Modafinil and Sleep Deprivation

Modafinil and Sleep Deprivation

Sleep problems and Modafinil: can nootropics cause insomnia, sleep deprivation, apnea? Safe ways to level Modafinil effects on sleep.

Modafinil, also known by the brand name Provigil, is a drug commonly prescribed to those with sleep disorders resulting in tiredness, like narcolepsy or sleep apnea. It was first approved for narcolepsy in the late 90s and has since been used to treat similar sleep disorders.

These disorders can affect a person’s ability to stay awake for the usual daily cycle. There is no cure for most sleep disorders, but with this medication, many people can live full and productive lives. This drug is highly effective in improving memory and cognition and is now used for a variety of off-label purposes. It has been known to help with test-taking aptitude, job functioning, and even jet-lag.

This article will highlight some of the most commonly asked questions about this drug, as well as the effects, warnings, and precautions one should take. Modafinil can be highly beneficial for those who want to increase alertness and the capacity of their overall brain function.

Modafinil and Sleep Cycles

This medication comes in pill form and is to be used to keep the person awake and alert. One benefit of this medication is that, unlike other psychostimulants, it does not give the user jitters or shakes. It is important to take medicine directly as prescribed to maintain a healthy sleep cycle. By taking as directed, a patient can have increased alertness during the day and sleep regularity at night. Keeping a proper sleep cycle is important for a healthy body and mind.

Modafinil and Sleep Deprivation

Normal Sleep Cycle

A normal sleep cycle is characterized by deep fluctuations between a semi-conscious state and deep R.E.M. sleep. Our minds usually control this at a steady pace, between 70 to 100 minutes. Your mind slowly drifts down into a deeper state of unconsciousness from the first state, which is a light sleep, until you reach the phase of R.E.M. or Rapid Eye Movement, where you are in a complete dream state. The body completes a sleep cycle a couple of times per night. Usually, if a person ends their cycle without waking, they will not remember their dreams. It is only when a person wakes up during the sleep cycle, interrupting that cycle, can they recall what they were dreaming. This disruption in the sleep cycle can cause sleep deprivation and effects similar to not having enough sleep. It is important to complete sleep cycles, so if you feel you are waking too often and are not feeling rested, seek the advice of a medical professional.

Effects on the Brain

Modafinil effects on the brainModafinil comes in pill form and is known as today’s smart drugs. Modafinil affects the brain’s memory and alertness. It also increases the dopamine levels within the synapse of the two sides of the brain. Now, many call it a smart drug because of the increase it gives to memory, cognition and overall intelligence. Studies have shown improvements in all of these areas in those using Modafinil versus those who are not. Talk to your doctor about possible long-term effects of the medication.

Modafinil and Sleep Deprivation

Modafinil can cause sleep deprivation if not taken properly. It is not recommended to take this medication later in the day because of its long-lasting effects. If taken too late in the day it can keep the user awake for anywhere from 10 to 15 hours later. It is not safe for anyone to purposefully keep themselves awake by using this, and it should be used responsibly. Always take the dosage that is recommended and take it in the mornings to avoid possible sleep deprivation.

Sleep Deprivation

Sleep deprivation is a problem faced by many Americans today. It can be caused by a variety of things, including stress, sleep apnea, overworking, obesity, and a lower quality of life. It takes about 16 hours of the body being awake before it becomes too tired and starts to prepare itself for a sleep cycle. Your body may decide to act on its own by giving you brief sleep attacks. Similar to the attacks seen in narcolepsy, the body will take over and start to get sleep in short intervals, also known as microsleep. Sleep deprivation can be dangerous if it happens in a work environment, especially if the worker is operating heavy machinery or driving a vehicle. Many accidents on the road are caused by sleep deprivation, and it is just as dangerous as drink driving. After 48 hours it becomes almost impossible for an individual to keep themselves awake and control microsleep episodes.

National Sleep Values

SleepThe amount of sleep needed per night differs from person to person depending on their age, but it is usually between five to 10 hours.

Here are the values recommended by the National Sleep Foundation:

  • newborn babies – 14 to 17 hours per day;
  • infants – 12 to 15 hours per day;
  • toddlers in the range of one to two years – 11 to 14 hours;
  • teens – eight to 10 hours per day;
  • adults – seven to nine hours per day;
  • elderly – seven to eight hours per day.

The statistical chart below shows how much sleep we actually get on average:

AgeGenderAverage Sleep Amount
15-19male9.6 hours
15-19female9.5 hours
20-24male8.9 hours
20-24female8.8 hours
25-34male8.5 hours
25-34female8.6 hours
35-44male8.3 hours
35-44female8.4 hours
45-54male8.2 hours
45-54female8.4 hours
55-64male8.2 hours
55-64female8.3 hours
65 and upmale9.0 hours
65 and upfemale8.9 hours

Warnings and Precautions

PharmacistWhile Modafinil is safe to take, there can be some side effects. The most common side effect is insomnia. You should do research and talk to your pharmacist before taking this medication. Find out if you have any allergies to this medication ahead of time. Let them know if you have any other allergies because this medicine may contain inactive ingredients that could cause an allergic reaction. You should speak with a doctor if you have a known history of heart problems, such as irregular heartbeat, liver problems such as liver disease, any type of mental or mood disorder like mania or depression, and any abuse of drugs or a family history of such abuse. These all should be taken into account when considering if Modafinil is for you.


There is some known interaction between Modafinil and other drugs. It is important to know how drug interactions work so that you can decrease your risk of side effects. Make sure that you are keeping a list of all medications that you are currently taking, and keep that list regular and up to date. Include both prescription and non-prescription drugs in your lists. There have been known interactions between these drugs and street drugs, so be safe and make sure not to take anything that will have a harmful reaction.

