Oversleeping: Causes, Side Effects & Tips

Oversleeping: Causes, Side Effects & Tips

Sleep is an essential factor for overall health and well-being feelings. How much is actually oversleeping, what does the science say about it, and what are the ways of returning to normal life? The article includes the complete review of the most compelling issues of the day.

Who does not like sleeping? We all do. But what if oversleeping becomes a regular tendency, and getting out of bed and going about your day appear to be a massive problem?

Long sleepers have first-hand knowledge of complete exhaustion, absence of attention, low energy, and memory disorders. These symptoms start to have a quite negative effect on their lives over time.

In order to feel well, a person needs 8 hours of night rest, which is one third of a day and, speaking generally, one third of a life. Today we will speak about the effects which occur when this period is exceeded and the ways of overcoming this problem.

How Much Sleep Is Oversleeping?

The amount of sleep is a generic term which is quite individual and highly depends on age, health, environmental conditions, and other factors. But the average norms still exist. A sleep deficit leads to mental and physical fatigue and is as harmful as excessive sleepiness. Oversleeping is often a signal of various medical issues and health risks.

How much sleep is oversleeping? The table below represents the recommended sleep duration according to the data of National Sleep Foundation.

Age

Recommended, hoursAppropriate, hours

Not recommended, hours

Newborns (0-3 months)14-1711-19< 11

>19

Infants (4-11 months)12-1510-18

<10

> 18

Toddlers (1-2 y.o.)11-149-16< 9

> 16

Preschoolers (3-5 y.o.)10-138-14

< 8

> 14

School-aged children (6-13 y.o.)9-117-12< 7

> 12

Teenagers (14-17 y.o.)8-107-11

<7

>11

Young adults (18-25 y.o.)7-96-11<6

>11

Adults (26-64 y.o.)7-96-10

<6

>10

Seniors (≥65 y.o.)7-85-9

<5

>9

‘Recommended hours’ is the time which is associated with well-being and good health for people of the particular age group. Minor deviations may be appropriate for some individuals. Not recommended hours are not likely conductive for proper rest.

The ideal amount of sleep can be determined individually. Try to experiment on the weekend: go to bed earlier than usual and wake up without an alarm clock. This simple test will help to figure out how many hours your organism needs for rest. Try to keep a sleep diary, recording all sleep-related events and the period of sleep. Resting the same amount every night (in the range of recommended hours) will help you to keep fit, wake up relaxed, and be balanced and fulfilled with energy.

Regular oversleeping is a symptom of medical issues that has serious and negative effects for health. Try to figure out the reasons for the change in ordinary sleep habits and visit a somnologist.
Oversleeping: Causes, Side Effects & Tips

How Is Oversleeping Diagnosed?

Those who constantly feel drowsy during the day should visit a doctor and be checked for hypersomnia or hypersomnolence, the medical definition for oversleeping. It can result from a range of factors: central nervous system injuries, simple over-the-counter remedies, alcohol abuse, depression, and many more.

According to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, hypersomnolence includes narcolepsy, idiopathic hypersomnia, Kleine-Levin syndrome, insufficient sleep syndrome, and hypersomnia due to medical condition, substance, or associated with a psychiatric state.

AnxietyThe first signs of oversleeping are:

  • apathy;
  • irritancy;
  • anxiety;
  • bad appetite;
  • slow thinking;
  • slurred speech;
  • forgetfulness;
  • restlessness.

To diagnose this disorder a clinician should review the symptoms and the person’s records of medical history. Additional tests can significantly help to clarify the diagnosis. These are:

  1. Sleep diary (mentioned above).
  2. Epworth Sleepiness Scale. A very short questionnaire that measures daytime sleepiness and helps to determine the severity of the condition.
  3. Multiple sleep latency test. This method implies monitored naps or night rest in a sleep laboratory. It checks how quickly a patient falls asleep and the progress of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
  4. Wakefulness test. This method helps to determine a patient’s concentration, ability to operate heavy equipment, or the efficacy of certain medical preparations.
  5. Polysomnogram. Night sleep control that examines brain waves, the oxygen level in blood, heartbeat, breathing, and eye and leg movements.

Oversleeping can be a result of physical health disorders. More tests will help to find the root cause:

  • blood tests;
  • computer tomography or magnetic resonance imaging;
  • electroencephalogram.

Excessive daytime sleepiness is a widespread disorder nowadays that has numerous reasons and many therapy options. Timely detection of hypersomnia will help to overcome this disorder successfully and exclude the further development of various physical and mental ailments.

Causes of Oversleeping

OversleepingScientists say that long sleeping is not harmful itself, but it is a signal that a person may be sleeping ineffectively or that another problem exists that steals the person’s energy.

Feeling tired for a prolonged period after an adequate night rest’s is weird. There are numerous causes that lead to excessive sleepiness. Among them are:

  1. Environmental conditions. Sleeping in a room with a temperature too hot or too cold is uncomfortable. Oversleeping or waking up periodically is the natural response of an organism. An inconvenient bed brings more discomfort and decreases the quality of rest.
  2. Habits. Caffeinated drinks in big amounts affect regular regime and inhibit the production of adenosine (a chemical that works to create sleepiness) in the organism. An exhausted body with a sleep debt responds by oversleeping subsequently.
  3. Medical reasons. Long sleeping may be a symptom of numerous ailments, such as diabetes, heart problems, thyroid issues, depression, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
  4. Stress. When a person lives under constant stress, the levels of adrenaline rise up, increasing heart rate, restlessness, and inability to achieve a normal resting state that is required for deep sleep and restoring the energy level.
  5. Alcohol. Those who drink a few alcoholic beverages before sleeping tend to sleep longer. Alcohol impacts the sleep cycles and prevents renewal of the organism for the next day.
  6. Medications’ side effects. Certain prescription or over-the-counter drugs used to treat another disorder may make a person feel dizzy and sleepy all the time.
  7. Recreational drugs. The pleasurable effects are short-lived, but the devastating consequences are not. For instance, cocaine can have a long-term impact on sleep, disrupting circadian rhythms and suppressing crucial REM-sleep in the long term. Cocaine withdrawal may cause oversleeping, too.
  8. Hard workout. Heavy training makes a person exhausted. A physically or mentally active organism creates more adenosine. Post-workout sleep and food is highly suggested.

Thus, the factors which affect sleep cycles are numerous. Analyzing the living style will certainly help in detecting the underlying reason for hypersomnia.

Poor Sleep Schedule

Products containing caffeineA poor sleep schedule is usually created by a number of wrong sleeping habits. If unchanged, inadequate sleep hygiene will degenerate into physical side effects and multiple sleep problems which significantly alter general well-being.

Here is the list of unhealthy sleep habits:

  1. Eating right before bed. Night meals get the stomach acids going, and lying down causes those acids to creep up to the throat. Those who really crave for a late night snack should eat foods rich in minerals, as they promote sleep.
  2. Drinking coffee and smoking. Taken within 3 hours of bedtime, caffeine and nicotine prevent falling asleep. Remember that many other products contain caffeine, too (cola, soda, chocolate, etc.).
  3. Alcohol before bedtime. Some people mistakenly believe that the drowsy effect of alcohol helps a person to fall asleep quicker. Metabolized alcohol affects the sleep cycle and causes nausea.
  4. Using high tech gadgets in bed. TVs, computers, laptops, cell phones, tablets, portable game consoles, and e-readers emit the blue light that steals sleep.
  5. Hitting the snooze button. Keeping communication devices next to yourself and using them as alarm clocks creates a disturbing feeling at night and allows you to hit the snooze button over and over in the morning.
  6. Wrong room temperature. Air that is too hot or too cold prevents you from having a good rest.
  7. Sleep schedule violation. Staying up late and taking naps harm the sleep cycles.

The effects of poor sleep hygiene become visible in many ways during daily life and result in fatigue, overall weakness, depleted motivation, lack of strategy, mood swings, poor decisions, forgetfulness, concentration difficulties, and headache.

Sleep Habits

Daily and evening activities have a major impact on the night’s rest, promoting or reducing sleepiness. Food and drinks, medical preparations, and the daily routine are directly related to the quality of sleep. Healthy sleep habits can help to solve difficultly sleeping, reduce oversleeping, and normalize general well-being. Try to follow these simple steps:

  1. Avoid the wrong sleep habits described above.
  2. Do sports and eat healthy food without alcohol.
  3. Start keeping a sleep journal. Discover a personally ideal sleep time, update the journal with notes on the total period of sleep and its quality, amount of active time, taken meals, used drugs, and other important issues.
  4. Make a schedule: always wake up and go to bed at the same time, including on weekends and vacations. The night rest must contain the number of hours which are necessary for your rest.
  5. Avoid naps after 3 p.m. Naps in the mid-afternoon should not last longer than half an hour.
  6. Go to bed when you are truly tired. If your attempt to fall asleep failed after 15-20 minutes, get out of bed and do relaxing activities (reading, listening to music) until you feel drowsy.
  7. Turn off all electronic devices for at least half an hour before sleep.
  8. Put your alarm clock far away, and that will prevent you from hitting the snooze button. Use a light alarm clock («sunrise clocks»).
  9. Make your morning positive, and manage your day according to the schedule.
  10. Do relaxing and interesting activities in the evening: quiet conversation with a partner, warm bath, reading a book, etc. Avoid computer games and news, as due to their effects brain remains active.
  11. Keep your bedroom dark, cool, and quiet, and use it for rest only. Using a sleep mask to cover the eyes will help you to fall asleep in time.

A healthy lifestyle and a correct day plan normalize the sleep schedule and give enough energy for the new day.

Mental Health

InsomniaWhile the majority of patients with depressive states report insomnia, approximately 15% tend to hypersomnia. Sleep debt and long sleeping are both the symptoms or the underlying causes of numerous mental problems such as depression, manic-depressive illness, ADHD, Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia.

A regular sleep cycle regulates the proper functioning of the nervous system. Famous sayings «The best advice is found on the pillow» or «Consult that with the pillow», and «Sleep on it» are in place for a good reason. Resting positively impacts our cognitive processes and ability to manage our own emotions, indeed because sleep and mood are closely related.

Why are you more tired when you oversleep? Somnologists say that the groggy feeling after exceeding the sleeping norms may be caused by waking up from a later sleep cycle. There are five stages of sleep. The first and second ones are the easiest to wake up from, REM is comparatively more difficult, and the third and fourth stages are the hardest. Those who sleep more hours usually wake up exactly in the two last ones and experience a «sleep hangover».

For the same reasons, short naps are better for renewing the energy level than longer naps. Waking up in later sleep cycle makes a person feel more tired than rested. That is why the preferred nap time is bordered by 30 minutes. Even when a person is deadly tired, the time for a nap should be limited. Any significant deviation from normal sleep patterns can upset the body’s rhythms and increase daytime fatigue.

A proper amount of rest is as important for mental health as mental health is for proper rest. This connection is mutually involved and vital. It’s no coincidence that the majority of people who have mental disorders also suffer from sleeping problems, and vice versa — having a sleep-related problem can put you on the edge and seriously unravel your mental and emotional well-being. Scientists have been conducting research and trying to figure out how exactly it all connects.

Physical Illnesses

DiabetesScientists are certain that individuals who exceed daily sleeping norms generally have worse health. Approximately 30% of adults in the US belong to the «long sleepers» group, and these are primarily seniors. It’s not yet fully understood if oversleeping is a sign of a disease or if it can make a person sick. The preponderating opinion is that long sleep is an indicator for underlying illnesses.

Oversleeping is as damaging as sleep deprivation. What happens when you oversleep? Here are several problems that chronic long sleepers might face:

  1. The risks of heart diseases, stroke, and early deaths. People with sleep disorders are more at risk for development of angina and ischemic heart disease.
  2. Weight gain. Hypersomnolence itself does not necessarily cause weight gain, but in combination with other physical illnesses it may lead to this result.
  3. Diabetes developing. People with sleep disorders are more vulnerable to the development of the pre-diabetic state of hyperglycemia (impaired glucose intolerance).
  4. Problems with brain functioning. The irregularities in the body’s sleep clock disrupt the important processes in the brain.
  5. Increased inflammation processes. Inflammation in the organism is determined by the c-reactive protein level. According to scientific data, it is significantly higher in oversleepers.
  6. Enhanced pain. Back pain and headaches worsen from an activity deficit and lying down most of the time.
  7. Fertility problems. Moderate-sleeping females have higher pregnancy rates. Obviously due to hormonal changes and circadian rhythm affection, long-sleeping females have lower pregnancy rates.

Thusly, long sleeping might be indicative of certain problems. Healthy people usually need less rest while unhealthy ones tend to need more due to known or undiagnosed illnesses. Sleep science researchers continue exploring the causes, effects, and relationships between hypersomnia and health.

Side Effects of Oversleeping

Endocrine systemOversleepers may experience numerous side effects because their organisms struggle to sync up with the right time. The main reason for the most negative health changes during oversleeping is an interrupted circadian rhythm.

Human’s biological rhythms are in motion daily; it is a natural way of organism’s adaptation. All physiological and biological processes are managed within a 24-hour circadian clock. Circadian rhythms allow organisms to anticipate, rather than react to, daily changes in the external environment and to synchronize the behavioral and physiological activities to predictable environmental changes in order to optimize energy utilization, reproduction, and survival. These cycles are affected by light and energy contribution; thusly, resting, awakening, and the time and type of consumed food directly impact this tedious circle.

Disruptions can drastically change the system and, subsequently, the body’s reactions, impairing the natural processes. Since the endocrine system of the body responds to the hormones releasing and operates in biological rhythm, the metabolic disorders explode when the circadian rhythm is disrupted.

Biological rhythms can be affected by numerous factors, including oversleeping. This does not mean that every cell is on the same clock, but each one takes part in coordinating the metabolic processes in the cycle. Some cellular processes occur at different times; therefore, the body must optimize energy levels for sleep and wake cycles and dispart the energy for periods of activity and inactivity.

