighttime sleep, and increasing energy during the day should be your goal. Herbs like Gotu Kola, country mallow or Ginkgo biloba are very helpful. Regular exercise will also be able to correct your sleep cycle in order to prevent further episodes during the day.

Herbs for the treatment of narcolepsy

Homeopathic Treatment

Homeopathic doctors and naturalists go against the grain of the medical industry and administer treatments directly from nature. Typically, they will use herbs like the ones mentioned above along with multiple lifestyle changes. The changing of one’s diet may also be a major component in a prescribed holistic treatment. You should go in for a consultation with a naturalist to find out how to get rid of narcolepsy naturally.

Medical Marijuana

It may be a bit controversial, but medical marijuana can be a viable alternative treatment. The THC in marijuana is able to increase the quality of sleep and thus reducing the tendency to fall asleep during the day. It can also increase the balance of chemicals in the brain that helps a patient feel more alert during the day.

Alternative Treatment

Some of the alternative treatments mentioned above like herbal usage or supplements may be viable methods. Acupuncture is another experimental alternative treatment that may have some benefit to the sufferer of narcolepsy. Some may believe that this disease is subconscious and some people online claim to have treated their condition using hypnotherapy.

Availability Of Treatments

TreatmentNeeds PrescriptionLegal in USA
Medical MarijuanaYes (in some states)No (banned federally)

The treatments above are more or less the entirety of treatments available for the disease. Some people may feel little reaction to any of the treatments and some people may feel completely cured. You should work with your doctor when experimenting with alternative treatment methods so that you can safely fight this disease without the risk of adverse side effects. But do not forget that you can always buy the most effective medicine at a cheap price in an online pharmacy ModafinilXL. And having made an order using bitcoin you will automatically get an additional 35% discount!

Narcolepsy Definition and Causes

Narcolepsy Definition and Causes

Narcolepsy is a sleep disorder that causes drowsiness, sleep attacks, and physical collapse. Be prepared, and learn the forms, causes, side effects and dangers associated with this disease. Protect yourself and your family.

Narcolepsy has a dual origin originating from the Greek word «narke», which means numbness, and the English word epilepsy. Some may only have slight drowsiness and can function in everyday life. Those with narcolepsy are said to be more susceptible to relaxing situations, something as simple as sitting on a couch could make them fall asleep.
Some patients find relief from the use of modern medicines. Thanks to this, they feel more confident and live a full life.

Narcolepsy Definition

Narcolepsy is a sleeping disorder characterized by extreme sleepiness and drowsiness in the day. The dictionary definition for narcolepsy description it as an incurable sleeping disorder whose severity varies from person to person. Hence the word narcolepsy. Some people tend to fall asleep even when they are just slightly relaxed. Relaxation causes some narcoleptics to fall asleep suddenly. In the medical field, they call this a sleep attack. Narcolepsy can be very dangerous because approximately seventy percent of patients with narcolepsy also have cataplexy. Learn more about narcolepsy so you can recognize the signs and symptoms. Narcolepsy symptom list:

  • cataplexy;
  • excessive daytime sleepiness;
  • sleep paralysis;
  • hypnagogic hallucinations;
  • sleep and automatic behavior disruption;
  • brain damage.

Narcolepsy definition and causes

Are There Different Forms of Narcolepsy?

As with many diseases, there are different types of narcolepsy. In this case, however, it can be narrowed down to two main forms: one with cataplexy, and one without cataplexy. Narcoleptics without cataplexy are rare, and the cause is still unknown. Since they don’t experience muscle weakness, it is less dangerous and the milder of the two.

What is Cataplexy?

Cataplexy is when a strong emotion, like laughter, causes a person to lose muscle control and collapse. Meaning all of the person’s muscles, the face, arms, legs, and chest, can be affected causing delayed motion, slurred or staggered speech, and even the complete inability to move one’s body.

Strong emotion

An attack of cataplexy can look similar to passing out because they are both brought on by bouts of extreme emotion. The severity of a cataplexy attack can also vary significantly.

Sometimes it will show itself as a brief tingling feeling, numbness or weakness in the muscles. Other times it can cause a person’s entire body to collapse. It could take seconds to minutes for the person to regain control of their body.

Secondary Narcolepsy

The details of secondary narcolepsy are not widely known. This very rare type of narcolepsy can cause hallucinations, physical weakness or muscle collapse, seizure, stroke, or even result in death.

Secondary narcolepsy is the product of an extreme infection that caused irreparable damage to the hypothalamus section of the brain. In this case, the hypothalamus cannot send the correct nerve signals because the brain is too damaged to function. This misfire sends signals of sleepiness and could cause sudden sleep attacks, seizure, and even cessation of full motor control. It is always dangerous for a person with narcolepsy because they can lose muscle control and collapse at any time.

What Causes Narcolepsy?

The secret of the cause of narcolepsy was only partially revealed at the end of the 20th century. The whole fault is the structure of the brain, responsible for changing the fast and slow phase of sleep. In our brain, thousands of chemical reactions pass every second. Neurotransmitters are substances that transmit the nerve impulse from one cell to another.

The neuromediator responsible for wakefulness was called orexin. It is the lack of orexin that provokes narcolepsy.

Narcolepsy is usually hereditary. Often there will be documentation of this disorder in adults of the family. In rare instances, narcolepsy has resulted from severe trauma to the brain caused by an extreme bacterial infection which is more common in elderly and in adults.


Other reasons for the reduction of orexin include:

  • diabetes;
  • brain trauma;
  • infectious diseases of the nervous system;
  • stress disorders, exhaustion;
  • genetic predisposition.

What part of the brain does narcolepsy affect? In a human brain, the narcolepsy cause is in the hypothalamus, a large section in the forebrain. This section of the brain coordinates the autonomic nervous system. In adults, it controls many essential body functions like hunger, thirst and moderating body temperature. It is a fundamental component for our motor skills to work correctly.

What Type of Doctor Treats Narcolepsy?

Many people wonder what kind of doctor treats this disease. A neurologist is usually the doctor to help treat this disease.

Since the disorder itself is neurological, a specialist in the medical field can contribute their expertise to give you a full physical exam and rule out the possibility of secondary narcolepsy. From there they can assess the severity of the particular case, and prescribe medications to help. A lot can change with the support of a responsible neurologist. With the right treatment, a narcoleptic can relieve stress and lead a considerably normal and happy life. Narcolepsy statistical chart:

Estimated Americans with narcolepsy215,923
Rate of undiagnosed cases of narcolepsy0.06 %
Average age for start of narcolepsy15-20
Percentage of family members also with narcolepsy8-12 %
Percentage of narcoleptics with cataplexy70%
Narcoleptics with all four symptoms (cataplexy, EDS, sleep paralysis, hallucinations)10-35%
Cases reported in Canada23,902
Cases reported in the United Kingdom44,316
Cases reported in China955,035

In the online pharmacy ModafinilXL you can buy such pills as Modalert, which were designed specifically as a medicine to help people with sleep problems improve cognitive function and help maintain a healthy sleep cycle.