This drug has also been known to decrease the effectiveness of some medications, such as birth control in women. Take extra precautions against pregnancy if you plan to use this drug. Modafinil also has an effect on how long other drugs can stay in your body and how well they work. One example of a drug that can be affected is the drug used to treat hepatitis C, while another example is the reaction between Modafinil and caffeine. Caffeine should not be taken with this medication as it can increase side effects and cause the shakes or jitters. Patients have reported headaches and insomnia from the combination of these as well. Modafinil is similar to Armodafinil tablets and these two medications should not be taken together.



Insomnia is characterized by the inability to sleep during the usual hours within the human sleep cycle. A person’s body may be tired, but due to insomnia, they are unable to sleep. Insomnia can last for hours and can continue for days or weeks depending on the individual. In extreme cases of insomnia, a person can inhibit severe side effects such as loss of physical coordination and vivid hallucinations. It can cause danger when operating machinery because it affects the quickness of your reaction time. Even with the aid of Modafinil, you may not be able to react quickly enough. It is important to see a medical professional if your insomnia has gone on for more than a couple of days.

Where to Buy Modafinil Online?

You can purchase Modafinil online. A quick web search should show you websites such as This is an example of a website that is a safe and affordable way to order Modafinil online. Use one of these online pharmacies to make sure you are getting your Modafinil from a reliable source and use responsibly.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

In this article, readers will be introduced to safe ways to treat bipolar disorder. Learn how to cure BD with medications, psychotherapy, and other well-known methods. Get to know the list of drugs that can cause bipolar disorder, in addition to some of the top triggers of manic or depressive episodes.

What Is Bipolar Disorder?

According to the American Psychiatric Association, bipolar disorder is a lifelong brain disorder that causes extreme mood swings in adults and children alike. The National Institute of Mental Health also uses the terms «manic-depressive illness» or «manic depression» to describe bipolar disorder.

There are three main types of bipolar disorders:

  • bipolar disorder i – patients have at least one major manic episode before or after a major depressive or hypomanic episode;
  • bipolar disorder ii – patients have a history of at least one hypomanic and major depressive event, but no past record of manic episodes;
  • cyclothymic disorder – patients have prolonged cycles (roughly two years) of alternating hypomanic and depressive episodes.

BD Symptoms

Bipolar disorder is marked by erratic fluctuations in mood and behavior. Patients, therefore, may face many challenges going about daily life when the disorder isn’t managed properly.

The best way to find out if you have bipolar disorder is to get evaluated by a qualified mental health professional. There are however a few telltale signs of bipolar disorder. These are subcategorized into manic episodes and depressive episodes.

Manic episodes can be further broken down into two groups, which are mania and hypomania. Mania is considered to be a more serious symptom of bipolar disorder, as patients may experience psychosis. In this event, intervention and hospitalization is typically required.

Mania and hypomania

Depressive episodes

  • unusually optimistic and energetic;
  • having larger-than-life self-confidence;
  • speaking excessively and over-the-top;
  • having disorganized and racing thoughts;
  • experiencing difficulties focusing;
  • taking uncalculated risks.
  • deep sadness, hopelessness, and despair;
  • lack of interest in most activities;
  • substantial weight loss;
  • insomnia or hypersomnia;
  • excessive fatigue;
  • negative self-talking;
  • suicidal thoughts or attempts;
  • delayed speech or actions.

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

According to the Mayo Clinic, bipolar disorder is normally treated with a combination of medicines and therapies.

Bipolar disorder is considered to be a lifelong ailment that has no cure. Doctors, therefore, concentrate on managing the major symptoms of BD for the long-term. Since depressive episodes cause more serious and life-threatening behaviors when compared to manic periods, the first course of treatment is usually antidepressants or SSRIs.

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

Can antidepressants cause bipolar disorder? Even though antidepressants successfully treat one side of BD, they can also tip the scale and send mania over the edge.

To offset the risk, psychiatrists usually supplement them with a mood stabilizing medication such as valproate or carbamazepine, for example.


Three pill bottlesThe main medications used to treat and manage bipolar disorder, include:

  • antipsychotic drugs – these medications help prevent psychosis;
  • selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) – used to relieve depressive episodes;
  • anticonvulsants – administered to relieve pain, prevent seizures, or ease some of the signs of bipolar disorder.

What Are SSRIs? SSRIs are the latest classes of antidepressants that are believed to treat the symptoms of bipolar disorder more effectively.

How SSRIs Work? Our brains send signals and messages through a wide network of chemical neurotransmitters. To treat bipolar disorder, scientists focus on specific neurotransmitters that control our mood. It’s known as serotonin. Higher levels of serotonin contribute to reduced anxiety and depression. SSRIs essentially prevent serotonin from being absorbed when it’s transported from one neuron to another.

The main types of SSRIs or antidepressants prescribed for bipolar disorder include:

Name of drugGeneric name


Zoloft is a type of SSRI or antidepressant that is approved by the FDA to treat a range of mental disorders, including depression, OCD, PMDD, and more. Zoloft is generally only prescribed for patients with severe bipolar depression.

One of the main downsides of treating depression with Zoloft is the possibility that it will trigger manic episodes. As such, patients must be closely observed on a periodic basis while taking the medication.


Prosac pillsProzac or fluoxetine is considered to be one of the first SSRIs invented. Since 1987, the antidepressant has been proven to have a long track record of success in treating depressive episodes.

Prozac appears to be better tolerated when compared to other medicines, but the biggest drawback is that it takes a while for the effects to be seen.