It is scientifically proven that internal clock disruption leads to metabolic imbalance. Setting and maintaining a steady circadian rhythm are vital for healthy metabolic processes in the organism and general well-being.

Physical Effects

Immune systemThe internal clock is directly related to cell regeneration, which is vital for immunity, hormonal production, and proper work of all organs.

Sleep and the circadian system are strong regulators of immunological processes. The basis of this influence is a bidirectional cooperation between the central nervous and the immune system which is mediated by transported signals (neurotransmitters, hormones, and cytokines) and direct innervation of the immune system by the autonomic nervous system.

Upsetting the whole system makes an organism to play catch up. It provokes a chronic low-grade inflammation and produces an immunodeficiency, which both have detrimental effects on health.

In combination with other dangers (alcohol consumption, poor ration, inertness, smoking, sitting position more than 7 hours), regular oversleeping increases the risk of death.

Oversleeping can cause fluid to accumulate around the face, bringing about those unsightly under-eye bags, and signs of aging, like wrinkles and fine lines.

Psychological Effects

Brain fog

Oversleeping often causes a groggy feeling (sometimes called «sleep drunkenness»). The fuzzy-headed condition between full-on sleep and alert wakefulness is characterized by slow cognitive functioning, headaches, and brain fog.

The mood of a person who woke up at midday cannot be good due to understanding that morning plans have failed. Tiredness and anger complement the impartial picture. A person feels deadly tired and realizes that tomorrow more rest is needed. It is a vicious circle which inevitably leads to depression. The only one was out is controlling this nasty habit.

American researchers found that people who exceeded the sleep norms are increasingly at risk to develop Alzheimer’s or other forms of dementia over the next 10 years.

How to Not Oversleep – Tips for Better Sleep

Tips for better sleepMost people find it hard to wake up in the morning. Here are several useful and really working tips how to not oversleep and do the important things you need to during the day:

  1. Follow a sleep schedule. The organism is an accurate mechanism, especially when it comes to regime. We simply get used to doing the same thing at the exact same time. Getting up and going to sleep at the same time will make your organism wake up even without an alarm clock.
  2. Keep in mind that one sleep cycle lasts about 90 minutes. That will help you to plan the amount of sleep and wake up before the next sleep phase starts. Waking up in the middle of a cycle may cause drowsiness in the morning.
  3. Regulate light and darkness. Light is a signal for waking up. It prevents the production of the sleep hormone, melatonin, setting up an alert mode in the organism. Darkness, on the other hand, promotes a sleepy condition. When you go to bed, turn off all sources of light. In the morning, open the curtains, use a light box, and go outside.
  4. Do morning exercises. These give energy for the new day. Sport training is not suggested in the 3 hours before bedtime, as it excites the organism and complicates falling asleep.
  5. Read a book when you go to bed. Reading is useful not only for children, but it improves sleeping in adults, too, by clearing the mind and providing more rest.
  6. Reduce naps during the day. They disrupt the night sleep schedule and complicate the falling asleep process. If a nap is unavoidable, limit it to 20 minutes.
  7. Control temperature in the bedroom. 18 °C is the perfect temperature for a good night rest. When a person is tired, the body temperature drops, then climbs again in the morning when it’s time to get up. A safe room temperature is especially important during the hot summer period.

As soon as these simple steps become your usual daily routine, problems with falling asleep will disappear. Falling asleep will turn into pleasurable ritual and a night’s sleep will become the time for the body’s regeneration.

Change the Way You Feel About Sleep

Oversleeping, along with other markers such as angriness, irritancy, or physical pain without underlying cause, are each a sign of depression. This mental disorder also includes loneliness, lack of social support, and stressful life experiences. Negative thoughts can impact a lot more than just how we present ourselves during the daytime. For this reason, some people suffer from insomnia while others oversleep.

Hypnotherapists say that the human brain is programmed at childhood and further development in adulthood simply does not happen. «A born worrier» accepts the belief that there is nothing that can be done to change the programming in the brain. Negative thoughts can cause stress, complicating sleep and carrying over throughout the day.

Positive thinkingBeing aware of what is happening and clearly realizing the thoughts are the keys in detecting subconscious negative sleep thought patterns.

The subconscious mind is a powerful thing. Oversleepers may often have the following types of thoughts:

  • “I am weak to struggle with oversleeping”;
  • “I can not perform well the new day tasks”;
  • “I differ from other people for the worse”.

To overcome negative sleep thoughts, controlling your thinking is necessary. An inability to correct your schedule and possible related problems should not be assumed as a fact. Self-persuasion to throw bad thoughts out of your mind will not bring results, either. Self-analysis, keeping the mind and body active and positive can be helpful.

Nobody is born worrying, as we are born in positive frames of mind. Neuroscience has found that any person can rewire his own brain and does not need to stay stuck in the negative mindset. It is directly related to sleep. When the bad thoughts pop up, try behavioral exercises to take the negative power away. Encourage yourself that sleep is a pleasant but limited period for restoring strengths and making your future day.

Create Your Day Plan

A person who has too much time and not enough to do in it hardly exists. Most people start a day without consideration, thinking they are going to get all their things done. Creating a strategy or a simple «to do list» is vital for a successful and productive day.

A day plan does not take much time. Spend just a few minutes to create your day schedule and see the benefits. Here are a few helpful tips:

  1. Start your day by deciding which goals you can accomplish today. Thinking realistically without overloading yourself will bring satisfaction, a feeling of being productive and successful at the end of a day. Do the hardest and most important tasks in the morning. Determine exactly when and where you are going to do each particular task. If it is not important, cross it off your plan.
  2. Set your device to ring every hour. After the signal, look at the list and compare if your real productivity matches your plan. Recommit further tasks and time if needed. The most important thing is to realize that you manage hours, not the hours manage you.
  3. Review your day in the evening and estimate the results, making preliminary outlines for tomorrow. In case, you have not done all planned tasks, do not be upset, but analyze instead: where did you get distracted and what can you do to be more productive tomorrow.

As soon as creating daily plan becomes your daily ritual, the positive outcomes will come shortly. Working wisely, consistently, and deliberately toward the goals, and doing the same things daily is a simple and effective way to streamline your life. Oversleeping will be defeated for no other reason than the fact that living a rich and fulfilling life is more interesting.

Make a Strong Sleep Schedule

Plan for the dayConsistency is the most important issue in sleep hygiene. This means going to bed and waking up at the same time in order to receive a sufficient amount of rest, reducing sleep deprivation and sleep deficits. This routine regularizes our life and warns us of the stress consequences. Setting a regular bedtime and following it daily are extra important for sufficient rest. Here are a few useful recommendations:

  • contemplate your morning tasks: what needs to be done and how much time does it take;
  • determine the wake time that allows doing morning tasks without haste (usually it takes less than an hour);
  • count back 7-8 hours from waking time, that is your rest period;
  • add one more hour for preparing to sleep.

Make a Strong Sleep Schedule

Allow yourself time to get used to and feel comfortable with this schedule. Possibly, it may take some time to adapt to it. Stay patient, and it will become very easy after a while and will feel absolutely natural. Reinforcing the work of biological clocks will help to correct the circadian rhythm and keep sleep and wakefulness balanced.

Most people assume weekends to be for complete relaxation. Ignoring your sleep schedule even for two days off unsettles you, crashing the results which were achieved during the working week and making it harder to reach them again. Slight changes (less than an hour) are not a big problem, but a weekend sleep schedule that significantly differs from the working week one is not recommended.

All this information may seem difficult to perform at first sight, but as soon as you give a try, you will be surprised how quickly and easily the new sleep schedule will become an integral part of your life.

Optimize Your Wake Up Habits

MeditateChecking the weather forecast, your email, and social media is the worst morning habit. Optimizing wake up habits is a clue to a successful and productive day. How to feel better in the morning? Try the very simple plan offered below and see the difference:

  1. Wake up as early as possible but not to the detriment of the sleep schedule.
  2. Meditation. It is a perfect way to transition from the sleep phase into wakefulness.
  3. Fill in your sleep journal.
  4. Be positive; a good mood is a clue factor for a successful day;
  5. Drinking water helps to prevent dehydration, enhances metabolism, eliminates the toxins, and boosts the brain work. Adding a few drops of lemon juice into the water helps to flush out the toxins.
  6. Drink hot energy drinks. Green tea is better than coffee and also includes caffeine.
  7. Have a healthy breakfast before your morning exercises. That will prevent weakness during training and hunger feelings afterwards. A glass of fresh juice or a piece of fruit can optimally benefit the nutrients. Do not delay too much with having breakfast. The longer you wait, the bigger meal you will eat later. Have breakfast with your family, as it will positively impact your health, family relationship, connections, and communication throughout the day.
  8. Go outside, enjoy breathing the fresh morning air, and keep a positive outlook.
  9. Have a morning walk and exercise at least 20 minutes.
  10. Have a shower. Cleaning helps to decrease stress.
  11. Make a to do list and move forward to your success.
  12. Music perfectly cheers you up. Turn on U2’s song «Beautiful Day», for instance.
  13. Get dressed and look stylish. Appearance also requires time in the morning but the result will inspire you to have a great day.

Do your best to spend no more than an hour on all of these morning things.

Your personal morning plan may differ from the one offered above according to your personal preferences, but it should be a complex of things that will definitely wake you up, raise your mood, and inspire you for wonderful achievements. It is possible to start adding healthy habits one by one progressively, working on it for 6-8 weeks until they become automatic.

Get Motivation to Stop Oversleeping

MotivationReading numerous recommendations, using a million must-do applications, and promoting yourself as being more productive might be useless, which is all because of laziness.

Many people consider themselves lazy because relaxing takes a lot of their time, and they do not have enough energy to finish the projects that have been on their agendas. To cure laziness, it is necessary to detect its real cause. These may include:

  1. Lack of self-discipline. If your schedule is tight but there remain many things undone, you may need a willpower booster.
  2. High expectations. These happen when a person wants to do everything at once. Overloading yourself leads to failed plans and feelings of being weak or incapable of finishing the started project. A person should slow down, analyze his own capacity in more realistic way, and replan the day schedule.
  3. Lack of motivation. When a person spends more time on leisure activities while the day schedule is almost empty, it means that motivation is not enough. The problems may range from not knowing what to do with life to depression.

Depending on the cause, the struggle with laziness may vary. A person should detect the exact reason of weakness and choose a plan to correct the situation.

Unfortunately, one of the most common reasons for laziness is loathing a job. This mindset may have a drastic effect on how much is done. The best solution is analyzing what a person really wants to do in life. As the wise saying goes, choose the job you love and you will never have to work a day in your life. A «soul mate» job is usually enjoyable and rewarding. If you regularly contact people who hate their job, limit your interaction with them as cynical attitudes are not beneficial for your own productivity.

Try to write a list of benefits for doing your work and estimate them. No one can make you love the work. If you feel miserable about it, counter your own thoughts and think about changing the job. The challenge may bring new emotions and an unexpected upturn in productivity, success, and emotional state subsequently.

Reduce Sleep Time Gradually

Decrease in sleep timeHow to stop oversleeping? Sticking to the new schedule may be uneasy at the beginning. To facilitate this task, gradually reduce sleep by 5-10 minutes for several days (you can go to bed later or wake up earlier). As soon as you get used to it, reduce the sleep further by half an hour, then an hour within a couple of weeks. It is a useful and working method to decrease the period of rest without heavy stress for the organism.

It is highly likely that long sleepers may experience fatigue during the first few weeks of a new schedule. Keep calm. The organism should adapt to less sleep. Eating healthy foods and exercising can help to overcome weakness and additionally make the night rest better.

When decreasing the sleep hours, remember the recommended hours which are vital for every human to function well (this is not less than 6 hours). Micro-sleeping leads to sleep debts and is risky for your health. Sleep deprivations cause severe weaknesses and reduce the ability to remain productive during the day. Zombifying and forcing yourself to adapt to a new schedule in the shortest terms is strictly prohibited.

The Harvard Business Review suggests that early risers who wake up at 4-5 A.M. tend to be more active and successful at work. Controlling the morning without haste gives an opportunity for doing many pleasurable activities which inspire for a good day (meditation, running, shower, etc.). In contrast to this, waking up at the last minute means no control, stress, and rush. Subsequently, the rest of the day will have the same style. Larks have more willpower to apply to all areas of life.

On the principle of gradual sleep time reducing, the waking time for larks should be slowly (15 minutes a week) moved forward, as it will allow adapting to the new waking time. If you really decide to be an early riser, do not mess up the schedule for at least 28 days. Sleeping past your alarm clock makes it harder to wake up on time the next morning which weakens the habit you are trying to create.

Boost Your Physical and Mental Energy

Staying alive is pretty difficult when the responsibilities in a present day are overwhelming. Most of us are energetic periodically, and the duties and stressful factors take away a lot of energy, leaving a person completely exhausted. This is not only about calories and joules, a person just wants to feel good.

Mental energyThere are numerous activities that help to conserve energy, making a tremendous effect on its levels without supplements, crazy training, or exotic diets. Healthy eating, drinking a lot of water, sticking to the evening and morning schedule, and exercising are doubtlessly beneficial, but experienced practitioners suggest more rituals for boosting physical and mental energy:

  1. Become self-aware. Notice how irritating daily events potentially affect you. Detecting the draining factors helps to control your energy levels.
  2. Meditate. Stress depletes the energy, and meditation restores it, by calming the mind down, to a controllable state. Sessions twice a day provide significant relief. Sessions of longer durations (30-45 minutes) are more effective than short ones (10-15 minutes).
  3. Repress strong emotions. Fear, anger, sadness, and other strong emotions have a powerful energy that make people spin out of control. We cannot avoid these feelings completely, but becoming more mindful can stop them when they start. Practicing mindfulness and having a high tolerance for stress is beneficial for good feelings and relations with relatives and colleagues.
  4. Cultivate understanding and give compassion to strangers. Little annoyances should not affect your mental and physical health. Someone might have cut you off on the freeway unintentionally, but do not consider everyone as an enemy.
  5. Take a minute to stop for a while. Working in panic mode drains you mentally, leads to headaches and short breath, and steals physical energy. Allowing yourself some breaks prevents physical and mental exhaustion. Remain peaceful and enjoy your life in any situation.