Definition and Types of Depression: Part 2

Definition and Types of Depression: Part 2

Did you know that 1 in 10 Americans are suffering from some form of depression? Full description of depression types: chronic (neurotic or dysthymia), functional, secondary, situational, comorbid, episodic depression and other types. When you need to see a doctor?

You may find it shocking to hear that 121 million people worldwide are suffering with some kind of depression. With so many people in crisis, it is vital that we understand the symptoms, causes and treatment methods for this serious mental illness in order to protect ourselves and others from the condition.

In this article, we’ll explore some of the lesser-known aspects of the mental illness, including the differences between chronic and episodic depression, and we’ll examine how some can suffer from depression and remain functional, while others struggle to even maintain normal speech.

Definition of Depression

For a depression definition, you can refer back to Definition and Types of Depression: Part 1. You will also be able to learn more about major depressive disorder and its sub-types, bipolar disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and facts and statistics about clinical depression.

Depression Types

There are many different varieties of depression that people can suffer from, some of which are outlined in Part 1 of this guide. In this article, we’ll outline the symptoms and causes of the following types of mental illnesses: chronic,  depression and dysthymia, episodic depression, functional and mild depression, secondary type, comorbid type, catatonic form, antenatal depression, existential type, vascular form.

Definition and Types of Depression: Part 2

Chronic, Neurotic Type or Dysthymia

Persistent Depressive DisorderDysthymia, also often referred to as persistent depressive disorder (PDD), chronic or neurotic depression, is diagnosed when an individual suffers from depression over the course of many years.

Symptoms of chronic depression tend to be very similar to that of major type, but often they are a little less severe. However, major depression can occur in chronically depressed people, in which case their symptoms become more dramatic. Sometimes an episode of major depression can occur before someone develops dysthymia.

Functional Version of Disease

When an individual suffers from mild but persistent depressed symptoms, it is known as “functional depression.” In these cases, sufferers find it possible to hold down a job and social life, but they still feel unhappy, low in energy and motivation, and experience feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness on a regular basis.

Simply because someone is functional does not mean that their illness is not severe enough for treatment. Often, functional depressed people are overlooked because sufferers simply put up with the mild symptoms under the belief that it is normal for them to feel that way.

Medication and talking therapies can be successful treatments for functional depression, which is why individuals suffering from the condition should seek medical support.

What Is Secondary Depression?

DepressionSecondary depression, sometimes called double depression, is named as such when a depressed person already has an existing disease which has led to their melancholy state.

The pre-existing condition may be a mental or physical illness, but it is often a chronic or long-term disease or disorder which is negatively impacting their daily life. In many ways, the secondary type is similar to reactive depression which we outlined in Part 1, since it occurs as a response or reaction to something else.

Although secondary depression can be treated in a similar way to major type (with medication and therapy), it is often helpful to treat the pre-existing condition first or at least find ways of better managing symptoms of the pre-existing condition. By going about treatment from this angle, it is possible to rectify the trigger of the depressive episode in order to reduce the risk of future relapses.

Comorbid Type

Comorbid depression is another term used to describe secondary type depressive episodes. Comorbidity in the medical community refers to the presence of multiple conditions at one time.

Situational Form

Situational DepressionSituational depression is an episode of very low mood and mild depressed symptoms in response to stressful or traumatic life events. Many psychology experts deem it to be an adjustment disorder and not true depression, but if left untreated it can develop into the reactive type of major depressive disorder, which we outlined in Part 1.

There are many reasons why an individual may suffer from situational depression. Individuals in midlife may experience it after being made redundant or after the loss of a loved one. In young people a depressed episode could be triggered by something like changing schools or moving to a new city. In the elderly, adjusting to the loss of a spouse or to a move into a retirement home could trigger a serious downturn in mental health.

These are just a few examples of the ways in which situational depression could come about. It is important that sufferers acknowledge the depressive symptoms they experience when undergoing a major life change or planning to start a new life, in order to seek treatment where necessary and reduce the risk of it developing into severe major depressive disorder.

Antenatal or Maternal Character of Disease

Antenatal (also known as prenatal) type refers to depressed symptoms which occur in women during pregnancy.

There are a wide range of causes for antenatal depression. First of all, the physical effects of pregnancy, such as morning sickness, lethargy and breast and back pain can take their toll on the mental wellbeing.

Secondly, changing hormone levels can trigger changes in the brain and cause biological depression. Thirdly, the emotional implications – worrying about the health of the baby, the lifestyle changes the baby will bring, the financial implications of raising a child – can put pressure on mental health and lead to increased stress, worry and anxiety.

Maternal depression, also known as postnatal type, occurs after the birth of the baby. Much like prenatal form, it can be caused by a range of biological, hormonal and emotional triggers.

Treating antenatal and postnatal depressive episodes may be difficult, as some medications may not be suitable for pregnant or breastfeeding women. However, talking therapies can be extremely effective in helping new moms and moms-to-be in overcoming the illnesses.

What Is Catatonic Form?

Catatonic DepressionCatatonic depression causes sufferers to experience “catatonia”, in which they become speechless and motionless.

Catatonia can occur as a result of various different mental illnesses, including bipolar disorder and PTSD. It is thought that it occurs due to the mental illness causing disruption to neurotransmitters.

Although most commonly catatonia results in a lack of speech and motion, sometimes it can cause sufferers to have sudden unusual movements instead. Catatonically depressed people may also find it difficult or impossible to eat or drink, feel agitated by their inability to communicate, or, when they are able to speak or move, find themselves imitating the speech and movement of those around them.

Definition of Anxious or Anxiety Depression

Depression and anxiety disorders are different conditions, but they are often understood to be the same thing because they share similar symptoms and many people can experience anxiety disorder and depressive episodes at the same time. People with both conditions are sometimes diagnosed with Mixed Anxiety-Depression Disorder (MADD).

Aside from the common symptoms of major depressive disorder (such as reduced energy, motivation and attention span, feeling bored or disinterested in pleasurable activities, deep sadness, lack of self-worth, thoughts of harming oneself), anxious depression tends to cause the following symptoms:

  • racing thoughts, irritability and sudden anger;
  • physical manifestations such as chronic pain, breathlessness, rapid heartbeat, hot flashes;
  • panic attacks;
  • insomnia;
  • problems with memory and concentration;
  • irrational and constant fear or worry.

Since anxiety disorders and depressive disorders share much of the same symptoms, depression can often be masked by anxiety and vice versa.

Suicidal Depression

Suicidal DepressionSuicidal depression usually occurs in people who have suffered with very severe symptoms of the illness, sometimes over a long period of time. Other factors, such as other mental or physical illnesses, can contribute to feelings of self-harm and suicide.

People who feel suicidal often have intense feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness, which leads to them feeling that suicide may be the only way to find relief from their state of mind. In some cases, a specific traumatic or stressful event may push someone towards suicidal thoughts or behavior in a similar way to reactive depression, which was discussed in part 1.

Individuals who feel suicidal should seek help immediately by calling emergency services or visiting a hospital. Medication and therapy are often the best long-term treatments, but the first step is to find a safe environment for the individual to attempt to prevent them causing harm to themselves.

Vascular Form

Although there is still much research to be done to fully understand the vascular form of the disease, also known as subcortical ischemic depression, it is a condition thought to most commonly affect individuals over the age of 65.