In 2014, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) updated its clinical guidelines. The UK-based firm stressed that Prozac is the only antidepressant to be prescribed for bipolar disorder. To lower the risks of side effects like mania, Prozac should be combined with an antipsychotic medicine. It’s important to note, however, that other international medical boards use other parameters for treating bipolar disorder.

Is Xanax Used for Bipolar Disorder?

Xanax or alprazolam is a mild tranquilizer that falls under a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines.

Is Xanax used for bipolar disorder? Unlike popular antidepressants, these types of medicines treat the other side of BD, which is mania.

Xanax and other benzodiazepines are believed to increase gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a type of chemical neurotransmitter responsible for aiding in rest and relaxation. Xanax can, therefore, help to calm anxiety and panic attacks in inpatient and outpatient settings.

Lithium Carbonate

Lithium carbonate is one of the most popular treatments for bipolar disorder. It is one of three drugs on the marketplace that has been clinically proven to treat both major symptoms of BD, including mania and depression. The other two are Lamictal and Zyprexa, according to Bipolar Lives.

The Texas Medication Algorithm Project (TMAP) suggests using lithium as the first course of treatment for bipolar disorder.

Lexapro for BD

Lexapro pillsLexapro is authorized by the FDA to treat major depressive disorders. The drug is prescribed in either 5 mg, 10 mg, or 20 mg doses. Lexapro mirrors some of the benefits presented by other types of SSRIs, which include lowering incidences of acute behavioral depression in bipolar patients. It is also recommended for long-term management of the mental disorder.

The drug is believed to alter how messages are processed by the central nervous system and targeted nerve cells. Lexapro also repairs chemical imbalances in the brain and is moreover used to treat other mental disorders, such as anxiety. Due to the risk of suicidal thoughts, doctors typically wean patients off the drug when it’s deemed appropriate to do so instead of abruptly withdrawing the prescription.


The National Alliance of Mental Illness endorses Tegretol or Carbamazepine for treating bipolar disorder.

This drug treatment bipolar disorder aids in regulating both severe mania as well as merged episodes of bipolar disorder. Tegretol is classified as both a mood stabilizer and an anticonvulsant all in one. In addition to original Tegretol, the FDA approved extended release hybrids, which feature longer lasting effects.


Wellbutrin, or bupropion, is a norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor antidepressant used to treat acute depression. The drug isn’t linked to other classes of selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors. Instead, it is labeled under the aminoketone classes of drugs due to its chemical makeup.

Wellbutrin was deemed to be effective for treating major depressive disorders following a series of controlled inpatient and outpatient clinical studies. Researchers concluded that it was effective for treating the hallmarks of depressive episodes, including suicidal thoughts, the inability to focus, and feelings of sadness.


Lyrica (Pregabalin) tabletsLyrica is a new emerging anticonvulsant used to regulate mood and offset manic episodes that may be triggered by antidepressants. It is therefore used in conjunction with a SSRI, in most cases, to manage both major symptoms of bipolar disorder. Lyrica works much like a sedative by curtailing hyperactivity in the brain. Lyrica may also be prescribed as a singular treatment or combined with lithium carbonate.

In the United States, Lyrica isn’t conventionally used for the managing bipolar disorder. The FDA’s preliminary indication for Lyrica is for the treatment of partial seizures and pain. Nevertheless, Lyrica is reportedly a more popular off-label treatment in Europe, where it is used in conjunction with other BD drugs. It is typically prescribed for BD patients who have had a negative reaction to traditional BD treatment plans.


ECT, which is short for electroconvulsive or electroshock therapy, is usually used as a last resort for treating bipolar disorder when conventional medicines don’t work for acute mania or depression. In particular, ECT is used when patients have unrelenting suicidal thoughts and are considered to be a danger to themselves.

The procedure is done under general anesthesia as residential patients have an electric shock administered over the scalp. Even though ECT is the quickest way to alleviate severe depression or mania, it provides only short-term relief.


The American Psychological Association recommends psychotherapy as a critical component of any bipolar disorder treatment plan. In this therapy, patients collaborate with a group of specialists to help alter thought patterns – for the better.

Psychotherapy, in theory, helps patients to cope with major life changes and eliminate negative self-talk which is often associated with major depressive episodes.

Other Treatment Options

Some of the alternative treatments for bipolar disorder without medication or psychotherapy include:

  • calming therapies – to reduce racing thoughts, patients try yoga, meditation, or massage therapies;
  • interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (ipsrt) – to lower the incidences of unpredictable behaviors, patients follow a rhythm or set a schedule to gain more control;
  • light therapy – in this treatment, a light box is utilized to replicate natural lighting during months where sad or seasonal affective disorder is most prevalent.


VitaminsMedical doctor, Jim Haggerty of Psych Central regularly educates interested readers about mental health issues. In a recent article, he mentioned that even though there’s no clinical evidence demonstrating vitamins’ efficacy in treating bipolar disorder, these supplements help with alleviating the symptoms of BD.

Some of the best ones to try include vitamin A, B-1, B-6, B-12, D and E. Medical research shows that these vitamins help to regulate mood, including anxiety and depression. The added benefit is that vitamins, in general, promote good health.


Homeopathy is defined as an unconventional healing intervention, which uses diluted natural supplements to treat certain diseases. It embraces a holistic approach to healing and sources remedies that are already present in nature – from plant and animal life. Though seemingly eccentric, homeopathy has been recognized by the FDA as an effective method for treating various diseases.

Homeopathic therapists first analyze the patient’s mental, physical, and emotional health before recommending therapies. Homeopathic treatments are essentially tailored to the patient’s unique symptoms. For example, Aurum Metallicum and Natrum Sulphuricum are typically prescribed for suicidal thoughts while Ignatia Amara is popular for depression. Belladonna is used for aggressive behavior and Veratrum Album alleviates mania – just to name a few.