These recommendations are useful for everyone who works a lot, has a lot of responsibilities, and wants to control his own life. The reasonable use of daily energy given by nature can make wonderful changes in the quality of life. Efficient energy usage makes all the difference in day-to-day life, not only in work productivity, but also in maintaining peaceful conditions and enjoying life.

How Can I Treat Oversleeping?

Medical consultationAll methods described above have obvious disadvantages: they all require strict discipline and may appear ineffective eventually. If you have already lost hope and do not know how to deal with oversleeping, try medications. Modafinil (Provigil) is an analeptic drug which is used for the treatment of oversleeping related to narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and other sleep disorders which effectively improve wakefulness. It has been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of sleep disorders.

Originally designed in 1976, modafinil has been tailored to cut off excessive sleep by altering certain neurotransmitters, increasing the availability of dopamine, histamine, serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Modafinil is effective for correcting the shift duties at work, as well as enhancing memory, motivation, and the ability to focus. Effects can vary greatly in accordance with a taken dosage. The drug got the name «smart» because it can also treat fatigue and lack of sleep. It is widely used in the British and American military to keep soldiers awake and functioning at high levels for up to 40 hours at a time.

The supplement provides a much cleaner energy boost than caffeine and amphetamine-type stimulants. Unlike stimulants that target the nervous system and increase psychomotor activity, modafinil possesses a much smoother action, targeting only neurotransmitters and the receptors in the brain. As a result, focus and concentration are reached without physical and mental hyperactivity that may appear after using other stimulants.

Modafinil is a prescription drug which requires a medical recommendation. From our online chemists, you can purchase modafinil and other «smart drugs» without a medication order. Find out about its uses, effects, benefits, and side effects in the products catalog. Before starting the treatment course, receive a proper medical consultation, and discuss with a doctor the side effects and their severity.

Save yourself from oversleeping with nootropics!

Stress and Sleep

Stress and Sleep

In this article we will speak about the connection between sleep and stress and how the second one may worsen or even ruin the life of a stressed one. A good night rest is as important for organism as healthy food. Therefore, do not ignore sleepless nights. It’s very important to notice stressful condition at early stage and take effective steps to improve the condition.

Sleep impacts on health and general well-being of every person. Stress affects life of everyone daily to a greater or lesser extent. Managing sleep and stress is important for health, happiness and quality of life.

Unfortunately it appears to be problematic for many people. The vast majority of adults have trouble sleeping at least once in seven days, more than half a few times. Therefore, this problem is widely spread and worthy of attention.

What Are Symptoms and Signs of Stress?

Physical and emotional disorganization leads straightforward to stress. This condition includes gloominess, disturbance, heart attack, stroke, blood pressure drops, weak immune system resistance and autoimmune illnesses. Stress manifestations include dermatological, digestion, neurological problems. In a word, it is difficult to say which part of human life stress does not affect indeed. It affects people of any age, record level of stress found in college students.

Stress Diagram

Stress diagramThe most common symptoms of stress are represented in the table.

Body

MindEmotionsBehavior

Frequent migraines

Sleeplessness

Depleted state

Inadequacy

Bruxism (teeth grinding)

Tumultuous dreamsOver fatigueGambling

Lips trembling

Panic attacksExcessive irritancy

Impulse shopping

Jaw, fists clenchingDifficulties in accepting new informationUneasiness

Balbuties

Hands shaking

Problematic concentration

Quick mood changes

Alcohol drinking
VomitingAbsent-minded thinkingFidgeting

Drug usage, including over-the-counter ones

Stomach disorders

Incapacity or trouble in making decisionsTapping the floorExcessive smoking
ThirstCommit suicide thoughtsGrief feeling

Sleepwalking

Heartburn

MistrustfulnessUselessness sensationDefensive behavior
Swallowing troublesAbsent interest to own appearanceReduced sexual desire

Getting into ludicrous situations or minor accidents

Rash

Difficulties in communicationFrequent cryingProneness to conflict
BurpingHem and hawOverloaded feeling

Low working ability

Hard breathing

Inhibited thinkingEmotional outlet of anger or fearFibs, justifying for bad work

Fast pulse

ObliviousnessEmbarrassmentLoss of appetite or overweight
Frequent passage of urineShaft visionCynical humor

Bad driving

Weight changes

Aboulia (lack of will or initiative)Social isolation

Shaky voice

How Does Stress Affect Your Sleep?

Stress and sleep are directly related. A stressed person can not have a good rest because of the disturbance feeling which prevents to relax and calm thoughts down. Chronic stress makes rest almost impossible kicks out the daily regime.

Many chemical processes happen in organism when a person can’t sleep. Body is boosting high levels of stress hormones (cortisol, norepinephrine, adrenaline). Without a proper rest the hormones level is enlarging. As a result, the next day a person feels even more exhausted. In this state it is much more difficult to fall asleep. The pick of stress hormones activity comes for afternoon and evening, just when the body is usually relaxing.

The more drained a stressed person feels, the less he/she is able to concentrate on working, life activity, relations with family and friends. Sleep deprivation causes significant worsening of life.

Prolonged stressful conditions lead to physical health problems. Therefore, it is very important to care of a good night rest. Today there are many methods which help to relax, throw worrying thoughts away and calm mind down.
Stress and Sleep

The Sleep-Stress Cycle

Why people get stressed? Problems, difficult decisions, money, too many plans to do… No matter what the reason is, these thoughts rob sleeping time. The vicious sleep-stress cycle has begun. A stressed person does not have a proper night rest, the next day he/she feels even more tired and suffers from sleepless nights again.

Statistics report that people who sleep 5-7 hours every night are under potential stress attack (25.8%) than those who sleep 8 hours (6.5%). The sleep-stress cycle is a result of psychological and biological processes. Absence of good rest complicates concentration on important things during active part worsening stress condition. Also, bad night rest includes more stress hormones. As a result, less hormone-quieting chemicals are produced.

5 Ways Stress That Wreck Your Sleep

StressEveryone collapses with stress in a particular period of life. There are 5 ways stress that affect our sleep and health respectively:

  1. Psychologically strained condition prevents to have a rest that amount of hours which is enough for humans health. About half of stressed people awake at night, other half has troubles in the morning after torturous toss and turns and poor sleeping. The quantity of hours which are necessary for human’s organism recovery is quite individual. The aggregate figure is 7-9 hours, though scientific researches say that Americans would be healthier and happier if extra 1-1,5 hour would be added to rest time every night. A stressed person’s mind is too busy, therefore effective rest becomes unreal.
  2. Even if a stressed one falls asleep at night, those lucky hours do not bring recovery, because the quality of sleep is very low.
  3. Stress rises insomnia risk. Frequent sleepless conditions attack night rest entirely in 19% of cases. Each irritating factor rises up insomnia possibility.
  4. Brain never stops working. Normally, the nervous system turns a calmer regime at night, but not for a stress sufferer. The brain of over worried person remains hyperactive, keeping a person awaken all the time.
  5. A sufferer appears in vicious cycle: a person suffers from sleeplessness because of stress, then lack of rest makes him even more exhausted.

Tips for Managing Stress for Better Sleep

There are a few simple methods which might help you to overcome sleeplessness and calm mind down. Try one of those listed below:

  1. Good sleepAromatherapy. Scientists make sure that herbal aromas are being a helpful remedy in insomnia cases and perfectly relax the body.
  2. Drink herbal teas. Mint, lavender, marjoram, daisy or mix of herbs are very helpful for relaxation. Soft taste of herbs calms down body and mind and prepares organism to rest.
  3. Have a herbal bath. Herbals have unique relaxing features. Adding herbal infusion to warm bath helps to relax and abstract of negative thoughts.
  4. Practice relaxation techniques like yoga or meditation. Use deep breaths. Calming music enhances the effect, relaxes mind. Use hypnosis for stress management.
  5. Visit massage therapist. Those who know a few China methods of self-massage should not miss a chance to try it.
  6. Put thoughts in order. Try to write all negative ones on a sheet of paper and then throw it away or cut. Clean your mind completely.
  7. Train your consciousness. Imagine a beautiful landscape or remember the most pleasant moment in your life and concentrate on this picture. Do not let other thoughts attack your delight. Just enjoy the moment, give attention to details (sound of the ocean, laugh of a child, birds singing etc).

If all those methods do not help, think of using somnologist or psychiatric. Possibly the problem is much more serious than you might think.

Can Over-the-Counter Medications Help?

How to reduce stress independently? Unfortunately, there are no any non-prescription anxiety medical preparation. It is explained by affecting patient’s brain chemistry. This is a serious matter which can not happen without doctor’s control. It should be noted that light symptoms of disturbance still can be treated by over-the counter preparations, though consultation with a medical representative is still recommended. The example of safe remedies is represented below for awareness.

Over-the-Counter Medications

Effect

Passiflora incarnata (passion flower)

All plant parts are used for preparing of tea or infusions separately or in the mix with other herbs. For easy usage infusions should be poured to non alcoholic liquids. The plant helps to struggle with sleeplessness and insomnia. It is absolutely safe, efficient and can be used even for children.

Valeriana offiinalis (valerian root)

The root is used for preparing tea. Due to its bitter taste it is much more convenient to take the remedy in pills. The gel capsules are better for quick absorption. Valeriana makes sedative effect, successfully struggles with sleeplessness and nervousness. It does not have side effects, though combining it with other herbs of identical purpose is not suggested.

Hypericum Perforatum (St. John’s wort)

Its effect is similar to prescription drug Prozac. It exists in pills, dry substances match for making tea or infusion. St. John’s wort is known for its sedative and antidepressant effect and widely used for treatment of depressive disorder (light form) and anxiousness. It is safe and can be taken by kids and teenagers. The plant interacts with several groups of prescription drugs, so doctor’s consultation before the usage is recommended.

Withania Somnifera (winter cherry)

Indian addition is being sold in pills. It is used for treatment of depressive and anxious states and has no adverse symptoms. The remedy is not recommended for pregnant or nursing ladies and those who use monoamine oxidase inhibitors.

5-Hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP)

This is amino acid which exists in particular products (turkey, milk, pumpkin). During metabolization in the human organism it turns into the chemical tryptophan which increases producing of serotonin and melatonin in the brain cells. Both hormones respond for psyche stabilizing. 5-HTP is available in capsules which should be a part of daily food ration. Side effects are absent.

Ascorbic acid (vitamin C)

It is a well-known immune response modifier which naturally exists in fresh fruits and berries. Statistics had shown that a lack of this vitamin causes mind diseases and anxiousness. It is sold in form of pills and liquid. Is absolutely safe for usage and has minimal risk of overdosing.

Magnesium

One of necessary minerals is available in pills and is being a constant compound of multivitamins. It increases mental function.

Zinc

The mineral which exists in food, but also comes in medical forms (pills, vitamins). It is needed for processing other ferments. Medical consultation before the usage is necessary, because overdosing makes a harmful effect which manifests in problematic minerals and vitamins absorption.

Vitamin B complex

It is available in pill forms which are useful for body functioning. Its lack is related to such conditions as manic-depressive illness, depressive disorder. Vitamin B complex successfully treats mental illness in combination with magnesium and zinc vitamin C.

Our online chemists ModafinilXL offers such effective drugs as Waklert, Nuvigil (the active ingredient of which is Armodafinil), Provigil (Modafinil). Nootropics help to avoid stress, calm down, organize your activity and rest correctly.

Professional helpThe newest pharmacological innovations are directed to struggle with depression, enhancing life energy, perfect mood and concentration. Psychostimulants are very popular nowadays among students, work addicted, businessmen and just fly-by-night guys. Try a new easy solution and forget about sleepless, depression and bad life.

When Do I Need Professional Help?

Difficult form of stress turn into serious diseases (like sleep apnea, sleep paralysis). Such conditions demand professional help. Do not experiment with your health. Hard headaches, vomiting, syncope are serious stress manifestations. Visit specialists immediately if any serious signs of disease occurred.

Hypersomnia Definition and Types

Hypersomnia Definition and Types

Hypersomnia is an enfeebling neurological disease that causes people to sleep enormously, yet still be zealous for more rest. This illness ruins carrier, life and family relations. The symptoms appear at puberal growth stage, but it often takes a decade for new patients to be diagnosed.

The researches about what is hypersomnia and its performance go on and kindle scientists interest. There are numerous medical works about what is idiopathic hypersomnia, but even more researches should be done in futurity.

The ailment holds many secrets, though many facts are evident.

What Is Hypersomnia (Excessive Sleepiness)?

Hypersomnia (hypersomnolence) is defined as a state of excessive sleepiness (more than 10 hours in a day) or incapacity to feel refection that sleep normally imparts. Chronic patients sleep up to 18 hours but they still feel fatigue after waking up. Disorder has been developing sluggish over a long period. It may be accompanied by mental disorders like ADD.

Hypersomniacs may catch forty winks several times during the day if they feel tiredness. Other concomitant symptoms are:

  • disturbance;
  • impatience;
  • lack of energy;
  • excitation;
  • heavy mind;
  • delayed speech;
  • anorexia;
  • pseudesthesia;
  • poor memory;
  • sluggishness.

The symptoms may be severe enough and affect sufferer’s carrier, social and family life.

Hypersomnia Definition and TypesEpworth Sleepiness Scale

The Epworth Sleepiness Scale is meant to be used to measure rates of day sleep. Index 18 and more means that an enrolled is very sleepy. 10-18 implies observed sleep. Improving sleep regimen and visiting somnologist is highly suggested. The scale results should be discussed with a personal medical adviser.