The condition is believed to be caused by lesions on the brain, which can be detected via an MRI scan. Although many of its symptoms are similar to major depressive disorder, vascular depression is distinctive because it tends to correlate with these lesions and is most common in elderly individuals whose age makes them more susceptible to vascular disease.

What Is Episodic Depression?

PhysiciansEpisodic depression refers to depressive disorder which occurs in episodes, as opposed to chronic depression or dysthymia, both of which are ongoing and can last for years.

Individuals may suffer from one or several depressive episodes in their lifetime, but if they have had multiple episodes, physicians may be interested to know more about their state of mind in between each episode to determine if they actually have a more chronic mental illness.

Existential Type

Sometimes referred to as an ‘existential crisis’, this type of depression is caused when individuals question existential topics, such as life, death or the meaning of their existence.

Since it is not possible to achieve a definitive answer to these types of philosophical questions, individuals may find themselves struggling to find their purpose or place in the world, and develop feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness as a result.

In some instances, existential depressed episodes may be triggered by a major or traumatic life event. For example, someone grieving the sudden death of a loved one may find themselves questioning life and death and this in combination with their grieving emotional state may trigger depressed symptoms.

Mild Depression

Mild DepressionMild depression is often referred to as “functional”, as discussed earlier. People who suffer from mild symptoms of the illness may not struggle to continue with their daily activities like those with moderate to severe symptoms. However, their behavior, mood and general state of mind will be less positive than if they were not depressed at all, and is likely to appear weird and out of character to others.

Regarding treatment, medication is often not deemed suitable for individuals with mild depression. Instead, therapies such as CBT, self-help programs, and regular physical exercise may be more effective in managing mild symptoms.

Other Types of Depression

The forms of disease outlined in parts 1 and 2 are some of the most common types of depression, but there are many more varieties of the mental illness, such as the following:

Melancholic DepressionA sub-type of major depressive disorder in which individuals struggle to find pleasure in positive things. Agitation, insomnia and loss of appetite are common.
CyclothymiaMoods cycle between mildly depressed and elevated or hypomanic. Similar to bipolar disorder but significantly less severe in terms of depressive and manic episodes.
Adolescent DepressionDepressive symptoms in teenagers, often caused by various triggers, such as changing hormone levels during puberty, having low self-esteem, being victim of bullying, childhood abandonment, or exposure to violent or sexual abuse.
Psychotic DepressionA major depressive episode in which the sufferer experiences psychotic symptoms such as hearing or seeing things that aren’t real or experiencing delusional, paranoid thoughts.
Preparatory GriefThis is the type of grief that individuals go through when they know they are dying. It is often deemed a type of depression as it shares many symptoms with the mental illness.

How Can I Know That I Have Depression?

PsychologistIf you’ve been suffering with many of the symptoms listed in this article or in Part 1 on modafinilxl.com for a significant amount of time – usually two weeks or more – it is possible that you’re suffering from a depressive disorder. A healthcare professional, such as a physician or psychologist, will be able to diagnose you and help you to understand which type of the illness you are suffering from.

When to Consult a Doctor?

You should consult a doctor if you’ve been experiencing symptoms for more than two weeks, no matter how mild your symptoms are. Individuals with mild or functional depression may not deem it necessary to visit a doctor, but unless they seek treatment and advice on how to live with their symptoms, their mental health could decline into a severe episode of major depressive disorder.

Individuals experiencing suicidal symptoms should seek urgent care if they are having strong thoughts of harming themselves or committing suicide. Those who are dealing with chronic depression may not have much hope that medical intervention will help them, but with perseverance it may be possible to find medication or methods of coping that significantly reduce the severity of the symptoms.

If you are living with someone with a depressive disorder, you should encourage them to seek medical support if you feel their quality of life, relationships and daily routine is suffering as a result of the illness. If in doubt about someone’s mental state it may be helpful to consult a physician for advice, but ultimately they must seek help from a doctor on their own terms.

Definition and Types of Depression: Part 1

Definition and Types of Depression: Part 1

What is depression? Did you know that 121 million people worldwide are suffering with some kind of depression? Full description of depression types: major, bipolar and severe depression. What should you do if you have it?

1 in 10 Americans will suffer from some form of depression at some point in their life, with women more likely to develop the mental illness than men.

Although most common in people aged between 45 and 64, people can experience depression at any point in their lives, and it may be a one-off occurrence or they could relapse multiple times.

With so many people suffering from depression, it is vital that we learn more about the condition and its variations in order to recognize symptoms of the disorder and seek treatment, both for ourselves and our loved ones.

What Is Depression?

Depression is a mental health disorder which results in a persistent sense of sadness and loss of interest in daily activities.

There are various different forms of depression, and you’ll find that the depression definition varies for each type. However, all types of depression can impact the way you think, feel and behave. Depression can manifest itself both mentally and physically.

Definition and Types of Depression: Part 1A depressed person may experience the following symptoms:

  • feeling deep sadness or intense emotions;
  • experiencing sudden, unexplained bouts of anger or irritability;
  • persistent anxiety;
  • low in energy and motivation;
  • bored or disinterested in activities that were once pleasurable
  • low sex drive;
  • lack of focus and difficulty remembering things or making decisions;
  • feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness or guilt;
  • thoughts of harming themselves or others;
  • unusual sleeping patterns – insomnia or excessive sleeping;
  • headaches;
  • dramatic loss or increase in appetite.

DepressionThe severity of these symptoms may vary from individual to individual depending on the nature of their depression and the type of depressive disorder they are suffering from.

Living with Depression

It can be difficult to know how to live with depression, and often medication and/or therapy is required for a full recovery or to manage symptoms well enough that the disorder doesn’t continue to impact daily life. Once an individual seeks help from a physician or expert in psychology and gets the right treatment, overcoming depression is possible and individuals can have the opportunity to start a new life without relapse.

Depression can sometimes be situational, with external factors contributing to the mental illness. For example, depression in the elderly may be caused or made worse, by loneliness, particularly if they have reduced mobility and struggle to get out the house or if they have lost their spouse.

In other cases, depression has no external cause and comes about biologically or as a result of genetics. However, situational circumstances and environment could make symptoms worse or make recovery more difficult. In both scenarios, it can be helpful to identify the trigger or aggravating factor and find a solution to it to aid recovery in conjunction with medication and therapy.

Helping Others Deal with Depression

Depressed PersonLiving with someone with depression can be incredibly difficult, but the most important thing is to be supportive, let them know you’re there to talk to when they’re in crisis, and encourage the individual to seek medical help and treatment.

If you find the depressed person is avoiding social situations and their mental illness is becoming worse as a result, it may be possible to support them in becoming more sociable or finding methods to improve their mood. For example, you could invite them to go out walking, suggest you get dinner together, or find another activity that you would both enjoy together.

The other thing to consider is the type of depression an individual has, because the way they behave will differ depending on the type and severity of their depression. By learning more about the various types of depression, you may be more able to recognize symptoms and find an angle from which to support them most successfully. Regarding long-term conditions such as bipolar disorder, this step is perhaps most important.