The natural medicines prescribed are intended to stimulate healing from within with zero side effects.

Home Remedies

Home remedies to treat bipolar disorderThere are also a few remedies patients can try at home to help maintain a relatively normal life with BD. Some of these home remedies include getting copious amounts of exercise, drinking plenty of water, and eating a balanced diet.

To live a better life with bipolar depression, try:

  • going on a walk with your dog – great for releasing pent up energy;
  • do yoga – a proven way to relieve anxiety and stress. Find lessons online to complete yoga in the comfort of home, or enroll in a nearby class;
  • aerobics – get your blood pumping with pilates or zumba, for example, in order to discharge endorphins, which puts you in a better mood. This energy buster also aids in giving you a better night’s sleep;
  • getting creative – get in touch with your creative side by coloring, drawing, listening to music, or planting a garden.

These activities help give you a brand new outlook on life and are especially useful during manic episodes when energy levels are through the roof.

Beat BD with Natural Supplements

Is it possible to beat BD naturally? Naturopaths believe so and encourage bipolar patients to try natural alternatives, including:

  • ashwagandha – contains sensorial, proven by the university of pittsburgh to enhance cognitive function;
  • brahmi – a herb that doubles up as both a stimulant and sedative;
  • fish oil – contains dha, epa, and omega-3 fatty acids which even out hormonal imbalances;
  • magnesium – is naturally found in dark leafy greens, beans, and nuts and is useful for promoting better sleep;
  • omega-3 – these fatty acids are found naturally in certain fish species and aid in steadying the mood;
  • passion flower – during manic episodes, passion flower helps provide a sense of calm and peace;
  • rhodiola rosea – is known for its stress relieving properties;
  • st. john’s wort – popular in europe, this herb is widely believed to pacify mood swings;
  • valerian root – typically used to relieve feelings of anxiety and insomnia as well as mood disorders.

To ensure BD patients aren’t doing more harm than good, a naturopath or homeopathic therapist should be consulted to get advice what herbs need to be incorporated or removed from the diet.

Ayurvedic Management

Ayurvedic management or medicine is an ancient healing method hailing from India. The practice was established more than 3.000 years ago, and similar to homeopathy, Ayurveda takes a holistic approach to treating varied ailments. While there are no specific directives in the original Ayurveda texts for treating BD, advocates propose using the healing instructions for insanity. The text for insanity states that patients must sustain immunity, strength, and vitality to be healed from within.

Can Weed Help to Cure Bipolar Disorder?

WeedScholars from a few well-known institutions, including Harvard Medical School, Tufts University, and McLean Hospital recently published a study called «Joint Effects: A Pilot Investigation of the Impact of Bipolar Disorder and Marijuana Use on Cognitive Function and Mood».

The findings revealed that bipolar patients experience temporary relief of BD symptoms when they habitually smoke marijuana. A special focus was placed on its positive effects on mood regulation. However, the researchers concluded that more trials were needed and warned that marijuana use can impair cognition. Therefore, potential users must weigh the benefits against the risks.

What Medications Cause BD?

By now we know that there are two sides to bipolar depression. It is also a well-documented phenomenon that antidepressants can cause one version of BD – which is mania. To reduce this risk factor, a mood stabilizer is prescribed with the antidepressant.

Depression medicines aren’t the only drugs that can cause symptoms of BD. Other prescription triggers include thyroid medicines, weight loss medicines, appetite inhibitors, or corticosteroids, for example.

Can Adderall Induce Bipolar Disorder?

Adderall is a stimulant drug used primarily to improve focus and prevent the urge to act on a whim – or low impulse control – all markers of ADHD and ADD.

Can Adderall cause bipolar disorder? According to clinical trials, the answer is yes. Like most stimulants used to manage ADD, these drugs are notorious for inducing manic forms of bipolar disorder.

Medical professionals do not recommend Adderall as the first course of treatment for bipolar disorder. In patients with acute impulse control issues, though, Adderall may be prescribed as a last resort and should always be paired with a mood stabilizer in BD patients.

How to Find the Right Bipolar Disorder Treatment

PhysiatristWhen it comes to finding the right bipolar disorder treatment, there isn’t a magic bullet. Each patient presents symptoms in different ways and every treatment has its own set of pros and cons.

One of the best ways to map out an effective treatment plan for BD is to consult a credible psychiatrist. After a diagnosis, patients can facilitate healing by combining pharmacological prescriptions with some of the safe natural remedies discussed in this article. Be sure to follow all guidelines put forth by your medical provider.

Narcolepsy Treatments

Narcolepsy Treatments

Narcolepsy is a disease that most of us have heard of but very few fully understand. It is one of the worst sleep-related diseases out there and it is relatively rare. Fortunately, there is a number of narcolepsy treatments available on the market.

What Is Narcolepsy?

Narcolepsy is a disease that affects the central nervous system and causes the sufferer to fall asleep easily when the relaxed.

One may have several periods throughout the day where sleepiness is irresistible and they may end up asleep for as much as several minutes.

For some severe cases, naps may occur during day to day activities including mid conversation or in the middle of driving. For this reason, narcoleptics tend to avoid driving or operating heavy machinery.

Narcolepsy treatments


Doctors will diagnose narcolepsy with a combination of symptoms and tests. These are the signs that you should look out for:

  • sudden loss of muscle control;
  • vivid hallucinations;
  • frequest sleep paralysis upon awakening;
  • intense wakefulness in the middle of the night;
  • rem sleep is triggered quickly after falling asleep.

Drugs for Narcolepsy Treatment

Doctors may decide to attack the disease from different angles with a variety of medications within their prescribed narcolepsy medicines. Since narcolepsy tends to be triggered in moments of relaxation, drugs that stimulate the central nervous system may be quite useful.