Estimation should be done by totaling the numbers which suit most to usual habits:

  • 0 = never sleep;
  • 1 = small chance to nap;
  • 2 = average possibility to rest;
  • 3 = high expectations to fall asleep.

The Test:

Surrounding and types of activity

Probability to fall asleep

Book reading

TV Viewing

City places of rest

Being a passenger in a car an hour and more

Daytime rest

Chatting to anyone

Quietness after meals without alcohol

While driving in traffic jam

Scoring

Epworth Sleepiness Scale level

Hypersomnia Types

HypersomniaThere are several types of sleeping disorder which both have one common feature: redundant sleep. Main hypersomnia types are primary and secondary:

  1. Primary hypersomnia (idiopathic hypersomnia) is quite rare. Patient may sleep well at night, but in daytime deadly tiredness is re-asserting itself. Idiopathic hypersomnia sufferers sleep 10-21 hours daily and such regime lasts years along. Patient is:
  • uncontrollable;
  • bad-tempered;
  • furious;
  • falls back and sleeps again;
  • suffers from headache and lack of concentration;
  • climbs the walls;
  • behaves inadequately.

The symptoms last up to 4 hours from waking up in the morning or after a nap and are named «sleep drunkenness». After that a sick one succumbs to the intense sleeping over again. Narcolepsy, Kleine-Levin syndrome are in the list of idiopathic hypersomnia diseases. The reason of most ones is unbeaten, the illnesses require further researches. Primary hypersomnia in sign of diabetes is rarely reported.

  1. Secondary hypersomnia is a concomitant sign of other diseases. Patients may feel constant sleepiness in acute stadium, though later the symptoms may change. They often live a usual life, even suffer from insomnia sometimes. The conditions which cause secondary hypersomnia are commonly connected with following illnesses:
  • kidney;
  • liver;
  • blood-vascular;
  • hormonal;
  • neurologic;
  • metabolical;
  • psychologic;
  • encephalomeningitis.

This type of hypersomnia does not require medical treatment unlike the symptoms of primary hypersomnolence. It goes away by itself.

Chronic Form

NarcolepsyChronic form is descriptive of at least 90 days of excess daytime drowsiness. It includes multitudinous etiologies and has been expected by International Classification of Sleep Disorders. It subsumes such widespread neurological illnesses as:

  • narcolepsy with sudden loss of muscle tone or without it;
  • primary hypersomnolence (constant);
  • recurrent primary hypersomnia (with protracted sleeping periods up to several days which relapse once a year or more);
  • ISS (behaviorally-induced insufficient sleep syndrome);
  • secondary hypersomnolence;
  • hypersomnia called by drugs usage;
  • SDB (sleep disordered breathing);
  • periodic limb moving movement disorders;
  • other unknown physiologic states.

The etiology is significant for diagnosing and clarifying the syndromes. Chronic form is defined on base of detailed clinical review, the Epworth Sleepiness Scale, polysomnography and sleep latency tests.

Primary Type

Fairly often people live with primary type of hypersomnia without realizing it. Its main symptom is a sleepy feeling all day along. A sufferer is exhausted even after a nap, awakening in the morning is problematic.

Clear reasons of its appearing are still unknown. Recent elaborations suggested that the sickness starts in brain cells which regulate sleep and vigil. IH sufferers are young people up to 30 y.o. The disease has been accumulating during years, manifesting itself in non-ability to work, family conflicts, impossibility to drive a vehicle without specific medication.

DoctorPeople who often feel an urge need to sleep in day time should appeal for medical help. Doctor will offer to pass the tests at clinic which does sleep studying. Multiple sleep latency test will help to diagnose the disease. It is an important examine which helps to realize that IH is not caused by other illnesses (like secondary type).

By today there is no special cure but expectant treatment. In 10-15% cases primary hypersomnolence resolves itself. The systems in the brain are being learned and possibly scientists will be ready to represent a new drug developed for IH.

In case of IH diagnosing, the life style must be corrected, particularly biological clock. Much depends on patient and support of his relatives.

Acute Sleepiness

Acute Sleepiness is an explosive onset of exaggerated sleeping feeling. Bouts of extreme drowsiness might be caused by different illnesses. The most frequent cases are represented in the table.

Disease

Manifestation

Human African Trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)

A rare infectious illness, carried through certain tiny flies, which occurs from days to weeks. Death is common without treatment.

SEID (Systemic Exertion Intolerance Disease)

Feeling of tiredness doesn’t go away after rest and limits life activity. SEID is difficulty diagnosed.

Cataplexy

A rare condition which is defined by intensive muscular insufficiency.

Narcolepsy

Chronic disorder, characterized by brief attacks of deep sleep in relaxing surrounding.

Depression

Mental health impairment. Includes any sign of depression, bipolar disorder.

Sleep paralysis

Phenomenon. Loss of motor function. Relies to physical and emotional disorders.

OSA (obstructive sleep apnea) / hypopnea syndrome

Pause of breathing due to blocked or narrowed airways.

Mixed sleep apnea

Combination of central and obstructive apnea, often happen to kids with abnormal control breathing.

Central sleep apnea

Respiration stops and starts again over sleep. A sign of brain, heart diseases or stroke.
PLMD (periodic limb movement disorder) including restless leg syndrome

Reflective lower limbs movements during sleep.

DSPD (delayed sleep phase disorder)

Dysregulation of biological clock.
Night terror

Nightmares. Often happen in childhood.

Acute sleeping feeling often comes without any pathological process in organism. Everyone is familiar with desire to dive into a deep sleep for an hour or two after eating. Food is the only one direct link to this feeling. There are a few simple tips which help to resist the temptation and go on an active day:

  1. Divide big meals into several small ones. Eating by small portions a few times a day will release stomach from hard digestion work which actually calls instinct to nap. Do not stay longer than 3 hours without food, use healthy snacks.
  2. Always eat balanced breakfast: fresh fruits, cereals, whole grain breads, yogurt are very welcomed. Healthy food increases human mental and physical functioning.
  3. Exclude processed and starch-filled products. Eat complex carbohydrates and high-protein meals: lean meat, beans, broccoli, sea vegetables etc.
  4. Avoid alcohol drinks during lunch. Such beverages as beer and wine make sedative effect. Reduce caffeinated drinks.

If the food suggestions appeared ineffective, discuss your health condition with a doctor.

Severe Form

HallucinationsSevere forms of hypersomnia are phenomenons. The conditions are still an unexplored field. Scientists suggest neither the reason of its appearing nor the ways to get a patient cured. A few examples are below:

  1. Kleine-Levin syndrome is a rare disease which affects teenagers up to 16 y.o., it belongs to recurrent type of hypersomnia. Among manifestation signs are cognitive deterioration, amelia, depersonalization disorder. Boys are more imperilment to be affected than girls. Overwhelming majority of patients are hyper sexual (boys) or depressive (girls). 30% of sick people are inadequate, have pseudesthesia. Hypersomnia happens sporadically. The first episode is forced by an infection which recurrent during a year for a median of 14 years. Between episodic manifestation patients live normal for a healthy person life. For therapy of these severe cases stimulants and mood stabilizers are highly recommended.
  2. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is a disease in which the human immune system attacks nervous system, leading to inability to coordinate muscle activity and paralysis. Pricking sensations in the legs and weariness are the first presentations. Fatigue feeling may spread through all the body until a patient is completely paralyzed. The illness is life treating, hospital admission is necessary. The disease may affect 1 of 100.000 people. Patients see hallucinations, paranoid delusions, vivid dreams, illusions. No one knows how the attacking process happen as well as what forces it.

What Is Pathological Sleepiness?

The medical term of pathological sleepiness defines it as excessive sleep caused by neurologic disorders. The pathologies of sleep can be subdivided into six main groups:

  • insomnia;
  • breathing disorders;
  • central origin hypersomnia;
  • biological time disorder;
  • parasomnias;
  • moving disorder.

Sleep disordersEvery group has numerous signs and divides into subtypes. The clinical norm of sleep pathologies are contained in the International Classification of Sleep Disorders. A person of any age is in zone of risk, but some abnormalities are peculiar for children only. REM parasomnias attack males in the elderly age (50–65 years). Restless legs syndrome is 10-20% higher in old age group and increases with age.

Can Smart Medications Cure Hypersomnia?

A precise diagnosis, individual screening of therapy and regular follow-up to monitor response to treatment are the keys to successful cure of hypersomnia. Modafinil and its interpretations Provigil, Modalert; Armodafinil (Nuvigil) are effective drugs for hypersomnia therapy. This state might be very debilitating. Work, social life are often compromised, so be sure to encourage a patient. On our site ModafinilXL you can find smart drugs at cheap price.

Insomnia: Definition and Types

Insomnia: Definition and Types

Getting a grip on a definition for insomnia may be more difficult than it seems at first, and knowing what to do when you have it is even more of a challenge. If you find yourself waking up in the middle of the night or having a psychophysiological response to night time stimuli, then learning all you can about narcolepsy and insomnia should be a top priority.

Why Is Sleep Important?

It is difficult to measure for sure how many people have a good night of sleep every night, but among the medical community it is widely accepted that rest is a key factor in a balanced psychology.

Sleep allows us to process the information gathered throughout the day, and recharge our neurons for the waking hours ahead.

Insomnia Definition

Insomnia can be defined as a clinical history of sleeplessness or chronic trouble staying asleep. If you have recently gone 3 days without sleep, find yourself thinking too much before bed, or waking up every hour during the night, you may suffer from acute or mild types of this mental disorder.

Short History

Historically sleep problems have been a private affair in women and in men, inspiring many theories about the effects of sleep deprivation on the mind. However today, it is even harder to know when to see a doctor as the bad effects of the malady are often overlooked, in order to catch up on work or stay out partying.

Insomnia: Definition and TypesWhat Does It Feel Like?

Insomnia is often associated with a variety of different feelings, including racing thoughts, depression, anxiety, and more. It depends largely on the individual and the type of insomnia experienced. See the descriptions below for information on the various forms.

Is Insomnia Genetic?

InsomniaUntil recently, insomnia was not thought to be genetic, however researchers are discovering otherwise. Recent studies indicate a genetic link to insomnia, which may explain the cause for millions across the world.

Can It Kill You?

Ultimately, insomnia cannot kill you directly. However it can still pose a life threatening risk, as the complications associated with the disorder can cause health problems, or trouble operating heavy machinery.

Insomnia Statistics

See the chart below for age-related insomnia statistics.

Age Rate of Insomnia
10 to 30 years30% to 40%
30 to 50 years30% to 40%
Over 60 years40% to 60%

Types of Insomnia

There are two types of insomnia that are important to understand. Understanding the difference between primary vs secondary is important to getting effective treatment.

Primary Insomnia

Primary InsomniaPrimary insomnia is a distinct sleep disorder whose effects are not yet fully understood by doctors. It is characterized by an organic inability to sleep, not caused by drugs or other substances that can lead to sleep troubles.

Secondary

The reverse of primary insomnia is secondary insomnia, a more straightforward diagnosis although it is just as dangerous. It is caused by various medications and substances that can interfere with sleep patterns.

Chronic Type

Chronic insomnia is when a person has trouble sleeping over a long period of time. As you might expect, getting help for this condition should be prioritized, as it can lead to serious complications, especially in elderly individuals.

What Is Paradoxical Insomnia?

This unique condition is often encountered as people visit a sleep clinic reporting trouble sleeping, but who actually receive a full night’s sleep. Understanding this misperception and discovering exactly why do people suffer from this disorder remains out of researchers’ grasps for now, but can usually be treated with therapy.

Reverse Form

NarcolepsyAlso known as narcolepsy, this sleep disorder can be especially dangerous and can even lead to death, if experienced while operating heavy machinery or vehicles. Essentially, it is a constant feeling of tiredness, that can attack at any hour of the day. It is especially common in middle age or old age.

Definition of Transient Insomnia

Transient insomnia is about experiencing sleeplessness over the short term. While still serious, it can often be cleared up with a prescription sleep aid taken on the side of regular meals.

Terminal Form

This form of the disorder is characterized by early morning wakefulness. Have you found yourself wide awake on a Sunday morning, without any reason to be up? If so, you have experienced terminal form insomnia.

Seasonal Affective Disorder

Many individuals wonder “what is seasonal affective disorder?” It is such a common term today, however the meaning remains unclear to many. Put simply, it is chronic depression associated with a lack of sunlight during winter months.

What Is Hyper Insomnia?

Also known as hypersomnia, those experiencing this disorder will feel like sleeping most hours of the day. If you are wondering can you have hypersomnia and insomnia at the same time? Then the answer is yes. In fact, such sleep disorders often occur in pairs, causing patients to lack sleep at night, and oversleep during the day.

Acute Type

Acute InsomniaAcute type insomnia is sleeplessness that occurs over the short term, and is usually cleared up within a matter of days or weeks. Those wondering what to take need only look to their online pharmacy for mild sleep agents.

What Is Mild Form?

Mild insomnia only affects individuals less than 50% of nights and poses less of a risk than the chronic form. However, mild sleep disorders can often develop into more serious ones, and should be treated promptly.

Interesting Facts About Insomnia

Take a look at some of these interesting facts and statistics about insomnia:

  • children and young adults can experience a sleep disorder differently from adults, causing racing thoughts or hyperactivity;
  • as many as 10% of adults are living with chronic insomnia;
  • research shows that insomnia can be genetic.

When Do I Need to See a Doctor?

DoctorMany people wonder “can you die from insomnia?” Luckily insomnia itself cannot kill you. However it can pose serious health risks, that lead to life-threatening complications.

If you have not had sleep for more than two nights in a row, or if your lack of sleep is affecting your life as a whole, make an appointment with your doctor.

How to Tell Someone That You Have Insomnia?

Knowing how to tell if you have insomnia is a challenge in itself, but telling those around you can be as big of a struggle. Often, what helps is linking to an informative article or summary that can outline all of the major facts and issues associated with the disorder.