Types of Depression

There are many different types of depression, with the most common being major depression. 16 million adults experience this every year in the US. In Part 1, we’ll go into detail about three types of depression: major depression, bipolar disorder and seasonal affective disorder.

Major DepressionSadness, anger and irritability, low energy and motivation, disinterest in activities, thoughts of self-harm or suicide, feeling of worthless or guilt, disrupted sleep patterns, headaches
Bipolar disorderRecurrent episodes of extreme depression and extreme mania, the latter causing dramatic increase in reckless behavior, energy, motivation, creativity, racing thoughts and lack of control
Seasonal Affective DisorderLow mood, lack of energy and motivation, increased appetite, sleeping longer than usual – all experienced during autumn and winter months

What Is Major Depression?

Depressive DisorderMajor depression, also known as clinical depression or major depressive disorder, is diagnosed when symptoms of depression have been experienced for two weeks or more. It is the most common type of depression, and is often referred to as “unipolar” depression because mood remains in one emotional state for a significant period of time.

Reactive Type

When major depression is caused in reaction to external life events or circumstances, it is known as “reactive” depression. Difficult and stressful events, such as the ending of a relationship, the death of a friend or family member, or a traumatic incident such as a fire or burglary, could be a trigger for depression.

Although these types of events would cause anyone to feel low, anxious or unhappy for a short period of time, if symptoms become more severe or persist for a significant period of time, it could mean that an individual is suffering from reactive depression.

In young people, depression may be triggered by stressful relationships or friendships, as a result of bullying, or due to academic pressure at school. For those in midlife, financial worries, instability in their living situation, or being made redundant are all examples of incidents that could trigger reactive depression.

Exogenous Type

Exogenous depression is the clinical term used to describe reactive type depression. “Reactive” is more commonly used since it more clearly describes the way in which depression occurs as a reaction to a traumatic event.

Atypical Form

Symptoms Atypical RejectionAtypical rejection is another sub-type of major depression which tends to be identified by the following symptoms:

  • appetite increase and weight gain;
  • excessive sleeping;
  • significant fatigue;
  • mood reactivity.

It is mood reactivity that particularly distinguishes atypical depression from other types. Individuals with the disorder will find their mood changes with their environment, so if something particularly positive happens, they will feel a little happier and more positive, something that individuals with other types of depression would be unlikely to experience.

Atypical depression is not usually triggered by a specific event like reactive type depression, and many sufferers have experienced depression from their teenage years. Atypical depression also often causes sufferers to be particularly sensitive to rejection.

Definition of Endogenous Depression

Endogenous depression refers to depression which is not caused by a stressful or traumatic event. It is also often known as “biologically based” depression, because there is no apparent triggering factor; it instead occurs as a result of biological or genetic factors.

Symptoms of endogenous depression are almost identical to those of major depression, and they usually come about very suddenly and with no clear reason.

Resistant Character of Disease

AntidepressantsIndividuals who do not respond sufficiently to antidepressants medications are known as having treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Clinically, an individual must have had little response to at least two different types of anti-depressants in order to be diagnosed with TRD.

It is estimated that around 45% of individuals treated by primary care physicians respond successfully to the treatments. Solutions to the problem may involve:

  • changing the type of antidepressants;
  • increasing the dose of antidepressants;
  • adding more medications;
  • psychotherapy.

Refractory Form of Illness

Treatment-refractory depression is another term used to describe treatment-resistant depression, as discussed above, in which an individual fails to successfully respond to anti-depressant medications.

Episodes of Major Type

An episode of major depression is usually defined by symptoms which occur for two weeks or more. Individuals may experience multiple episodes of major depression over the course of their lifetime, but in these cases physicians may look more closely into the symptoms and frequency of episodes to determine if the individual is suffering from a different type of depression, such as bipolar disorder or dysthymia, in which there are frequent, recurring episodes.

Bipolar Depression

Bipolar DepressionBipolar depression definition: a condition in which mood swings between extreme highs and extreme lows.

Bipolar depression, also often known as bipolar disorder and previously known as manic depression, causes individuals to experience extreme episodes of depression and extreme episodes of mania in which they feel overactive and out of control. Bipolar is cyclical, with sufferers cycling between depression and mania potentially throughout their lives.

Depressive and manic episodes tend to last for periods of longer than a week at a time, and can occur for months at a time. During a manic phase, individuals are often not aware that their behavior is weird, out of character or risky, and after coming down from a mania it is not uncommon for sufferers to find it shocking the activities they did during the manic phase.

Symptoms of bipolar disorder

During a depressed phase, bipolar disorder sufferers will experience many of the symptoms of major depression, but these are often far more severe than someone with simple clinical depression.

During a manic bipolar phase, individuals may experience the following symptoms:

  • extreme euphoria;
  • very high energy;
  • ambitious, creative and filled with profound ideas;
  • not feeling able to eat or sleep;
  • talking quickly;
  • becoming very irritable and angry very quickly;
  • spending lots of money on things they can’t afford;
  • increase in sex drive;
  • paranoia, delusions and feeling nervous without real cause;
  • psychotic episodes in which they see or hear things that aren’t really there;
  • intractable and feeling out of control of their actions.

Manic Depression or Hypomania

HypomaniaManic depression is an archaic term used to describe bipolar disorder. Bipolar is deemed a more accurate term for the condition because it focuses on the very stark differences between high and low phases of an individual’s mood, rather than simply the depressive episodes.

Hypomania is a term used to describe relatively mild periods of mania. During a hypomanic episode, which tends to last just a few days compared to weeks or months of mania, individuals might experience the following symptoms:

  • happy, confident and with high self-esteem;
  • creative;
  • racing thoughts;
  • restless, on edge and fidgeting;
  • social and talkative;
  • taking more risks than usual;
  • high in energy and not wanting to sleep.

One of the key differences between mania and hypomania is the level of control an individual might feel. Someone with hypomania may find themselves feeling more productive and able to use the hypomanic episode for positive changes in their life.

However, individuals who experience manic episodes often feel out of control of their actions, are not aware that their behavior is abnormal or could cause problems for themselves or others, and they may find themselves suffering from delusions, paranoia or psychosis that they cannot control.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

SAD is a form of depression which is affected by the changing seasons. Symptoms of depression typically occur in autumn when daylight hours get shorter, and become the worst through the winter months. In spring, the depressive mood begins to lift and sufferers usually find themselves feeling back to their normal mood by summer.

It is thought that SAD occurs as a result of less exposure to sunlight, since symptoms begin when days become shorter. Sunlight has an effect on the hypothalamus in the brain, which works to control serotonin, a hormone which helps to regulate sleep, appetite and mood. Symptoms of Malfunctioning of the HypothalamusWith a lack of sunlight, the hypothalamus may not function correctly, resulting in the following symptoms:

  • low mood and disinterest in normal daily activities;
  • irritability, guilt, despair and worthlessness;
  • lethargy;
  • sleeping longer than usual;
  • increase in craving carbohydrates which can lead to weight gain.

SAD is most common in climates where daylight hours are short, but there are some instances in which it occurs in people living in tropical climates. In these cases, individuals experience periods of depression in the summer months rather than the winter months. It is not fully understood why this happens and much more research is yet to be done to discover more about the condition.