Since some may not find their cure with standard drugs, they may turn to a holistic treatment. Herbs can be a very powerful medication that is much cheaper than prescription drugs. Some may even find their symptoms relieved by medical marijuana.


Adderall a very powerful amphetamine that increases concentration greatly. This sort of stimulant is very helpful to prevent users from dosing off during important tasks. This drug shows the most amount of positive response from patients but it can have some harsh side effects. Since the drug is highly addictive, you should follow the dosage guidelines strictly.


Provigil is designed to reduce overall sleepiness by altering the chemicals in the brain. Some patients have mixed results with this medication as dosages must be planned carefully. Some may find it to be underwhelming in comparison to Adderall, although it is a better alternative for those who cannot tolerate amphetamines.


Ritalin is effective for increasing the alertness and concentration of narcoleptics so that they do not fall asleep so easily.


Since it is a stimulant, some users may have trouble falling asleep at night due to the intensity of the drug. Ritalin is very effective for a lot of people in combination with other medications. But before using the tablets, consult your doctor to avoid side effects!


Vyvanse is known to be just as powerful as Adderall with fewer side effects for the health of people who suffer from narcolepsy.

A large majority of narcoleptic patients will have positive changes after using this drug. It is also desired because it does not disturb the natural sleep cycle at night time.


Nuvigil aids in keeping the patient awake by stimulating certain parts of the brain. This is one of the few medications that is marketed directly towards narcolepsy patients. The side effects are generally tolerable and certain combinations of medication mat are needed in most patients.


Dexedrine is a stimulant of the nervous system and is typically used for ADHD. Narcolepsy patients will often have a positive effect from this drug without minimal side effects. It can be one of the more expensive options on the market, though.


Xyrem depresses the central nervous system and ends up reducing sleepiness during the daytime. The side effects and drug interactions can be severe, so it is typically not used in many combinations of drugs. It may also alleviate respiratory problems during night time sleep.


This is an antidepressant that may better symptoms of narcoleptics. Mainly can help in cutting nap off during daytime tasks.

Happy manIt also increases the feel-good chemicals in the brain so that you may be more alert in the morning. The application of Wellbutrin may not work for everybody and may need to be taken with a combination of other medications.


Zoloft is one of the most popular antidepressants and it is also helpful for narcoleptics. Zoloft can increase the chemicals in the brain to increase happiness and alertness during the day, although it is not the most common treatment. The main lack is that it can cause insomnia, which can make certain symptoms worse in the morning. There are mixed reviews with the use of this drug, but it is worth trying after a visit to the doctor in charge.


Melatonin is a supplement that can easily and legally be obtained online. This supplement is actually a natural hormone that helps to restore the natural sleep cycle that may be lost for individuals with the disease. It is a very safe supplement to take and it has virtually no harmful side effects. You may also increase your body’s natural melatonin production by going to bed very early and rising before dawn.

Amphetamines for Cure Narcolepsy

Amphetamines are a very powerful class of drug that can treat a wide variety of conditions. Overall, narcoleptics will find the most amount of usefulness with amphetamines than any other class of drugs. Essentially, this makes amphetamines one of the ways to cure narcolepsy as most patients will no longer fall asleep during the day. Unfortunately, amphetamines can be highly addictive and must be given the correct dosage to avoid long-term health problems.

How to Cure Narcolepsy Naturally?

Those that are looking for a natural alternative will have a long road ahead of them, but it is still possible. Finding remedies to reduce stress, increase nighttime sleep, and increasing energy during the day should be your goal. Herbs like Gotu Kola, country mallow or Ginkgo biloba are very helpful. Regular exercise will also be able to correct your sleep cycle in order to prevent further episodes during the day.

Herbs for the treatment of narcolepsy

Homeopathic Treatment

Homeopathic doctors and naturalists go against the grain of the medical industry and administer treatments directly from nature. Typically, they will use herbs like the ones mentioned above along with multiple lifestyle changes. The changing of one’s diet may also be a major component in a prescribed holistic treatment. You should go in for a consultation with a naturalist to find out how to get rid of narcolepsy naturally.

Medical Marijuana

It may be a bit controversial, but medical marijuana can be a viable alternative treatment. The THC in marijuana is able to increase the quality of sleep and thus reducing the tendency to fall asleep during the day. It can also increase the balance of chemicals in the brain that helps a patient feel more alert during the day.

Alternative Treatment

Some of the alternative treatments mentioned above like herbal usage or supplements may be viable methods. Acupuncture is another experimental alternative treatment that may have some benefit to the sufferer of narcolepsy. Some may believe that this disease is subconscious and some people online claim to have treated their condition using hypnotherapy.

Availability Of Treatments

TreatmentNeeds PrescriptionLegal in USA
Medical MarijuanaYes (in some states)No (banned federally)

The treatments above are more or less the entirety of treatments available for the disease. Some people may feel little reaction to any of the treatments and some people may feel completely cured. You should work with your doctor when experimenting with alternative treatment methods so that you can safely fight this disease without the risk of adverse side effects. But do not forget that you can always buy the most effective medicine at a cheap price in an online pharmacy ModafinilXL. And having made an order using bitcoin you will automatically get an additional 35% discount!

Problems with Studying and Concentration

Problems with Studying and Concentration

Look for ways to study and concentrate for long hours? Real tips how to improve your learning skills.

The issue of concentrating well during studying while avoiding everyday distractions is a very complicated one.

Mostly because the world you live in is full of distractions that decrease your concentration and inherently lower your productivity. As a student, you wonder how to focus on studies and how to stay focused continuously.