Hypnotherapy can Cure Insomnia

Hypnotherapy can Cure Insomnia

Pulling an all-nighter used to be a good thing, but lack of sleep is a serious public health issue today. 1 out of 3 people suffer from insomnia, with the female population being more likely not to get enough sleep. Don’t just pass through the days like a zombie. Hypnotherapy is an amazing solution to a widespread problem.

Why Sleep Is So Important?

People are encouraged to endure sleepless nights. Whether it’s to meet deadlines or prove some sort of point about how hard they work, the value of a good night’s sleep is dangerously underrated.

Sleep has an effect on your physical and mental health. Lack of sleep is detriment to your overall quality of life and everyday safety.
When you don’t get enough sleep, your vision may blur affecting your driving, you can’t focus at work or school, you’re irritable, and it can stunt your growth and development. Although they don’t like to admit it people get depressed and lose confidence when they’re overtired. Exhaustion kills cognitive capabilities and the mind is too cloudy to effectively use problem-solving skills. Sleep is important for healthy brain functions and overall emotional well-being.

Hypnotherapy can Cure Insomnia

Sleep Disorders

There are a number of different types of sleep disorders caused by a number of different things:

  • restless leg syndrome – irresistible urge to move the legs, condition wakes the person up out of their sleep to move;
  • JetLag – occurs when you travel quickly across multiple time zones;
  • narcolepsy – causes overwhelming drowsiness, can cause you to fall asleep at anytime, anywhere; chronic disorder;
  • night terrors;
  • sleepwalking – person gets up and walks around while still sleeping;
  • obstructive sleep apnea – chronic breathing problems, intermittent airflow blockage during sleep;
  • diet – sugar, caffeine, alcohol.

What Is Insomnia?

InsomniaWhen you constantly have problems falling asleep, that’s insomnia. The nervous system has a hard time winding down, not allowing the mind to shut down, preventing you from relaxing. People experience insomnia without even knowing it. Some of the symptoms are as follows: fatigue, low levels of concentration, excessive sleepiness, and anxiety.

Hypnosis Vs Hypnotherapy

Hypnosis
  • induction of a state of consciousness in which a person loses power of voluntary action;
  • person highly responsive to suggestion;
  • used in therapy to allow modification of behavior by suggestion;
  • find patterns and remove them by using influence needs weeks or months to stick.
Hypnotherapy 

  • use of hypnosis as a therapeutic technique;
  • isolates source or cause of pattern by digging into patient’s subconscious;
  • use suggestions that take effect right away.

Hypnosis for Sleep

HypnosisSleep insomnia hypnosis has been controversial in the past but has gained newfound popularity as sleep disorders are on the rise. Hypnosis is the place within your consciousness spectrum in between wakefulness and sleep. It works for some people because it puts the mind in a state where it is not susceptible to distractions.

Hypnotherapy for Insomnia

If hypnosis is the place between the consciousness spectrum, hypnotherapy figures out why you can’t get there. It gets to the root of the patterns that are resulting in your restless mind, addresses the pattern, then uses the hypnosis methods that will directly address your issue.

Can Hypnosis Really Cure My Insomnia?

Let’s Slow Down the Movie

Creatives, in particular, use the phrase “my mind is always turning” as a way to describe the reason they can’t sleep. What that means is the mind does not stop thinking, and thoughts are moving too fast to even process sometimes. Picture a movie reel that turns inside a projector so fast that you can’t really watch the movie, it may give you a headache, or you may even feel dizzy after watching it. Hypnotherapy uses a technique referred to as “let’s slow down the movie” to relax the mind. When your mind is turning you are thinking in disjointed images or “movies” that are moving too fast. The goal is to manipulate and slow down the thoughts using relaxing breathing techniques and suggestions.

Use Your Peripheral Vision

Peripheral visionPeripheral vision is defined as what you see on the side while looking ahead. A lot of times insomnia is caused by tunnel vision, which is just the opposite. Tunnel vision focuses on what’s in front of you and not what’s going on around you. It’s associated with fixation, obsession, worry, and adrenaline. These are all things that cause you not to able to go to sleep.

When you shift from tunnel vision to peripheral vision you start at one spot in a room and slowly go from space to space on the edges of your vision until you see the entire room. It’s a relaxation aid that triggers the parasympathetic nervous system, slows the heart rate, and relaxes the sphincter muscles. You become more aware of the movement around you and less aware of the details like the color of the things around you.

Heart-Breathing Exercise

A simple technique that’s used in therapy, but can also be used by the patient at home is heart breathing exercises. These exercises focus on deep breaths in the core, chest and heart. Listening to the heartbeat, feeling every beat, and hearing every beat and the blood flow through. It’s similar to meditation techniques and causes the mind to slow down, taking the patient’s brain into theta; eventually you fall asleep.

Taking an Imaginary Pill for Sleep

SleepStudies show that placebo medication works for many people just as real medicine does. The same theory works for “taking an imaginary pill.” Self-hypnotherapy is exactly how it sounds. It’s self-induced hypnosis brought on by self-suggestion. Taking the imaginary pill is a form of self-hypnosis where you imagine taking a sleep aid, and you focus on the effects the medicine has on your body. You squeeze the thumb and forefinger together as if you’re holding the real pill, further causing your subconscious to believe you’re taking it. This brings on the pseudo-effects of the drug using mental pictures to make you sleep.

Hypnosis used to be for entertainment. Current techniques including self-hypnosis audios have proven successful. Trust the process, if you still can’t sleep after you’ve tried all of these methods, it’s time to explore some deeper issues. You can’t go through life with no sleep.

Brain Fog Symptoms and Causes

Brain Fog Symptoms and Causes

Difficult concentration and forgetfulness are common but not normal. These are the signs of the brain fog. What does your brain try to tell you and how serious it is? This article contains the global overview of the brain fog. Find out how to manage this condition and return to a good life.

Today every person is a multitasker until the day when the brain becomes less productive and passes its host foggy signals. Constant fatigue, distraction, and moodiness are the features of a brain fog, an unwanted side effect of our crazy life style.

Most people are too busy to pay attention to its signals until it interferes with work and other routine activities. It’s time to stop for a while and think about health.

What Is Brain Fog?

Brain fog is not a specific disease but rather a state that signals the presence of other medical conditions. It is related to cognitive dysfunction and may be also called mental fatigue. Depending on its severity, it may affect work, school, and other social activities.

Brain fog may linger for several days or weeks. Its main characteristic is a vague sensation of what a person is trying to retrieve, but cannot focus on it. The brain feels like it is wrapped in a blanket and cannot function clearly. The attempt to harness the thought is as draining as physical activity.

People with brain fog often have troubles managing the basic requirements in daily life. Simple tasks that should be done in a moment take an hour or longer. They often feel like they have blacked out or gotten lost in a well-known background, confusing the things they intend to take, etc.

There is little scientific information available to explain what is going on when the clouds roll in. Measures and tests for brain fog have not been invented yet.
Brain Fog Symptoms and Causes

Brain Fog Symptoms

The results of mental fog may be classified into several main categories:

  1. Memory. Brain fog causes short-term memory loss: forgetting where things were left, trouble remembering conversations, mixing up words, and even visual memory problems. Forgetfulness, subsequently, leads to embarrassment and/or anxious conditions.
  2. Difficulties in concentration and attention. Defocusing and a very short attention span are the brightest signs of brain fog. Studying and following multiple instructions become complicated and take a lot of time. Building long sentences during conversation is difficult.
  3. Embarrassment and gloominess. Individuals with brain fog often experience wrong days and miss appointments. Numerous mental confusions often lead to anxiety and depression.

These symptoms are often related to such illnesses as fibromyalgia syndrome, chronic autoimmune disease (lupus), and hepatitis C, and it is also common for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy.

How Long Does Brain Fog Last?

Brain fogThe duration of brain fog is quite individual and directly related to an exact health problem. Depending on the cause, brain fog may last from a few minutes to a few decades.

For instance, the duration of brain fog caused by general anesthesia for surgery depends on the patient’s age, drug history, surgery duration, and general health condition, and thus, the fog may last up to a few hours. Brain fog caused by caffeine withdrawal depends on body size, health condition, and the amount of ingested caffeine, a combination that may last up to a few weeks.

It is necessary to identify the root causes of this condition on time and take the right measures.

How Is Brain Fog Diagnosed?

Persistent lack of clarity which worsens or does not improve is a reason to visit a doctor. Given that the condition may be caused by different health problems, it cannot be diagnosed by a single test. The physical examination starts with questions about:

  • emotional state;
  • ration;
  • exercise;
  • medical preparations or nutraceuticals.

Signs of health changesA patient should inform doctor about all signs of health changes, such as:

  • hair shedding;
  • dry skin;
  • fragile nails;
  • weight gain.

Blood tests help to determine:

  • abnormal levels of glucose;
  • trouble in liver, kidney, thyroid work;
  • undernourishment;
  • infectious process;
  • inflammatory disorders.

The results are illustrative and may guide to further examination. Among other diagnostic tools are:

  • X-rays;
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI);
  • computed tomography scan (CT scan);
  • allergy tests;
  • polysomnography (sleep study).

Keeping a food diary helps to ascertain how foods affect a person’s individual brain fog.

Brain Fog Causes

There are numerous causes for brain fog. The list below represents what is brain fog a symptom of:

  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD);
  • excessive alcohol consumption;
  • anxiety;
  • nutrition;
  • brain damage;
  • workout;
  • brain tumor;
  • illicit drugs;
  • acute psychosis;
  • low libido;
  • chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS);
  • menopause;
  • depressive states;
  • diabetes;
  • fibromyalgia;
  • hormonal imbalances;
  • underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism);
  • Lyme disease;
  • lupus;
  • multiple sclerosis;
  • neurodegenerative disorders (Alzheimer’s disease, dementia, Huntington’s disease, Parkinson’s disease);
  • neurotransmitter imbalances;
  • hypersomnia;
  • laboring;
  • post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD);
  • schizophrenia;
  • adverse reaction of drugs;
  • sleep loss;
  • stress;
  • withdrawal.

Sometimes brain fog causes are hard to diagnose, but with the help of a therapist, psychologist, or psychiatrist, a patient will receive qualified assistance.

Eating the Wrong Foods

Wrong food for brain workThe type and quality of food directly impacts the brain’s work.

The list below represents the worst products for the brain that should not be a part of a person’s diet or used in limited amounts:

  • processed foods (breakfast cereals, tinned vegetables, snacks, crisps, sausages);
  • trans-fat (margarine, crackers, cookies);
  • foods with monosodium glutamate (Asian cuisine, fast-food, potato chips, frozen dinners, mayonnaise sauce);
  • added sugar (sodas, energy, sport drinks);
  • fructose (corn syrup, sweetened yogurt, breads, canned fruit, juice, boxed dinners, granola bars);
  • saturated fat (butter, suet, heavy creams, hard goat’s cheese, pepperoni);
  • artificial compounds (preservatives, colorants, artificial flavor, and texturants);
  • a lot of caffeine;
  • salt (3,091 milligrams a day or more);
  • soy sauce;
  • fast food (French fries, burgers, nuggets).
  • buttery popcorn;
  • alcohol.

Controlling your diet is healthy and very beneficial for your mental health.

Low-Fat Diet

The brain is the fattest organ, consisting of 60% fat. Filling it with energy is essential for viable mental condition. Those who eat low fat products that include cholesterol have been ruining health. Good fats are the most infallible form of energy that our brain is usually starved for.

The lab test can help to determine the condition of the brain’s health. To correct this situation, a brain fog sufferer should firstly find out the best sources of good fats that decrease inflammation processes and improve brain health.

Arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids (the forms of fat) are extra important for brain health. The sources of these fats are meat from grass-fed animals and wild-caught fish.

Among plant-based fats, coconut oil is vital for brain functioning. The medium chain triglyceride (MCT) found in coconut oil significantly improves the ability to process thoughts. Monounsaturated fats (extra virgin olive oil, avocados) are very good for the brain, too.

Years of poor diet requires time until the organism adjusts to eating healthy fats. Therefore, good fats should be added to the diet slowly.

Food Additives and Artificial Sweeteners

Food additivesThe food additive monosodium glutamate (MSG) enhances products’ taste and flavor. It is a component of almost all precooked and junk foods. Products with MSG make people experience worsening of health which are short-term, lasting up to several days, and brain fog.

The active substance in MSG is free climatic acid that is converted to glutamate during digestion. Glutamate is a chemical agent, high doses of which are poisoning to the brain and cause the cells dying. It also overloads powerful antioxidants (depletes glutathione and others) that scavenge free radicals in the organism. To improve mental health, it is necessary to choose unprocessed foods and eat products with few ingredients.

Artificial sweeteners (like aspartame) are not useful for the brain either. After ingestion, they are converted into aspartic acid, phenylalanine, and methanol, large amounts of which agitate the brain cells and lead to their deaths. Methanol further breaks down to formaldehydes that are neurotoxic and carcinogenic.

Aspartame toxicity leads to sore head and mental disorders.

«Wheat Brain»

Can gluten cause brain fog? Yes, it can. Wheat has been hybridized, and it is no longer the same as the wheat our ancestors ate. Nowadays, wheat contains large amounts of gluten, which is hard for the organism to break down and is not always digested completely. It triggers an immune reaction, causing brain fog, weakness, inflammatory processes, as well as muscle and joint ache. Gas and flatulence are clear signs of gluten intolerance.

For brain fog treatment, gluten should be removed for at least three weeks. There are plenty of gluten-free products in the market that are baked from whole grains and contain fiber. Avoid products made with processed rice flour or potato starch as they are highly glycemic and increase the amount of sugar in the blood. It is best to eat quinoa, buckwheat, and brown rice. If rejecting gluten completely is unacceptable, just decrease its amounts.

Caffeine

CaffeineThe benefits of coffee are known worldwide. Its immediate stimulating feature in just a quarter of an hour helps to wake up in the morning, improves attention and mental abilities, and even enlivens mood. These effects last 3-7 hours, depending on the dose. Caffeine in moderate amounts helps to relieve brain fog signs, but excessive consumption may complicate it further.