Severe Depression

Depression can affect people in a myriad of different ways and severities, with some people experiencing more symptoms than others. Someone with moderate symptoms shouldn’t feel any less worthy of treatment than someone with acute, severe depression, but those experiencing more intense symptoms may choose to seek treatment particularly urgently, especially if they’re struggling to remain functional with daily activities or work, or have frequent, severe thoughts about harming themselves or suicide.

Do I Have Depression?

Part 2If you’re suffering from any of the symptoms outlined here, it is possible that you’ve been suffering from depression. However, be sure to read Part 2 on modafinilxl.com to learn more facts and statistics about different types of depression to get a better understanding of your potential condition.

When Should You See a Doctor?

Individuals who have been experiencing problems symptomatic of depression for two weeks or more should seek advice from a doctor. Those who have masked their symptoms from others for a significant amount of time should also visit a doctor for treatment, because suffering in silence will likely only make their condition worse. Anybody who has extreme thoughts of harming themselves or suicide should seek urgent medical care.

Insomnia: Definition and Types

Insomnia: Definition and Types

Getting a grip on a definition for insomnia may be more difficult than it seems at first, and knowing what to do when you have it is even more of a challenge. If you find yourself waking up in the middle of the night or having a psychophysiological response to night time stimuli, then learning all you can about narcolepsy and insomnia should be a top priority.

Why Is Sleep Important?

It is difficult to measure for sure how many people have a good night of sleep every night, but among the medical community it is widely accepted that rest is a key factor in a balanced psychology.

Sleep allows us to process the information gathered throughout the day, and recharge our neurons for the waking hours ahead.

Insomnia Definition

Insomnia can be defined as a clinical history of sleeplessness or chronic trouble staying asleep. If you have recently gone 3 days without sleep, find yourself thinking too much before bed, or waking up every hour during the night, you may suffer from acute or mild types of this mental disorder.

Short History

Historically sleep problems have been a private affair in women and in men, inspiring many theories about the effects of sleep deprivation on the mind. However today, it is even harder to know when to see a doctor as the bad effects of the malady are often overlooked, in order to catch up on work or stay out partying.

Insomnia: Definition and TypesWhat Does It Feel Like?

Insomnia is often associated with a variety of different feelings, including racing thoughts, depression, anxiety, and more. It depends largely on the individual and the type of insomnia experienced. See the descriptions below for information on the various forms.

Is Insomnia Genetic?

InsomniaUntil recently, insomnia was not thought to be genetic, however researchers are discovering otherwise. Recent studies indicate a genetic link to insomnia, which may explain the cause for millions across the world.

Can It Kill You?

Ultimately, insomnia cannot kill you directly. However it can still pose a life threatening risk, as the complications associated with the disorder can cause health problems, or trouble operating heavy machinery.

Insomnia Statistics

See the chart below for age-related insomnia statistics.

Age Rate of Insomnia
10 to 30 years30% to 40%
30 to 50 years30% to 40%
Over 60 years40% to 60%

Types of Insomnia

There are two types of insomnia that are important to understand. Understanding the difference between primary vs secondary is important to getting effective treatment.

Primary Insomnia

Primary InsomniaPrimary insomnia is a distinct sleep disorder whose effects are not yet fully understood by doctors. It is characterized by an organic inability to sleep, not caused by drugs or other substances that can lead to sleep troubles.


The reverse of primary insomnia is secondary insomnia, a more straightforward diagnosis although it is just as dangerous. It is caused by various medications and substances that can interfere with sleep patterns.

Chronic Type

Chronic insomnia is when a person has trouble sleeping over a long period of time. As you might expect, getting help for this condition should be prioritized, as it can lead to serious complications, especially in elderly individuals.

What Is Paradoxical Insomnia?

This unique condition is often encountered as people visit a sleep clinic reporting trouble sleeping, but who actually receive a full night’s sleep. Understanding this misperception and discovering exactly why do people suffer from this disorder remains out of researchers’ grasps for now, but can usually be treated with therapy.

Reverse Form

NarcolepsyAlso known as narcolepsy, this sleep disorder can be especially dangerous and can even lead to death, if experienced while operating heavy machinery or vehicles. Essentially, it is a constant feeling of tiredness, that can attack at any hour of the day. It is especially common in middle age or old age.

Definition of Transient Insomnia

Transient insomnia is about experiencing sleeplessness over the short term. While still serious, it can often be cleared up with a prescription sleep aid taken on the side of regular meals.

Terminal Form

This form of the disorder is characterized by early morning wakefulness. Have you found yourself wide awake on a Sunday morning, without any reason to be up? If so, you have experienced terminal form insomnia.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Many individuals wonder “what is seasonal affective disorder?” It is such a common term today, however the meaning remains unclear to many. Put simply, it is chronic depression associated with a lack of sunlight during winter months.

What Is Hyper Insomnia?

Also known as hypersomnia, those experiencing this disorder will feel like sleeping most hours of the day. If you are wondering can you have hypersomnia and insomnia at the same time? Then the answer is yes. In fact, such sleep disorders often occur in pairs, causing patients to lack sleep at night, and oversleep during the day.

Acute Type

Acute InsomniaAcute type insomnia is sleeplessness that occurs over the short term, and is usually cleared up within a matter of days or weeks. Those wondering what to take need only look to their online pharmacy for mild sleep agents.

What Is Mild Form?

Mild insomnia only affects individuals less than 50% of nights and poses less of a risk than the chronic form. However, mild sleep disorders can often develop into more serious ones, and should be treated promptly.

Interesting Facts About Insomnia

Take a look at some of these interesting facts and statistics about insomnia:

  • children and young adults can experience a sleep disorder differently from adults, causing racing thoughts or hyperactivity;
  • as many as 10% of adults are living with chronic insomnia;
  • research shows that insomnia can be genetic.

When Do I Need to See a Doctor?

DoctorMany people wonder “can you die from insomnia?” Luckily insomnia itself cannot kill you. However it can pose serious health risks, that lead to life-threatening complications.

If you have not had sleep for more than two nights in a row, or if your lack of sleep is affecting your life as a whole, make an appointment with your doctor.

How to Tell Someone That You Have Insomnia?

Knowing how to tell if you have insomnia is a challenge in itself, but telling those around you can be as big of a struggle. Often, what helps is linking to an informative article or summary that can outline all of the major facts and issues associated with the disorder.

Hypnotherapy can Cure Insomnia

Hypnotherapy can Cure Insomnia

Pulling an all-nighter used to be a good thing, but lack of sleep is a serious public health issue today. 1 out of 3 people suffer from insomnia, with the female population being more likely not to get enough sleep. Don’t just pass through the days like a zombie. Hypnotherapy is an amazing solution to a widespread problem.

Why Sleep Is So Important?

People are encouraged to endure sleepless nights. Whether it’s to meet deadlines or prove some sort of point about how hard they work, the value of a good night’s sleep is dangerously underrated.