There are a lot of different options when it comes to helping yourself concentrate better, from relaxation techniques to certain study methods. Ultimately, however, you may have a condition that warrants stronger intervention. For instance, you may suffer from ADHD or narcolepsy and find it hard to focus on anything, or even, to stay awake. This is where effectively drugs such as Modafinil can come in and help you stay focused, thereby fixing your problems with concentration.
Problems with Studying and Concentration

Why Studying Is So Difficult for Me?

Studying demands focus. Sometimes, issues such as anxiety or stress might deflect your attention and make it difficult for you to concentrate on the work you need to do. Usually, these are fleeting problems that go away after the situation that has induced anxiety or stress goes away.

Other times, lack of sleep might be at the root of why you’re tired and having problems focusing. Lastly, you might suffer from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) which means you active focus on too many things at the same time, thereby making it very hard for you to focus on your studies. In such a case, certain drugs like Modafinil and Armodafinil can be an easy fix for you.

Can’t Concentrate on Studies

ConcentrationConcentration is easier when you enjoy what you’re focused on. But sometimes, even enjoyment won’t save you from daydreaming or feeling less attentive to what is happening in the classroom, or in your room when you’re studying. But it isn’t your fault – it might be that you’re easily distracted or feel sleepy all the time.

These issues can lead to you feeling depressed because your memory is bad, and your grades are suffering because you can’t focus on your studies and you routinely underachieve in the majority of your classes. Words don’t make sense on the page or you re-read the same sentence and can’t comprehend what it is you’re reading. This can ruin your self-esteem and prompt a further fall in the quality of both your education and grades. Even worse, all this can induce anxiety which might spiral into depression.

Signs of Bad Memory

The signs of a terrible memory can be both acute and chronic. Maybe you walk into your apartment and can’t remember where you set down the keys, or you get to the store and aren’t sure of what you wanted to buy. These are signs of a bad short term memory.

Even worse is the issue of studying for a test and your mind goes blank as you panic and can’t remember what you studied. All you find is a wall in your head that you can’t get past. Such bad memory might be due to one event, or might be a chronic part of your life.

Tips for Improving Your Concentration

Signs of a bad memory include forgetfulness, and difficulty piecing together information. However, there are many ways to improve memory:

  • Tips for Improving Your Concentrationmake sure you’re hydrated;
  • always get at least 8 hours of sleep a night;
  • eat foods that cover all your nutritional needs;
  • take a multivitamin;
  • exercise regularly;
  • do crossword puzzles or other stimulating games such as Scrabble that keep your mind sharp.

Form Your Study Habits

When and how you study is also very important with regard to how successful your study sessions will be. Studying after a big meal is never great because your body is busy digesting all the food you’ve consumed and you won’t be as focused due to fullness or even feeling sleepy. Studying with coffee also isn’t the best idea due to the short burst of concentration you’ll have, as it only takes 15-45 minutes to reach peak levels until it wears off. It’s better to drink water or juice.

A quiet or soothing workspace is key to productivity and the best way to study. Don’t have distractions like Facebook, Twitter or other forms of social media close by as you’ll be tempted to check them. Turn your phone on silent and turn your laptop to airplane mode for the duration of your study session unless it’s key to your research.

Get into the routine of studying at the same time every day. Even better, go to the library to get away from the distractions of your room. And never forget to reward yourself.

Use the Most Effective Study Methods

Study MethodsThere are study methods that can assist you as you try your best to understand complex information that you might be reading, as well as recall the necessary parts for a final:

  • as you study, write the information down on a separate piece of paper. After, attempt to re-write what you’d written word-for-word to improve memory recall;
  • mouth the core concepts of the information you need to retain as you go about your day, be it while walking, grocery shopping, or even in the shower;
  • write questions down and have a friend ask you, and try your best to reinforce the answers into your brain;
  • join a study group and you can all ask each other questions regarding assignments because they might have insights that you might not;
  • if you have an upcoming test or assignment, go through past exams of the same kind to familiarize yourself with whatever questions you might have to face.

Try to Take Smart Drugs

Smart drugs aren’t a cheat as many would tell you. No, in fact, they’re drugs that allow you to harness the potential of your brain fully through giving you total focus. In certain people, the chemical dopamine might be in lower quantities, which causes a drop in the ability to focus. By taking certain drugs such as Modafinil, the amount of dopamine available is increased to normal levels, thus allowing the brain to work at optimum capacity.

Taking this drug simply fixes the unbalanced chemical in your brain and makes you focus at the rate you were supposed to.

How to Study Hard for Long Hours?

Modafinil TabletsThe issue of how to concentrate is obviously at the fore of your mind. Modafinil will allow you to study for longer periods of time without a drop in concentration, thereby fixing your inability to retain information. Why? Because you’re alert and absorbing what you are reading. Knowing and understanding what you’re reading makes studying more enjoyable and important information easier to memorize.

But it’s always best to break your studying into bits. Trying to cram all the knowledge of multiple pages in 20 minutes before a test is both ineffective and stressful. Create a timetable that has when you’ll study at different intervals throughout the day. Try two hours in the morning, then reward yourself by going to the mall, hanging with your friends or watching an episode of your favorite TV series. Then do another two hours.

Use Modafinil Drugs

DopaminePerhaps you’ve heard of nootropics (smart drugs)? Modafinil is one such drug, medicine that helps by increasing concentration and wakefulness by stopping the recycling of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a reward neurotransmitter which makes us want to repeat actions because it makes us feel good. This is why when you study, every time you learn new information, your brain will reward you.

Modafinil also increases the key neurotransmitters Norepinephrine and Serotonin. Norepinephrine is similar to adrenaline and allows you to be more awake and focused while reading. Serotonin is the neurotransmitter that regulates mood, which allows you feel more relaxed and at ease with what you’re doing.