Extended consumption means 500 mg of caffeine and more. Such doses often cause brain fog, sleeplessness, nervousness, lack of concentration, disturbances, and other unwelcome symptoms. They may appear within a few hours after the last caffeine dose. This condition stirs a person up to drink more caffeine in order to improve the mental state. Caffeine withdrawal may also be a cause of brain fog.

Food Allergies

It is scientific fact that proteins found in some foods activate inflammatory processes in the nasal cavity, causing allergies. The severely irritating products are:

  • wheat;
  • fish;
  • shellfish;
  • monkey nut;
  • hazelnut;
  • soy;
  • milk;
  • eggs.

Nasal congestionAn inflamed sinus starts swelling, pressing on the head zones: eyes, forehead, and cheeks that become touch-sensible. The pressure makes a person feel absolutely exhausted.

Nasal congestion causes brain fog and leads to migraines and postnasal drip (mucus that drips down the back of the throat causing cough and sore throat).

Brain fog resulting from the blockage of the nasal passages should be treated by nonprescription medications, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and analgesics, on the basis of a physician’s advice.

Dehydration

Drinking water and brain functioning are inextricably linked. Dehydration leads to foggy mind, migraine, rage, depressive states, concentration problems, and forgetfulness. Since 70% of our body consists of water, each organ is water-related, including the brain and nervous system. 1% of water deficiency increases cognitive disorders in 5 times.

To provide optimal conditions for the brain’s activity, drink 360-480 ml of water in the morning. A bottle with clean water should be always near, and this is particularly true for workers whose job demands high mental activity. Regular water consumption fills the brain with oxygen and energy.

For renewal of the water balance, the quality of the liquid is very important. Filtered, bottled, distilled, or reverse osmosis water is highly recommended. Water can not be replaced by other drinks like coffee, milk, or juice.

Food Chemicals

Nearly every product may cause intolerance that leads to brain fog; it is natural food chemicals fault.

These are:

  • salicylates (an organic acid found naturally in plants that acts like immune hormone, protecting them from harmful bacterias);
  • amines (organic chemistry produced during fermentation, enhances food flavor);
  • glutamate (the sodium salt of glutamic acid that protein foods naturally consist of);
  • gluten (a type of protein found in wheat and other grains).

Food dyesHere are a few tips how to avoid the toxic chemicals in food:

  • limit canned food and plastic containers;
  • avoid non-stick pans;
  • filter drinking water;
  • buy organic when possible;
  • avoid food dyes.

In some cases distinguishing food allergy from food intolerance is problematic.  Choose only the foods of high quality for your meals.

Nutritional Deficiencies

Brain fog is often a result of nutritional deficiencies. The brain requires about 130 g of carbohydrates to maintain a proper energy level, but the carbs cannot be formed into energy without B vitamins. The deficiency of at least one B vitamin makes synthesizing impossible.

Just a few foods are not enough to fill the organism with all the necessary vitamins for good brain’s work. Vitamin B12 exists only in animal sources or enriched foods, folate is in leafy greens, and niacin comes from red meat, fowl, or fish. A balanced meal is the best way to improve mental health and avoid brain fog. The daily diet should include fruits and vegetables, lean protein, and whole grains. The deficiency of B vitamins can be restored through fortified foods and nutraceuticals.

Vitamin D Deficiency

Low levels of vitamin D are often found in people with autoimmune disorders that subsequently cause brain fog and other general cognitive impairments. Scientific evidence suggests that the lack of vitamin D can affect people of all age-groups in many ways. The importance of the «sunshine vitamin» to mental health needs more research. However, a 25(OH)D blood test can show the vitamin level in the organism. Insufficient levels should be fulfilled through supplements and other methods.

Vitamin DThere are many methods to restore its level, for instance:

  • spend about 20-25 minutes under the sun;
  • eat fatty fish (salmon, char, scomber, tuna, eel);
  • choose the mushrooms that were grown in ultraviolet light (portobello);
  • drink fortified milk;
  • drink fortified juice (check the label for vitamins info);
  • eat fortified cereal;
  • use cod liver oil or other supplements;
  • resort to UV-emitting lamps and bulbs after medical recommendation.

Beef liver and egg yolks also contain vitamin D, although these should not be used as a single source of it due to their high levels of cholesterol.

Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids

The advantages of omega-3 fatty acids for enhancing memory and general mental condition are scientifically proven. The fats are not produced in the organism themselves, therefore it is extremely necessary to receive them from external sources. Omega-3s are contained in crop and livestock products, though each has a different form of it.

The most valuable omega-3 fatty acids are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The second is answerable for the brain’s work and emotions, and its low rate is linked to serious mental disorders.

These acids are highly concentrated in the brain and play important role for mental and behavioral processes. The deficiency of omega-3s leads to mood changes, depressive states, and cloudy thinking. Among benefits for mental condition, omega-3 lowers the risk of about 50 ailments, among which are autoimmune disorders, heart diseases, cancer, joints inflammations, and diabetes. The anti-inflammatory features of omega-3s help to overcome abnormal anxiety and serious mood disorders, as well as increase concentration. An effective omega-3 supplement is fish oil.

Vitamin B12 Deficiency

Vitamin B12 is one of several B vitamins that protects organisms against many ailments and is indispensable for the work of the brain, nervous system, and physiological processes. B12 is vital for clear memory, focus, and attention. The deficiency of this vitamin inherent in depression sufferers leads to the conclusion that the vitamin takes part in the formation of the mood enhancing chemical messengers.

Vitamin B12The lack signs include:

  • cloudy thinking;
  • loss of memory;
  • depressive state;
  • fatigue;
  • disturbance;
  • embarrassment;
  • bewilderment;
  • sick fantasies;
  • decreased appetite;
  • costiveness;
  • short breath;
  • tingling extremities.

Vitamin B12 is found in animal foods (fowl, pork, fish, clams, liver, eggs, etc.). Vegans commonly suffer from the lack of this vitamin and can get it only from seaweed (spirulina), fermented soy products, and ale yeast.

Lack of Qualitative Sleep

Lack of sleep is a reasonable explanation for foggy brain. The scientists observed the behavior of brain cells in people not having enough sleep and noticed that it is kindred to the comedown that happens after alcohol usage. In people who sleep badly, the brain cells work slower during cognitive tasks, and the response is weaker and worse than in a rested brain.

It appears that definite brain regions also snooze while a patient is awake. The deprived brain showed laggard somnolent waves that disrupted the brainwork and implementation of activities. Scientists explain this fact by the dozing of certain brain cells which caused mental faults, while the rested brain cells had enough rest and ran in the usual regime.

Lack of quality sleep negatively impacts such psychological parameters as mental processes, attentiveness, temper, memory, reaction time, and decision making. Even a reduced sleep period can have significant fallout. Constant lack of sleep endangers physical health, causing obesity, inflammatory processes, diabetes, and heart illnesses.

Anxiety, Chronic Stress and Depression

Zones of brainAccording to scientific research of anxiety, experiencing stress over a prolonged period amplifies inflammatory processes in the brain that often manifest themselves in brain fog and forgetfulness. The tests done on rodents showed that stress changes the brain and its immunity.

The hippocampus zone of the mice’s brains (purple color) affects orientation ability and shows depressive types of behavior.

When the mice were given an anti-inflammatory drug, the memory loss and inflammatory agents disappeared, though the symptoms of depression remained. This means that post-stress memory is directly connected with inflammation and immunity.

In humans, high levels of stress hormones stimulate the brain’s electrical activity, suppressing the cortex and increasing reaction to danger. The hippocampus is a learning and memory region of the brain. Continual agitation and stress response consequently change the brain’s functionality. Elevated stress depletes the organism’s sources, causing quick tiredness and mental disorders.

Physical Inactivity

Physical inactivity means weak blood circulation, delays in producing endorphins (the wellness hormone), and poor brain oxygenation. To keep the brain healthy there is no need to run a marathon. Choosing stairs instead of the elevator or walking a few miles would really help.

Exercise is a perfect way to protect and enhance a person’s mental health. The key strategy is regular exercise of moderate intensity.

The real benefits of sport for the brain’s work are:

  • maintaining healthy blood pressure;
  • improving energy;
  • lifting the spirits;
  • lowering stress and disturbance.

Nervous systemExercise stimulates the brain regions that are involved in memory function, releasing a chemical brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). It is not available in a pill, but it can be produced by the brain during sport performance. The ideal training scheme is half an hour, 5 times a week. The maximum heartbeat is approximately 220 beats per minute minus your age.

Brain Fog Caused by Toxins and Heavy Metals

Every day we collapse with the potent sources of heavy metals that accumulate in the human organism and have implications for a myriad of symptoms of brain fog. The table below represents the heavy metals, its main sources, and suggestions for removal.

Heavy metalSourceDetoxification
CadmiumTobacco;

chemical additives;

excessive cacao and coffee usage.

Quit smoking;

eat organic food;

check out the cacao and coffee for cadmium before buying.

LeadSoil and water (especially in industrial areas);

protein powders;

lipsticks;

some cocoa products.

Eat organic food;

buy pure water or install osmosis filter;

use filtered water for domestic needs (shower etc).

ArsenicTobacco;

agriculture pesticides (particularly, rice);

protein powders;

underground water.

Eat organic food;

exclude rice, eat quinoa and buckwheat instead;

store shoes in a closet, keep the floor clean.

MercuryDental amalgam;

vaccines;

seafood

Examine the vaccines thoroughly;

choose small fishes;

apply for full rehabilitation of oral cavity with non-mercury containing.

FluorideMains water;

street coffee and food;

dentifrice.

Drink clean water, do not use carbon filters;

use natural dentifrice.

AluminiumMedical preparations;

antiperspirants;

foil;

canned food.

Research the vaccines thoroughly;

Use non-aluminum cosmetics;

store food in glass or ceramic utensil.

CopperWater;

food;

air.

Avoid foods high in copper;

drink a lot of pure water;

detect the copper source at home (like pipes) and get rid of it.

Visit a nutritionist or naturopath to test the levels of heavy metals’ intoxication.

Mercury

The brain and nervous system are particularly vulnerable to mercury toxicity. High mercury levels cause immunodeficiency disorders, weariness, agitation, depression, heart and blood diseases, among many other health problems. Removing the mercury from an organism is absolutely real and safe.

It is very important to visit a biologic dentist that has skills in low remission removal. Mental toxicity tests help to estimate the toxicity levels. The professional healthcare provider should instruct you what to do in each particular case. Under control of a qualified specialist, brain fog caused by mercury intoxication will be recovered.

Copper

StressEven being a vital-for-good-health element, excessive copper levels negatively impact both physical and mental health. The copper toxicity happens due to many factors, such as:

  • numerous estrogens;
  • birth control methods;
  • high copper ration;
  • stress.

High copper levels become a powerful reactive toxin that leads to brain fog, chronic fatigue, depressive states, panic attacks, paranoia, hallucinations, Alzheimer’s, schizophrenia, and cancer.

Among the most efficient ways of detoxing from copper are elimination of its source, using zinc, manganese, vitamin B, and C supplements, avoiding foods with high copper levels, and drinking a lot of water.

Other Toxic Metals

There are many ways to measure heavy metals which vary from practitioner to practitioner on what they feel is the best. The available options are hair, urine, blood, and sweat, although the fluid substances have low effectiveness in long-term observation due to constant flux. These results are current and limited by a few hours or days.

Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) is an analytical technique where hair becomes a diagnostic tool. Its multiple measurements allow the detection the presence of nutritional and toxic trace substances reliably, accurately, and noninvasively. The test is easy, convenient, and very affordable.

Can Mold in Your House Cause Brain Fog?

Not many people know what is the negative effect of mold on the brain. Mold is a dangerous toxin that releases poisonous gas that is spread through the air.

When its spores enter a human’s body via skin or air, the poisonous gas affects the brain and other organs, causing psychological disorders and other negative for health reactions.

Results of single-photon emission computed tomography

Such as:

  • stress;
  • fatigue;
  • changes of contact sensations;
  • muscles fatigue;
  • dizziness;
  • discoordination;
  • brain fog;
  • breathing disorders;
  • digestive tract problems.

The effects of mold are long-term, often misdiagnosed, and mistreated. These states require a comprehensive assessment. The most important steps in treatments are:

  • detect the source and stop the exposure;
  • to take detox measures;
  • increase the vitamin D rates.

Some clinics use single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging, which is a technique for brain evaluation. The SPECT results of how the mold infection looks in the brain are represented in the picture. You can receive qualified help at a medical center.

Medications

Brain fog and blackouts may be caused by side effects of prescription and non-prescription drugs of various forms, such as pills, solutions for injections, skin patches, and suppositories. The table below shows the medicines which more often than not lead to mental problems.

DrugAssignment
Lipitor, Lescol, Mevacor, Pravachol, Crestor, ZocorCholesterol-lowering drugs (statins)
Diamox, Tegretol, Potiga, Neurontin, Lamictal, Keppra, Trileptal, Lyrica, Banzel, Topamax, Depakote, ZonegranAntiseizure
Anafranil, Norpramin, Tofranil, Pamelor, Surmontil, Sinequan, Elavil, VivactilAntidepressants (tricyclic)
Duragesic, Vicodin, Dilaudid, Astramorph, PercocetNarcotic painkillers
Apokyn, Mirapex, RequipDopamine agonists (Parkinson’s disease)
Tenormin, Timoptic, Coreg, Inderal, Betapace, LopressorHigh blood pressure (beta-blockers)
Ambien, Sonata, LunestaSleeping pills
Enablex, Myrbetriq, Ditropan XL, Vesicare, Detrol, SancturaAnticholinergics
Dimetane, Clistin, Chlor-Trimeton, Tavist, Benadryl, VistarilAntihistamines (first generation)
Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Dalmane, Librium, Klonopin, Versed, Doral, Restoril, HalcionBenzodiazepines (anti anxiety)
DilantinEpilepsy
QuinidineArrhythmia
NaproxenInflammatory processes
QuinolonesAntibiotics
InfergenInterferons
HumalogDiabetes

The list is provided for information and does not include all drugs that cause brain fog and mental disorders. Receive a medical consultation regarding each particular drug.