Sleep has an effect on your physical and mental health. Lack of sleep is detriment to your overall quality of life and everyday safety.
When you don’t get enough sleep, your vision may blur affecting your driving, you can’t focus at work or school, you’re irritable, and it can stunt your growth and development. Although they don’t like to admit it people get depressed and lose confidence when they’re overtired. Exhaustion kills cognitive capabilities and the mind is too cloudy to effectively use problem-solving skills. Sleep is important for healthy brain functions and overall emotional well-being.

Hypnotherapy can Cure Insomnia

Sleep Disorders

There are a number of different types of sleep disorders caused by a number of different things:

  • restless leg syndrome – irresistible urge to move the legs, condition wakes the person up out of their sleep to move;
  • JetLag – occurs when you travel quickly across multiple time zones;
  • narcolepsy – causes overwhelming drowsiness, can cause you to fall asleep at anytime, anywhere; chronic disorder;
  • night terrors;
  • sleepwalking – person gets up and walks around while still sleeping;
  • obstructive sleep apnea – chronic breathing problems, intermittent airflow blockage during sleep;
  • diet – sugar, caffeine, alcohol.

What Is Insomnia?

InsomniaWhen you constantly have problems falling asleep, that’s insomnia. The nervous system has a hard time winding down, not allowing the mind to shut down, preventing you from relaxing. People experience insomnia without even knowing it. Some of the symptoms are as follows: fatigue, low levels of concentration, excessive sleepiness, and anxiety.

Hypnosis Vs Hypnotherapy

  • induction of a state of consciousness in which a person loses power of voluntary action;
  • person highly responsive to suggestion;
  • used in therapy to allow modification of behavior by suggestion;
  • find patterns and remove them by using influence needs weeks or months to stick.

  • use of hypnosis as a therapeutic technique;
  • isolates source or cause of pattern by digging into patient’s subconscious;
  • use suggestions that take effect right away.

Hypnosis for Sleep

HypnosisSleep insomnia hypnosis has been controversial in the past but has gained newfound popularity as sleep disorders are on the rise. Hypnosis is the place within your consciousness spectrum in between wakefulness and sleep. It works for some people because it puts the mind in a state where it is not susceptible to distractions.

Hypnotherapy for Insomnia

If hypnosis is the place between the consciousness spectrum, hypnotherapy figures out why you can’t get there. It gets to the root of the patterns that are resulting in your restless mind, addresses the pattern, then uses the hypnosis methods that will directly address your issue.

Can Hypnosis Really Cure My Insomnia?

Let’s Slow Down the Movie

Creatives, in particular, use the phrase “my mind is always turning” as a way to describe the reason they can’t sleep. What that means is the mind does not stop thinking, and thoughts are moving too fast to even process sometimes. Picture a movie reel that turns inside a projector so fast that you can’t really watch the movie, it may give you a headache, or you may even feel dizzy after watching it. Hypnotherapy uses a technique referred to as “let’s slow down the movie” to relax the mind. When your mind is turning you are thinking in disjointed images or “movies” that are moving too fast. The goal is to manipulate and slow down the thoughts using relaxing breathing techniques and suggestions.

Use Your Peripheral Vision

Peripheral visionPeripheral vision is defined as what you see on the side while looking ahead. A lot of times insomnia is caused by tunnel vision, which is just the opposite. Tunnel vision focuses on what’s in front of you and not what’s going on around you. It’s associated with fixation, obsession, worry, and adrenaline. These are all things that cause you not to able to go to sleep.

When you shift from tunnel vision to peripheral vision you start at one spot in a room and slowly go from space to space on the edges of your vision until you see the entire room. It’s a relaxation aid that triggers the parasympathetic nervous system, slows the heart rate, and relaxes the sphincter muscles. You become more aware of the movement around you and less aware of the details like the color of the things around you.

Heart-Breathing Exercise

A simple technique that’s used in therapy, but can also be used by the patient at home is heart breathing exercises. These exercises focus on deep breaths in the core, chest and heart. Listening to the heartbeat, feeling every beat, and hearing every beat and the blood flow through. It’s similar to meditation techniques and causes the mind to slow down, taking the patient’s brain into theta; eventually you fall asleep.

Taking an Imaginary Pill for Sleep

SleepStudies show that placebo medication works for many people just as real medicine does. The same theory works for “taking an imaginary pill.” Self-hypnotherapy is exactly how it sounds. It’s self-induced hypnosis brought on by self-suggestion. Taking the imaginary pill is a form of self-hypnosis where you imagine taking a sleep aid, and you focus on the effects the medicine has on your body. You squeeze the thumb and forefinger together as if you’re holding the real pill, further causing your subconscious to believe you’re taking it. This brings on the pseudo-effects of the drug using mental pictures to make you sleep.

Hypnosis used to be for entertainment. Current techniques including self-hypnosis audios have proven successful. Trust the process, if you still can’t sleep after you’ve tried all of these methods, it’s time to explore some deeper issues. You can’t go through life with no sleep.

Problems with Studying and Concentration

Problems with Studying and Concentration

Look for ways to study and concentrate for long hours? Real tips how to improve your learning skills.

The issue of concentrating well during studying while avoiding everyday distractions is a very complicated one.

Mostly because the world you live in is full of distractions that decrease your concentration and inherently lower your productivity. As a student, you wonder how to focus on studies and how to stay focused continuously.

There are a lot of different options when it comes to helping yourself concentrate better, from relaxation techniques to certain study methods. Ultimately, however, you may have a condition that warrants stronger intervention. For instance, you may suffer from ADHD or narcolepsy and find it hard to focus on anything, or even, to stay awake. This is where effectively drugs such as Modafinil can come in and help you stay focused, thereby fixing your problems with concentration.
Problems with Studying and Concentration

Why Studying Is So Difficult for Me?

Studying demands focus. Sometimes, issues such as anxiety or stress might deflect your attention and make it difficult for you to concentrate on the work you need to do. Usually, these are fleeting problems that go away after the situation that has induced anxiety or stress goes away.

Other times, lack of sleep might be at the root of why you’re tired and having problems focusing. Lastly, you might suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which means you active focus on too many things at the same time, thereby making it very hard for you to focus on your studies. In such a case, certain drugs like Modafinil and Armodafinil can be an easy fix for you.

Can’t Concentrate on Studies

ConcentrationConcentration is easier when you enjoy what you’re focused on. But sometimes, even enjoyment won’t save you from daydreaming or feeling less attentive to what is happening in the classroom, or in your room when you’re studying. But it isn’t your fault – it might be that you’re easily distracted or feel sleepy all the time.

These issues can lead to you feeling depressed because your memory is bad, and your grades are suffering because you can’t focus on your studies and you routinely underachieve in the majority of your classes. Words don’t make sense on the page or you re-read the same sentence and can’t comprehend what it is you’re reading. This can ruin your self-esteem and prompt a further fall in the quality of both your education and grades. Even worse, all this can induce anxiety which might spiral into depression.

Signs of Bad Memory

The signs of a terrible memory can be both acute and chronic. Maybe you walk into your apartment and can’t remember where you set down the keys, or you get to the store and aren’t sure of what you wanted to buy. These are signs of a bad short term memory.

Even worse is the issue of studying for a test and your mind goes blank as you panic and can’t remember what you studied. All you find is a wall in your head that you can’t get past. Such bad memory might be due to one event, or might be a chronic part of your life.