Modafinil not only increases wakefulness and focus, it increases productivity and makes tasks like computation, reading, and writing much easier through a heightened ability of thought, allowing you to focus on anything. It allows your dedication to your studies to pay off through better grades.

Try Armodafinil Pills

If Modafinil won’t treatment your sleepiness, lack of focus and general malaise, you can try Armodafinil, which is a more powerful form of Modafinil. It works in much the same way as Modafinil, through its actions on key receptors in the brain. It also regulates the amount of dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine in the brain as well. It will help you avoid distractions continuously, fixing the saying “I am not able to study”.

What to takeWhen to takeTime to work (mins)Take with foodPrice per pill
ModafinilMorning before tasks45-60Yes$0.72
ArmodafinilMorning before tasks45-60Yes$2.34

Where to Get Cheap Smart Drugs?

Cheap smart drugs are easily found on the internet at Check our robust collection of meds and you’ll find the solution to any issue or disorder you might have quickly.

Modafinil and Depression

Modafinil and Depression

Can you use Modafinil for treating depression? Does Provigil Cause Depressive Condition? All answers read on this article.

Definition of Depression

Depression, professionally known as major depressive disorder or clinical depression, is a serious mood disorder characterized by mild to severe symptoms including depressed mood, loss of appetite and pleasure in once enjoyed activities, increased fatigue, feelings of worthlessness, guilt, and shame, difficulty concentrating, and thoughts of death or suicide.

For a diagnosis of clinical depression or major depressive disorder, these symptoms must persist for two weeks or more.

One in six people will experience depression at some point in their life, with women being more likely to suffer from the disorder. Depression, contrary to popular belief, is not just having sad feelings. Along with changes in mood, the disorder can manifest physical issues such as fatigue, lack of focus and concentration, and sleep issues like insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive daytime sleepiness).

There are different kinds of depression that have slightly different symptoms or that develop under a set of unique circumstances. Persistent depressive disorder or dysthymia is a type of depression that can last two years or more.

Modafinil and Depression

Perinatal depression is a mood disorder that occurs after a woman gives birth and usually clears within two weeks of delivery. Psychotic depression is depression that is characterized by episodes of psychosis, and Seasonal Affective Disorder is depression that occurs during the winter months when exposure to sunlight is diminished.

Major Symptoms of Depression


There are many symptoms associated with depression, although each individual might not necessarily experience all of them.

A person suffering from depression may suffer from persistent sadness, anxiety, irritability, feelings of hopelessness, loss of interest in hobbies and activities, feeling restless, appetite and/or weight changes, thoughts of death and suicide, aches and pains, headaches, cramps, and digestive problems without another physical cause, decreased energy and fatigue, and difficulty concentrating and making decisions. The last two symptoms are ones that are specifically addressed with the drug Provigil (Modafinil).

What Is Modafinil?

Provigil or Modafinil is an eugeroic drug, a substance that promotes wakefulness. The drug is also considered a nootropic, a substance that improves cognitive functions like executive memory, creativity, and motivation. It’s often referred to casually as a “smart drug” because of its cognitive enhancing abilities. Provigil was approved by the FDA in 1998 to treat excessive daytime sleepiness associated with narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, and shift work sleep disorder. Although Modafinil has never obtained FDA approval for the treatment of depression, anecdotal reports suggest the drug is highly effective as an off-label treatment for the disorder.

Can I Use Provigil (Modafinil) for Depression?


Modafinil isn’t FDA approved for depression but it can be used as an off-label treatment for depressive disorders. The drug is considered relatively safe with a low potential for abuse, but some psychiatrists and doctors might not prescribe it for depression. There are certain scenarios, however, where Modafinil could be effective.


Apathy can be a dominant characteristic of depression and studies have shown that Provigil can significantly reduce this symptom. One study revealed a patient with bipolar disorder saw a drop in her “apathy” rating from 61 to 31 following 16 weeks of treatment.

Atypical Depression

Atypical depression is a subtype of major depressive disorder characterized by increased appetite, weight gain, excessive sleepiness, and marked fatigue. There is evidence that Provigil helps atypical depression by addressing the hypersomnia portion of the disorder and possibly enhance weight loss due to its ability to boost dopamine levels and increase overall energy.

Comorbid Narcolepsy

Since Provigil was approved as a first-line option for use in treating narcolepsy, patients that have depression with comorbid narcolepsy, obstructive sleep apnea, or shift work sleep disorder could be considered good candidates for the drug.

Treatment-Resistant Depression


Refractory forms of depression, or depression that does not respond well to traditional treatments, may also benefit from Provigil. The drug is generally regarded as being safer than most antidepressants with fewer side effects and withdrawal symptoms. The unique mechanism action of Provigil could be very effective in treating those individuals who are resistant to first-line depression medications.

How Provigil Treats Depression

Although the mechanism of action through which Provigil promotes wakefulness is unknown, it is believed to help excessive daytime sleepiness through minor dopamine reuptake inhibition (DRI), increasing histamine in the hypothalamus, and stimulating orexin receptors. It can also slightly increase levels of norepinephrine and serotonin in some regions of the brain. Furthermore, the drug has a unique mechanism that can enhance electronic coupling thereby increasing gamma brain waves which are responsible for perception of reality and the processing of information. In layman’s terms, the medication can promote wakefulness and lift brain fog, i.e. slow psychomotor activity. Modafinil has also been found to have a stabilizing effect on mood.

Two of the primary symptoms of major depression are excessive fatigue and brain fog. Starting in 2000, researchers began to study the effects of Provigil on depression, even though it was not approved for that disorder. Since individuals with depression often complain of chronic fatigue, low energy, and excessive daytime sleepiness, researchers believed that the stimulatory action of Provigil might be an effective treatment for bipolar depression, major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder, and atypical depression.