Brain Fog Caused by Drugs Intake

Medical consultationThose who suspect that mental problems are caused by the intake of any drug should ask medical advice. Here are a few helpful tips:

  1. Write down all medicines you have been taking, as well as their dosages and period of usage.
  2. Describe your problem to your physician/physicians (if you are under control of several specialists).
  3. Find out the consequences of stopping the preparation that provokes brain fog.
  4. Discuss the possibilities of switching the preparation, possible interaction and individual dosages.
  5. Follow medical recommendations further.

If preparations cannot be switched, the brain fog effect may be lessened by having healthy style living points, such as brain-healthy rations, getting enough rest, physical exercises, stress management, and brain supplements.

Brain Fog and Infections

A healthy body has a strong immunity that rejects minor infections but not major ones, as they are stealthy and can lie dormant manifesting insignificant symptoms. When an organism weakens, stealthy infections become more active and manifest as severe signs. The fight between an organism’s defense and major infections may last a long time. Systemic candida, chronic hepatitis, and Epstein Barr are a few stealth infections that can attack at any time causing numerous symptoms including brain fog.

A patient needs the help of a holistic physician who will determine through various tests the microflora state, type of pathogen, food intolerance, possible hormonal problems, and other important issues for complete treatment.

Viruses

Immune systemSuch infections as viruses are often latent and manifest themselves after stressful factors exposure. They negatively impact the immune system making it more sensitive and unresponsive with all the unwelcome consequences, including brain fog.

Severe immunodeficiency sufferers struggle hard with controlling viral infections. Since a person cannot get rid of it, the only one way out is to correct the immune system. Natural Killer (NK) Cells testing is an efficient tool in controlling and handling all infection types, including viral. According to the result, a therapist suggests an individual scheme of care.

Fungal

Candida is the most common cause of fungal infections worldwide, and fungal infections are common sources of mental fog subsequently. Candida appears in the organism due to immunodeficiency, and the inability of the organism to resist such environmental triggers as stress, foods of poor quality, antibiotics, and others.

Those who have just finished the antibiotics course and find themselves plagued by brain fog should consider candida as a root cause. Chronic brain fog sufferers are often living with candida or other infections.

This state requires a complete medical examination and the help of a qualified specialist.

Parasites and Protozoa

Parasites and protozoaRare in the developed world, parasitic infections may also cause serious mental health problems. These are:

  1. Protozoa. Present in bodies of water, the parasites infect the brain of their host.
  2. Blastocystis hominis. Appears in humans due to poor hygiene, dirty water or food, or contact with animals.
  3. Taenia solium tapeworms. Lives in the digestive tract. Often comes to the human organism through pork.
  4. Trichinella spiralis (roundworm). Lives in warm ponds. Traveling up the nose, it enters the brain and destroys its tissues.
  5. Loa loa (a worm in the eye). It stems from the bite of deer and mango flies.
  6. Toxoplasma gondii. Reproduced in conditions created by felines.

Most infections demand medical help or urgent hospitalization.

Bacteria

Mental fog may be caused by a bacterial infection. The infection can be identified in the laboratory and treated by targeted drugs, such as antibiotics. Herbal and other remedies are too weak and are not recommended.

Severe forms of cognitive dysfunctions such as Alzheimer disease show strong evidence of bacterial etiology. Comprehensive treatment is highly suggested.

Disorders That Can Cause Brain Fog

The disorders that can cause brain fog are diverse and numerous. Foggy mind is associated with physical and mental disorders. Since cloudy thinking is just a single symptom, those who experience this condition should pay attention to other concomitant symptoms, as this will guide a person to what ailment it is possible related.

Brain fog suffers should not underestimate the condition, especially if it is bothersome for several days or weeks. It may be a sign of serious problems which occurred in the organism. The sooner a person realizes where it comes from, the better the chances are for quick improvement without complications.

Do not try to diagnose on your own, as the brain mechanism is too complicated. The help of a qualified specialist will help to exclude wrong brain fog reasons, detect the «root cause», and guide you to the correct treatment.

Chemo Brain

Brain cancerThe meaning of chemo brain implies mental health disorders that occur after chemotherapy. The reasons for memory problems are not yet fully understood. Possibly, they are explained by the illness progression, cancer treatment and complications that occur afterwards, or emotional response to the therapy. Scientists have been trying to understand the brain changes that happen in cancer sufferers.

The severity and duration of chemo brain symptoms vary individually. Some patients return to their job performances but experience concentration difficulties, while other patients cannot work at all. Consultation of an oncology specialist is urgently needed.

Thyroid Disorders

Many thyroid patients experience brain fog. It’s not weird, as the sufficient level of the thyroid hormone is essential for proper brain functioning. Low active thyroid without treatment may become a reason for cloudy thinking and other brain fog symptoms.

Those who treat thyroid conditions and experience brain fog should consider changing the scheme of thyroid care, because it is possibly not optimal.

The first right step is to have a complete thyroid examination. Thyroid patients should check their iron levels in order to determine if they need iron supplements or correct the thyroid scheme of cure.

Yeast Infection

Yeast infection, found in the genitals and other areas of the skin or the mucous membrane, can worsen the physical and mental conditions. Candidiasis is the most common type of yeast infection. Its most common symptoms (irritation, burning feeling, painful sexual intercourse, cheese-like ooze) may be complicated by the brain fog signs (weakness, low energy, gloominess). Using antidepressants, energy enhancers, and a lot of coffee are big mistakes that usually lead to severe infection progression.

It often appears in people with weakened immune system and becomes a valid reason to visit a health care provider—the sooner, the better. Taking any form of yeast infection seriously will help to exclude aggressive infection signs that often require hospitalization for complete treatment.

Gluten Intolerance

Wheat and bakery productsWheat and bakery products are the main sources of gluten, although they are not the only ones. When neurological disorders appear with no clear cause, gluten could be to blame. Recent scientific research proves that there is a direct link between gluten and brain health due to the wide range of its activity in the organism, from inflammatory processes to neurotoxic. Unfortunately, most gluten-sensitive people remain undiagnosed.

The gluten structure is similar to the brain tissues. When the immune system attacks the gluten in blood, it confuses brain tissue with gluten and accidentally invades the brain and nerve cells, too.

Another destructive function of gluten consists in disrupting the balance of good and bad bacteria in the digestive tract. Those who experience brain fog and other mental disorders with no specific reason should test their gluten sensitivity to find out how to manage it.

Allergies and Histamine

All of us are familiar with allergies, but what is a histamine and how does any of this connect with brain fog?

Histamines are the chemicals produced by an immunity system that fight with an allergen. It is those who make a person sneeze and tear up. Brain fog is a part of the histamine production which is often caused by the lack of ferment for histamine break down or oxidative stress.

Elevated histamine levels are usually suppressed by antihistamine drugs which do not block histamine production but only occupy the receptors where histamines cannot act. The explosion of unfelt histamines occurs when the antihistamine drug stops working due to built up tolerance. Negative histamine effects become noticeable immediately. The signs of overloaded histamine are brain fog, weakness, disturbance, and palpitations.

The consultation of an allergy specialist is required.

Leaky Gut and Dysbiosis

Leaky gut is a state when the intestinal wall becomes overly porous with cracks and holes in it. As a result, undigested food, toxins, and bacteria in the blood trigger inflammation throughout the body and brain.

Bacterial dysbiosis leads to releasing toxic molecules (lipopolysaccharides) that are related to mental problems. The connection between the gut and the nervous system got the name gut-brain axis or «second brain». Weakened gut health contributes to brain fog and becomes the root cause of severe psychological conditions and inflammatory processes in the brain.

Healing the brain should start from healing the gut and reducing inflammation as soon as possible. The gut treatment requires global lifestyle changes, healthy diet, using probiotics, and other measures that help to renew the healthy gut bacteria.

Hormonal Imbalance and Menopause

MenopauseOne third of middle-aged women experiences cognitive dysfunctions. The condition is mostly explained by a hormonal imbalance that occurs around menopause due to decreased estrogen levels. According to the study, this chemical is connected with memory function and attention.

Other scientists supported the idea that cognitive dysfunction in middle-aged females appears due to natural biological reasons that detriment memory and concentration. For whatever reason, cognitive functions tend to worsen with age and depend on the individual’s health state.

There are natural ways of treatment, unless this condition is caused by other illnesses. Healthy living style, sports, brain training exercises, and supplements that correct estrogen imbalance are very helpful issues.

Bowel Toxicity

Bowel toxicity creates the wrong conditions for brain functioning and can be considered as a cause of cognitive disorders. The undigested food that gets stuck in the intestine tract creates conditions for producing toxins (indoles, skatoles, cadaverine), high levels of which affect the brain. Other harmful substances, such as bacteria, heavy metals, and yeast infection get into the blood and attack other organs.

Among cognitive disorders a person with a toxic bowel often experiences:

  • constipation;
  • meteorism;
  • diarrhea;
  • other stomach problems.

In order to correct the situation, a person should receive the necessary therapy, aimed to kill off harmful microbes and heal the bowel. A healthy, gluten-free diet is highly recommended.

Diabetes

DiabetesDiabetes affect the mental state and cause mood swings because the brain is highly susceptible to sugar levels. Both types of diabetes are potentially dangerous for mental health and increase the risks of developing various brain diseases.

Excessive sugar damages the brain capillaries, affecting white matter (where the nerve cells cooperate) and leading to vascular dementia. Type 1 is better controlled, therefore the risks of cognitive impairment in this type of diabetes are a bit lower. People with Type 2 may have other concomitant problems (low good cholesterol, high triglycerides, increased blood pressure) that lead to brain damage.

Diabetes may join with other inflammatory processes that damage the brain. Tightly controlled diabetes helps to regulate blood sugar easier, thereby tackling the problem of mental disorders. Severely low blood sugar leads to seizures, spasms, or possibly a coma.

Insulin Resistance and Hypoglycemia

Sleepiness and chronic fatigue are the significant symptoms of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is a pre-diabetic state when the cells become resistant to high-sugar meals and make no attempt to lower it. Reactive hypoglycemia occurs in the early stages of insulin resistance and magnifies itself in mild signs (anxiety, sickness, concentration difficulties, and others). Long-term effects of insulin resistance are dangerous such as excessive weight gain and the development of inflammatory processes and oxidative stress.

Therefore, if a person eats high-sugar, high-refined carbohydrate meals, brain fog might be a sign of prediabetes. The ailment should be diagnosed, and the sooner the better in order to exclude further health problems.

Adrenal Fatigue Syndrome and Brain Fog

MeditateThe connection between adrenal fatigue syndrome and brain fog is obvious for several reasons. The stress hormone cortisol puts the brain in alert mode and has other negative impacts on the brain’s work, affecting memory and cognition functioning. Increased stress causes poor bloodflow to the brain area which complicates the operating processes, too. According to scientific data, brain fog is the most common adrenal fatigue symptom which most often manifests itself in the afternoon and most rarely in the evening.

Brain fog will stop torturing as soon as adrenal fatigue improves. Some people get by with non-medical treatment (meditation, breathing exercises), but uncontrolled conditions require medical help.

Low Acetylcholine

Acetylcholine is an important neurotransmitter that plays a major role in learning and converting short memory into long-term memory. A person that experiences low acetylcholine:

  • has troubles finding the right word;
  • struggles to do math tasks;
  • can not follow a conversation;
  • does not remember the plots of just seen movie or read book;
  • performances overall slow reaction.

These symptoms are associated with serious neurological problems, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, and others. The best way to increase acetylcholine levels are:

  • eating 425-550 mg vitamin B4 (animal meat, fish, egg yolks, almonds and others) daily;
  • drink any type of tea;
  • balance blood sugar levels;
  • choose the acetylcholine supplement.

The acetylcholine deficiency is often caused by anticholinergics drugs (antihistamines, antidepressants, antibiotics, and others). If a person is in therapy, using acetylcholine supplements would not be helpful. The recommendation of the physician and switching the drug that causes the acetylcholine deficiency can help.

Lupus Fog

RheumatologistLupus fog includes the same symptoms as brain fog, but it is complicated by feelings of sorrow, affliction, and disappointment. Thereby, this state relates not only to cognitive dysfunction, but to emotional problems, too. Lupus fog usually comes and goes. Medical professionals are not sure of the most efficient way to overcome it. However, a few practical steps that assist in managing of lupus fog still exist:

  • make an appointment with rheumatologist, neurologist or neuropsychologist;
  • use notepad or iPad for writing down the to-do list and the things you tend to forget.

Psychological support has a significant meaning because lupus fog sufferers often blame themselves, which only worsens the current situation. Relatives, people who you can trust, or those who also experience lupus are the best company for the treatment period.

Genetics Mutations

When diagnosing a patient, traditional doctors rarely pay attention to genes that may be a cause of the health problem. Naturopaths, chiropractors, acupuncturists, and integrative doctors often advise a patient methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) test to determine genetic mutations, though some insurance companies do not cover it.

The MTHFR gene or other gene mutations may seriously affect the mental and physical conditions, as well as alter responses to medications. Modern tests allow getting a «genetic health profile» for better control. According to some reports, up to 40% of the population may have some kind of MTHFR mutation: 6-14% of Caucasians, 2% Africans, and 21% Hispanics. The gene mutation treatment consists mostly in correcting the ration and taking supplements relevant to MTHFR tests.

Anemia, Thalassemia, Gilbert’s Syndrome

FatigueAnemia is a condition in which the erythrocyte level is decreased or the hemoglobin level is low. It is characterized by poor oxygen circulation. The ailment leads to overall weakness, brain fog, mood swings, and severe disease manifestations which lead to brain, heart, and other organ damage. If untreated, the illness is fatal.