Tips for Improving Your Concentration

Signs of a bad memory include forgetfulness, and difficulty piecing together information. However, there are many ways to improve memory:

  • Tips for Improving Your Concentrationmake sure you’re hydrated;
  • always get at least 8 hours of sleep a night;
  • eat foods that cover all your nutritional needs;
  • take a multivitamin;
  • exercise regularly;
  • do crossword puzzles or other stimulating games such as Scrabble that keep your mind sharp.

Form Your Study Habits

When and how you study is also very important with regard to how successful your study sessions will be. Studying after a big meal is never great because your body is busy digesting all the food you’ve consumed and you won’t be as focused due to fullness or even feeling sleepy. Studying with coffee also isn’t the best idea due to the short burst of concentration you’ll have, as it only takes 15-45 minutes to reach peak levels until it wears off. It’s better to drink water or juice.

A quiet or soothing workspace is key to productivity and the best way to study. Don’t have distractions like Facebook, Twitter or other forms of social media close by as you’ll be tempted to check them. Turn your phone on silent and turn your laptop to airplane mode for the duration of your study session unless it’s key to your research.

Get into the routine of studying at the same time every day. Even better, go to the library to get away from the distractions of your room. And never forget to reward yourself.

Use the Most Effective Study Methods

Study MethodsThere are study methods that can assist you as you try your best to understand complex information that you might be reading, as well as recall the necessary parts for a final:

  • as you study, write the information down on a separate piece of paper. After, attempt to re-write what you’d written word-for-word to improve memory recall;
  • mouth the core concepts of the information you need to retain as you go about your day, be it while walking, grocery shopping, or even in the shower;
  • write questions down and have a friend ask you, and try your best to reinforce the answers into your brain;
  • join a study group and you can all ask each other questions regarding assignments because they might have insights that you might not;
  • if you have an upcoming test or assignment, go through past exams of the same kind to familiarize yourself with whatever questions you might have to face.

Try to Take Smart Drugs

Smart drugs aren’t a cheat as many would tell you. No, in fact, they’re drugs that allow you to harness the potential of your brain fully through giving you total focus. In certain people, the chemical dopamine might be in lower quantities, which causes a drop in the ability to focus. By taking certain drugs such as Modafinil, the amount of dopamine available is increased to normal levels, thus allowing the brain to work at optimum capacity.

Taking this drug simply fixes the unbalanced chemical in your brain and makes you focus at the rate you were supposed to.

How to Study Hard for Long Hours?

Modafinil TabletsThe issue of how to concentrate is obviously at the fore of your mind. Modafinil will allow you to study for longer periods of time without a drop in concentration, thereby fixing your inability to retain information. Why? Because you’re alert and absorbing what you are reading. Knowing and understanding what you’re reading makes studying more enjoyable and important information easier to memorize.

But it’s always best to break your studying into bits. Trying to cram all the knowledge of multiple pages in 20 minutes before a test is both ineffective and stressful. Create a timetable that has when you’ll study at different intervals throughout the day. Try two hours in the morning, then reward yourself by going to the mall, hanging with your friends or watching an episode of your favorite TV series. Then do another two hours.

Use Modafinil Drugs

DopaminePerhaps you’ve heard of nootropics (smart drugs)? Modafinil is one such drug, medicine that helps by increasing concentration and wakefulness by stopping the recycling of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a reward neurotransmitter which makes us want to repeat actions because it makes us feel good. This is why when you study, every time you learn new information, your brain will reward you.

Modafinil also increases the key neurotransmitters Norepinephrine and Serotonin. Norepinephrine is similar to adrenaline and allows you to be more awake and focused while reading. Serotonin is the neurotransmitter that regulates mood, which allows you feel more relaxed and at ease with what you’re doing.

Modafinil not only increases wakefulness and focus, it increases productivity and makes tasks like computation, reading, and writing much easier through a heightened ability of thought, allowing you to focus on anything. It allows your dedication to your studies to pay off through better grades.

Try Armodafinil Pills

If Modafinil won’t treatment your sleepiness, lack of focus and general malaise, you can try Armodafinil, which is a more powerful form of Modafinil. It works in much the same way as Modafinil, through its actions on key receptors in the brain. It also regulates the amount of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine in the brain as well. It will help you avoid distractions continuously, fixing the saying “I am not able to study”.

What to takeWhen to takeTime to work (mins)Take with foodPrice per pill
ModafinilMorning before tasks45-60Yes$0.72
ArmodafinilMorning before tasks45-60Yes$2.34

Where to Get Cheap Smart Drugs?

Cheap smart drugs are easily found on the internet at modafinilxl.com. Check our robust collection of meds and you’ll find the solution to any issue or disorder you might have quickly.

Modafinil and Depression

Modafinil and Depression

Can you use Modafinil for treating depression? Does Provigil Cause Depressive Condition? All answers read on this article.

Definition of Depression

Depression, professionally known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is a serious mood disorder characterized by mild to severe symptoms including depressed mood, loss of appetite and pleasure in once enjoyed activities, increased fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and shame, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of death or suicide.

For a diagnosis of clinical depression or major depressive disorder, these symptoms must persist for two weeks or more.

One in six people will experience depression at some point in their life, with women being more likely to suffer from the disorder. Depression, contrary to popular belief, is not just having sad feelings. Along with changes in mood, the disorder can manifest physical issues such as fatigue, lack of focus and concentration, and sleep issues like insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive daytime sleepiness).

There are different kinds of depression that have slightly different symptoms or that develop under a set of unique circumstances. Persistent depressive disorder or dysthymia is a type of depression that can last two years or more.

Modafinil and Depression

Perinatal depression is a mood disorder that occurs after a woman gives birth and usually clears within two weeks of delivery. Psychotic depression is depression that is characterized by episodes of psychosis, and Seasonal Affective Disorder is depression that occurs during the winter months when exposure to sunlight is diminished.

Major Symptoms of Depression


There are many symptoms associated with depression, although each individual might not necessarily experience all of them.

A person suffering from depression may suffer from persistent sadness, anxiety, irritability, feelings of hopelessness, loss of interest in hobbies and activities, feeling restless, appetite and/or weight changes, thoughts of death and suicide, aches and pains, headaches, cramps, and digestive problems without another physical cause, decreased energy and fatigue, and difficulty concentrating and making decisions. The last two symptoms are ones that are specifically addressed with the drug Provigil (Modafinil).

What Is Modafinil?

Provigil or Modafinil is an eugeroic drug, a substance that promotes wakefulness. The drug is also considered a nootropic, a substance that improves cognitive functions like executive memory, creativity, and motivation. It’s often referred to casually as a “smart drug” because of its cognitive enhancing abilities. Provigil was approved by the FDA in 1998 to treat excessive daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder. Although Modafinil has never obtained FDA approval for the treatment of depression, anecdotal reports suggest the drug is highly effective as an off-label treatment for the disorder.

Can I Use Provigil (Modafinil) for Depression?


Modafinil isn’t FDA approved for depression but it can be used as an off-label treatment for depressive disorders. The drug is considered relatively safe with a low potential for abuse, but some psychiatrists and doctors might not prescribe it for depression. There are certain scenarios, however, where Modafinil could be effective.