What Modafinil Dosages Are the Best for Depression?


The majority of people taking Modafinil take the drug in the morning or before they start their shift at work. A single dosage of the drug can help alleviate fatigue and give individuals clarity and focus. The medication comes in two doses, 100 mg and 200 mg. The average recommended dose for Modafinil is 200 mg once a day, although individuals may start on a lower dose, say 25 mg, to find which dosage works best for them. Quantities above 200 mg add no beneficial effects.

Time of day for dosage can vary from person to person but individuals note that the drug can take up to three hours to really kick in, so most patients will take Modafinil in the morning upon waking. Modafinil can be taken with food or on an empty stomach. Individuals report that headaches occur when they’ve taken too much of the drug.

Studies Done on Provigil

In 2000, research was done on seven patients with bipolar depression and major depressive disorder who were not responding to first-line antidepressant treatments. They were given Provigil as an adjunct treatment to their antidepressant in 100 mg and 200 mg doses. All seven patients experienced partial or full remission of their disorder within the first two weeks with minimal side effects.

Provigil 100 mg

Another study in 2004 analyzed the drug in patients with seasonal affective disorder (SAD) or seasonal depression. Individuals who experience this disorder often complain of excessive sleepiness or hypersomnia during seasonal changes, particularly in the winter months. This is usually caused by lack of exposure to sunlight. In this study, 12 patients were given Provigil starting at 100 mg doses which were then increased to 200 mg. In nine of the patients, the drug significantly improved symptoms within one week of treatment and maintained its efficacy through the eight weeks of the trial.

Other studies have been done since then on the efficacy of Provigil in the treatment of depression. In all of the studies, a significant percentage of individuals taking the drug experienced improvement in their depression. Through reviews of these studies, researchers concluded that Provigil’s unique mechanism of action elicited a variety of neural changes that led to its antidepressant effects and it, therefore, was highly effective as an adjunct treatment for depressive disorders.

Why This Drug May Help to Beat Depression?

Provigil was found to be successful in improving cognitive function. The drug is a well-known nootropic, a substance that enhances cognition. Individuals with depression often complain of brain fog or cognitive impairment. It is thought that Provigil works to alleviate this symptom by improving deficiencies in neurotransmitters, correcting abnormal brain wave activity and/or insufficient regional activation. Since improved mental performance can lead to greater confidence in social and work situations, the action of the drug can significantly improve depression.


Another major symptom of depression is feeling under-stimulated. Reduction in central nervous system stimulation can result in a depressed mood and low energy. Provigil works to increase CNS stimulation resulting in improved energy and psychomotor activity. The drug also minimally affects certain neurotransmitters like norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin. Deficiencies in dopamine and serotonin are thought to be factors in major depression, so Provigil’s boosting action of these could lead to improvements in the disorder.

The effects of Provigil (Modafinil) against fatigue compared to other stimulants is outlined in the following table:

RestoringAlertness Duration of ActionSubjectively reported adverse effectsRecovery Sleep adverse effects
Modafinil Effective23No
Amphetamine Effective12Yes
Caffeine Effective31No

A wealth of evidence obtained from clinical trials suggests that Provigil is effective in the treatment of depression. Unlike traditional antidepressants that can take six to eight weeks on average to work, Provigil can produce improvements in cognitive function, motivation, productivity, and energy levels on the very first day. And since the drug’s side effect profile is minimal, many individuals may prefer the drug over existing antidepressants.

Can Modafinil Cause Depression?

While most individuals taking Modafinil report a decrease in depression from the drug, some users have reported that their depression actually increased with use. Although evidence for this is purely anecdotal, some patients have noted that while the drug helped their fatigue, it actually made other symptoms of the disorder, like depressed mood, even worse. Although Modafinil has limited side effects, in certain people it could exacerbate depression.

The drug has been known to increase anxiety, another symptom of major depression, which can lead to a decrease in mood and cognitive function. The long-term effects of Modafinil are relatively unknown. Preliminary evidence suggests that it is safe, but individuals who suffer from anxiety may want to avoid the drug.

Side Effects of Modafinil

Modafinil is thought to be generally safe with limited side effects. Talk to your doctor if you experience any of the following:

Side Effects of Modafinil

  • fast/pounding/irregular heartbeat;
  • fever;
  • nausea;
  • depression;
  • nervousness;
  • diarrhea;
  • dry mouth;
  • upper respiratory tract infection;
  • dizziness;
  • trouble sleeping (insomnia);
  • anxiety;
  • easy bruising or bleeding;
  • chest pain;
  • hallucinations;
  • agitation;
  • headache;
  • mental/mood changes (such as confusion, depression, hallucinations, rare thoughts of suicide).

Where to Buy Modafinil Pills?

Modafinil is a prescription drug that can be purchased from online pharmacy depending on what country the patient is in. There are different versions of the drug by different manufacturers but online purchases are thought to be cheaper than buying the medication in a brick and mortar pharmacy. All online Modafinil is sourced in India but can be purchased through online vendors. Although products offered by e-commerce sites are essentially the same, customers should check to make sure a vendor is reliable before purchasing

Modvigil VS Modalert, Provigil, Adderall

Modafinil is also a stimulant but it does not work in the same fashion as Adderall works. Modafinil increases the patient’s attention span and helps increase the energy of the patient while Adderall is more of a calming agent helping to reduce energy and impulse. This medication promotes both physical and mental alertness and focus. When taken properly Modafinil has been said to heighten the senses but not overwhelm the medical patient, but overall stimulation is lower than Adderall.
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