Apathy can be a dominant characteristic of depression and studies have shown that Provigil can significantly reduce this symptom. One study revealed a patient with bipolar disorder saw a drop in her “apathy” rating from 61 to 31 following 16 weeks of treatment.

Atypical Depression

Atypical depression is a subtype of major depressive disorder characterized by increased appetite, weight gain, excessive sleepiness, and marked fatigue. There is evidence that Provigil helps atypical depression by addressing the hypersomnia portion of the disorder and possibly enhance weight loss due to its ability to boost dopamine levels and increase overall energy.

Comorbid Narcolepsy

Since Provigil was approved as a first-line option for use in treating narcolepsy, patients that have depression with comorbid narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, or shift work sleep disorder could be considered good candidates for the drug.

Treatment-Resistant Depression


Refractory forms of depression, or depression that does not respond well to traditional treatments, may also benefit from Provigil. The drug is generally regarded as being safer than most antidepressants with fewer side effects and withdrawal symptoms. The unique mechanism action of Provigil could be very effective in treating those individuals who are resistant to first-line depression medications.

How Provigil Treats Depression

Although the mechanism of action through which Provigil promotes wakefulness is unknown, it is believed to help excessive daytime sleepiness through minor dopamine reuptake inhibition (DRI), increasing histamine in the hypothalamus, and stimulating orexin receptors. It can also slightly increase levels of norepinephrine and serotonin in some regions of the brain. Furthermore, the drug has a unique mechanism that can enhance electronic coupling thereby increasing gamma brain waves which are responsible for perception of reality and the processing of information. In layman’s terms, the medication can promote wakefulness and lift brain fog, i.e. slow psychomotor activity. Modafinil has also been found to have a stabilizing effect on mood.

Two of the primary symptoms of major depression are excessive fatigue and brain fog. Starting in 2000, researchers began to study the effects of Provigil on depression, even though it was not approved for that disorder. Since individuals with depression often complain of chronic fatigue, low energy, and excessive daytime sleepiness, researchers believed that the stimulatory action of Provigil might be an effective treatment for bipolar depression, major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and atypical depression.

What Modafinil Dosages Are the Best for Depression?


The majority of people taking Modafinil take the drug in the morning or before they start their shift at work. A single dosage of the drug can help alleviate fatigue and give individuals clarity and focus. The medication comes in two doses, 100 mg and 200 mg. The average recommended dose for Modafinil is 200 mg once a day, although individuals may start on a lower dose, say 25 mg, to find which dosage works best for them. Quantities above 200 mg add no beneficial effects.

Time of day for dosage can vary from person to person but individuals note that the drug can take up to three hours to really kick in, so most patients will take Modafinil in the morning upon waking. Modafinil can be taken with food or on an empty stomach. Individuals report that headaches occur when they’ve taken too much of the drug.

Studies Done on Provigil

In 2000, research was done on seven patients with bipolar depression and major depressive disorder who were not responding to first-line antidepressant treatments. They were given Provigil as an adjunct treatment to their antidepressant in 100 mg and 200 mg doses. All seven patients experienced partial or full remission of their disorder within the first two weeks with minimal side effects.

Provigil 100 mg

Another study in 2004 analyzed the drug in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) or seasonal depression. Individuals who experience this disorder often complain of excessive sleepiness or hypersomnia during seasonal changes, particularly in the winter months. This is usually caused by lack of exposure to sunlight. In this study, 12 patients were given Provigil starting at 100 mg doses which were then increased to 200 mg. In nine of the patients, the drug significantly improved symptoms within one week of treatment and maintained its efficacy through the eight weeks of the trial.

Other studies have been done since then on the efficacy of Provigil in the treatment of depression. In all of the studies, a significant percentage of individuals taking the drug experienced improvement in their depression. Through reviews of these studies, researchers concluded that Provigil’s unique mechanism of action elicited a variety of neural changes that led to its antidepressant effects and it, therefore, was highly effective as an adjunct treatment for depressive disorders.

Why This Drug May Help to Beat Depression?

Provigil was found to be successful in improving cognitive function. The drug is a well-known nootropic, a substance that enhances cognition. Individuals with depression often complain of brain fog or cognitive impairment. It is thought that Provigil works to alleviate this symptom by improving deficiencies in neurotransmitters, correcting abnormal brain wave activity and/or insufficient regional activation. Since improved mental performance can lead to greater confidence in social and work situations, the action of the drug can significantly improve depression.


Another major symptom of depression is feeling under-stimulated. Reduction in central nervous system stimulation can result in a depressed mood and low energy. Provigil works to increase CNS stimulation resulting in improved energy and psychomotor activity. The drug also minimally affects certain neurotransmitters like norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. Deficiencies in dopamine and serotonin are thought to be factors in major depression, so Provigil’s boosting action of these could lead to improvements in the disorder.

The effects of Provigil (Modafinil) against fatigue compared to other stimulants is outlined in the following table:

RestoringAlertness Duration of ActionSubjectively reported adverse effectsRecovery Sleep adverse effects
Modafinil Effective23No
Amphetamine Effective12Yes
Caffeine Effective31No

A wealth of evidence obtained from clinical trials suggests that Provigil is effective in the treatment of depression. Unlike traditional antidepressants that can take six to eight weeks on average to work, Provigil can produce improvements in cognitive function, motivation, productivity, and energy levels on the very first day. And since the drug’s side effect profile is minimal, many individuals may prefer the drug over existing antidepressants.

Can Modafinil Cause Depression?

While most individuals taking Modafinil report a decrease in depression from the drug, some users have reported that their depression actually increased with use. Although evidence for this is purely anecdotal, some patients have noted that while the drug helped their fatigue, it actually made other symptoms of the disorder, like depressed mood, even worse. Although Modafinil has limited side effects, in certain people it could exacerbate depression.

The drug has been known to increase anxiety, another symptom of major depression, which can lead to a decrease in mood and cognitive function. The long-term effects of Modafinil are relatively unknown. Preliminary evidence suggests that it is safe, but individuals who suffer from anxiety may want to avoid the drug.

Side Effects of Modafinil

Modafinil is thought to be generally safe with limited side effects. Talk to your doctor if you experience any of the following:

Side Effects of Modafinil

  • fast/pounding/irregular heartbeat;
  • fever;
  • nausea;
  • depression;
  • nervousness;
  • diarrhea;
  • dry mouth;
  • upper respiratory tract infection;
  • dizziness;
  • trouble sleeping (insomnia);
  • anxiety;
  • easy bruising or bleeding;
  • chest pain;
  • hallucinations;
  • agitation;
  • headache;
  • mental/mood changes (such as confusion, depression, hallucinations, rare thoughts of suicide).

Where to Buy Modafinil Pills?

Modafinil is a prescription drug that can be purchased from online pharmacy depending on what country the patient is in. There are different versions of the drug by different manufacturers but online purchases are thought to be cheaper than buying the medication in a brick and mortar pharmacy. All online Modafinil is sourced in India but can be purchased through online vendors. Although products offered by e-commerce sites are essentially the same, customers should check to make sure a vendor is reliable before purchasing