Thalassemia is an inherited blood illness that causes an organism to produce less or abnormal levels of hemoglobin. The most common thalassemia signs are fatigue, quick tiredness, other symptoms, depending on the severity of the disease.

Gilbert’s syndrome is the blood disease when bilirubin (yellow blood substance) is higher than normal rates. Brain fog is one of its many symptoms.

It can be concluded that the blood condition is very important both for the brain’s work and physical health. Those who experience blood problems and brain fog should contact a medical center for consultation and blood testing.

Adrenal Fatigue

As stated above, brain fog is the most common symptom of adrenal fatigue. To heal «the root cause» it is necessary to determine the source of the problem and find out the factors that cause inflammatory processes in the brain and oxidative stress subsequently.

The most important steps in fixing this problem are:

  • adding adrenal-friendly nutrients;
  • saving the biggest meal for last;
  • getting exposure of bright light in the morning;
  • trying meditation;
  • cleaning up the ration off gluten;
  • visit a specialist.

TestosteroneIt is important to fill the day with positive emotions that inspirit and bring energy. Some methods might not be in the list but appear effective for some individuals. A complex of these measures will help to manage adrenal fatigue and get rid of annoying brain fog.

Other Factors

A common but little known factor that causes brain fog is Metabolic syndrome (MetS) or «Syndrome X». This condition is characterized by low testosterone. Since testosterone enhances sugar metabolism, fat burn off, and circulation, a poor lifestyle joined with abnormal testosterone rates leads to Syndrome X.

The brain is the first organ that reacts to elevated sugar or hormones in the blood. Psychological stress causes biochemical consequences. A stressful event stimulates the adrenal glands to secrete adrenaline, increasing sugar and stimulating a burst of insulin.

It is an increasingly common ailment that increases the risk of 2 types of diabetes development and usually occurs when fattiness and insulin resistance are concomitant disorders.

In addition to foggy thinking, people also experience tiredness and hyper pigmentation.

Psychogenic Causes

Patients with severe psychological illnesses often experience foggy mind, for example, schizophrenia or such rare diseases as Cotard’s syndrome. Such conditions require professional medical examination and a course of therapy.

Mild and moderate forms of psychological disorders require medical assistance, too. Nootropics continue to gain popularity as these are the brain supplements which are designed to improve various cognitive dysfunctions problems. For instance, Modafinil (Provigil) helps to improve focus, attention, concentration, motivation, mood, memory, general brain health, and stress. Find out more about this and other nootropics in our online pharmacy ModafinilXL.

Petrochemicals (Petroleum Distillates)

Petrochemicals (petroleum distillates) are the chemical products made from petroleum, but not only petroleum. Along with raw crude oil and natural gas, petroleum products may be made from other materials, too.

Products made from petroleumThese are:

  • aspirin;
  • floor covering;
  • pencils;
  • synthetic detergent;
  • dyestuff;
  • explosive materials;
  • rubber;
  • soil enrichers;
  • weed killers;
  • milk holders;
  • tights;
  • perfume components;
  • toxic chemicals;
  • break-resistant glass;
  • shampoo;
  • wax;
  • soft contact lens.

The intoxication symptoms are not confined to brain fog only, but may also include blurry vision, ringing in the ears, difficulty in breathing, cough, and many more. Chronic brain fog sufferers should think about their environment and exclude contact with chemical products as much as possible.

Electromagnetic Fields (EMF) Sensitivity

We are all affected by electricity in our environment to varying degrees. EMF, or radiation disease, is the medical name of numerous electrically-based conditions. Its signs can be soft, moderate, or severe depending on the field’s power, type, extension of exposure, other biological toxins, and personal condition. Radiation may cause migraines, brain fog, vision problems, immunity disorders, and malignant diseases.

The best safety tip that helps to reduce radiation is avoiding its source. Use corded phones, wired internet, and a keyboard and mouse instead of cell-phones, Wi-Fi, and other unwired devices. Sleeping in an electricity-free bedroom, spending more time in nature, and eating organic foods are effective techniques for combating radiation.

Derealization or Depersonalization

Emotional disordersPeople with depersonalization-derealization disorder feel like they are living in a dream. This sense of detachment with real world usually occurs after traumatic experience and affects the ability to function normally. Its signs are difficult to describe, as they are similar to a complete brain fog. They feel lost in common surroundings and are unable to control speech or movements. They also have an emotional disconnection with other people, as well as have a distortion of objects in their size, shape, and color.

This condition relates to emotional disorders which should be treated by psychotherapy methods, although sometimes medications may be added to the treatment plan, too.

Fatigue Definition, Forms and Causes

Fatigue Definition, Forms and Causes

To win the war, you need to know your enemy. Physical and mental exhaustion, tiredness, lack of motivation – all those symptoms may be defined by one word: fatigue. This common health problem makes you less productive and kills the mood, but a way out exists. We will provide the information about common fatigue forms and possible methods for dealing with them.

To win the war, you need to know your enemy. Physical and mental exhaustion, tiredness, lack of motivation – all those symptoms may be defined by one word: fatigue. This common health problem makes you less productive and kills the mood, but a way out exists. We will provide the information about common fatigue forms and possible methods for dealing with them.

Don’t blame yourself for being tired all the time. Your condition may have serious root causes and be diagnosed as a fatigue. Sometimes it feels like drowsiness, muscle weakness, or lack of energy.

Even though sleepiness can be a symptom of fatigue, those conditions are different. It is quite a normal situation when your eyes are closing after a hard day or sleepless night. Such a feeling is usually short-term, while the persistent tiredness and drowsiness usually mean a medical problem, especially chronic fatigue syndrome (further referred to as CFS).

Read the credible information about fatigue below: find out its forms, causes, and ways of treatment to learn how to distinguish a serious issue from a temporary question.

What Is Fatigue?

The general definition for fatigue is a constant low energy condition which may be accompanied by the strong desire to sleep, apathy, and body exhaustion. It reflects at physical, mental, or both levels at the same time depending on its cause.

Physical fatigue is an inability to accomplish daily tasks involving the muscles. A person suffering this type of symptom feels muscle weakness and a decline in physical strength.

Mental fatigue includes lack of concentration, sleepiness, and low level of consciousness. A patient’s brain doesn’t show normal cognitive performance.

Normally, any above-mentioned type of tiredness goes away after reducing an intense activity and having a rest. If the feeling lasts more than a couple of days, there is fatigue. In such cases, this thing prevents people from living a full life and makes them feel uncomfortable. As you can see, long-term fatigue is not an illness; it is a non-specific symptom of various medical conditions.

Even without being aware of what is fatigue, at least 20% of American people are experiencing it. Mental fatigue is more common than physical fatigue: their rates are estimated as 60% and 40%, respectively. A symptom is usually perceived subjectively by an affected person while staying invisible for others.

Not everybody notices fatigue because of its gradual onset. It is hard to compare the initial state of the body and the current feelings, particularly in elderly people. The individual may not know about his or her condition for ages before asking for medical help.
Fatigue Definition, Forms and Causes

Fatigue Forms

StressThe symptom may manifest itself in several forms or their combinations. Types of fatigue are classified according to its duration, severity, or sphere of influence. It varies from mild tiredness to extreme exhaustion with a general type of the disorder somewhere in the middle.

General Type

Overwork, lack of sleep and stress – either of these factors makes you feel fatigued normally. Deficiencies of energy are natural responses of the body to such circumstances. If you notice a minor illness, all you need is to recuperate at home and take your mind off the problems. This form of fatigue can be treated on your own and doesn’t require medical assistance.

The most frequent complaints from people having fatigue:

  • difficulties in starting any activity;
  • prompt fatigability while completing the daily chores;
  • problems with concentration, learning and memorization.

Usually, the general kind is caused by a regular cold or hard work and lasts no longer than 2 weeks. There is nothing surprising. The energy reserves are depleted and the body needs time for recovery.

Severe Form

In case some signs of more severe condition’s development appear, contact your doctor. An individual who suffers from this type of fatigue doesn’t feel rested after sleeping or relaxing. He or she feels tired starting in the morning, continuing at the afternoon, and not ending in the evening.

Symptoms of fatiguePossible symptoms the affected may experience:

  • dizziness;
  • body aches and headaches;
  • loss of appetite;
  • heart murmur;
  • sweating;
  • joint pain;
  • slow reflexes;
  • chills;
  • nausea;
  • poor vision.

Even the presence of one or two symptoms from the list above interferes with normal life. However, it is always hard to diagnose fatigue on your own because of a lot of non-specific signs which may be inherent to a variety of diseases. The best solution in cases of severe tiredness is to ask for medical help.

Extreme Fatigue

This kind of the condition is the most difficult for an affected person. An overwhelming fatigue may develop both gradually and suddenly, depending on a particular cause. Besides mentioned symptoms, an extreme type is also characterized by:

  • loss of consciousness;
  • near-syncope;
  • vertigo;
  • rapid or irregular heartbeat;
  • memory impairment or brain fog;
  • hallucinations.

If you are experiencing an extreme form of fatigue, immediately call the doctor or an emergency service. This condition may be life-threatening, especially if it occurs unexpectedly.

Chronic Type

DepressionChronic fatigue syndrome, or CFS, is a prolonged feeling of a permanent lethargy which doesn’t go away after a good rest. A distinguishing feature of CFS is no explanation of such a condition: the fatigue causes are barely determined and are not connected with a medical problem. The disorder is also called myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID).

There is no general consensus on what causes fatigue of this type. The majority of experts agree that in most cases there is a combination of psychological and physiological factors, including a weakened immune system, hormones’ issues, anxiety, viral and bacterial infection, depression, or genetic predisposition.

Scientists have undertaken many studies on the connection between various viruses (Epstein-Barr virus, rubella, Ross River virus, human herpesvirus 6), bacteria (Coxiella burnetii, mycoplasma) and CFS. None of those organisms were defined as an obvious cause of this disorder.

CFS is usually accompanied by a weakening of the immune system and hormone imbalance (for instance, low testosterone in men or low progesterone in women). This is unclear whether it is the cause or just a consequent phenomenon.

However, statistics show that women in their 40s and 50s are in a group of risk among the adult population. It allows making an assumption about some relation between menopause and CFS. Teenagers are the most vulnerable to the syndrome among children.

CFS is often confused with common chronic fatigue. This kind of symptom will be described hereinafter as the persistent type. The condition claiming the title “CFS” should last more than 6 months and be not solvable by bedrest. It is debilitating enough to interfere with normal life and doesn’t have any obvious causes.

InsomniaIn addition, a person affected by CFS suffers from at least four of the following symptoms:

  • problems with concentration;
  • loss of memory;
  • sleep disorders such as insomnia;
  • even too much sleep doesn’t bring relief;
  • unreasonable joint and muscle chronic pain;
  • headache;
  • a frequent sore throat;
  • swollen and painful lymph nodes.

Intense physical or mental activity often worsens the condition. CFS can manifest itself in cycles when the patient experiences remissions and relapses.

Mental Version

If you noticed:

  • reduced productivity;
  • difficulties with concentration and memorizing;
  • loss of motivation and interest in working and hobbies;
  • apathy;
  • boredom;
  • anxiety;
  • impaired judgment and indecisiveness;
  • mood swings;
  • sleepiness.

Mental fatigueFor other symptoms related more to your psychological condition than to physical, you have a mental version of fatigue. It affects a person’s cognitive activity and leads to poor job performance, inability to solve intellectual challenges, and worsening of learning abilities. The most dangerous feature of mental fatigue is its gradual onset. The person can’t objectively assess his or her condition before and after the symptom appeared.

In some cases, mental fatigue can influence physical activities and lower strength and endurance. Common signs are drowsiness, lethargy, and muscle weakness.

The best solution to the problem is to stop the mental activity and create a comfortable environment around. Nevertheless, suddenly occurring extreme forms of such fatigue accompanied by vertigo, impaired speech, blurred vision, or loss of consciousness require an immediate medical assistance.

Persistent Type

A chronic type of fatigue or CFS may be also referred to as a persistent type. Even though these conditions have much in common, CFS is considered to be less understood and a more difficult disorder than simple persistent fatigue. This symptom is often a consequence of underlying reasons: diseases, medications, or allergies which can be easily diagnosed. They mold fatigue as a natural phenomenon of body exhaustion.

Prolonged fatigue turns into CFS when it has a duration of 6 months or longer. The causes of this syndrome remain unknown, unlike persistent tiredness. The symptoms inherent particularly to this kind of fatigue have been described in detail in the corresponding subparagraph.

The signs of a persistent type may be different depending on its causes, and they are similar to general type’s characteristics. The only difference: a chronic fatigue lasts longer and requires a special treatment while the duration of a persistent type is between 1 and 6 months.

What Causes Fatigue?

TherapistFatigue is a symptom inherent to various medical conditions. Many drugs cause it as a side effect. Some physical and rare mental disorders also become a reason for fatigue emergence. That is why the patient should go through many examinations and tests before the initial issue in this particular case will be conclusively known. Everyone who feels fatigued needs to be aware of the most common causes of fatigue. It will simplify the diagnosis if you tell your doctor about your actions and feelings that preceded the condition.

Most Common Diseases

There are numerous answers to the question “What diseases cause fatigue?” The list of possible conditions related to fatigue consists of such categories:

  1. Metabolic and endocrine issues.

Metabolic disorders imply abnormal chemical reactions in the body and affect a human’s overall health. However, they usually remain undisclosed before the person starts to experience associated conditions which include fatigue. Problems with the endocrine system prevent normal hormone production and can cause significant changes in the body. In this category, there are the following causes of fatigue:

  • kidney and liver diseases;
  • diabetes and high blood sugar;
  • anemia;
  • hyperuricemia (abnormal secretion of uric acid and lactic acid);
  • electrolyte problems;
  • hypo- and hyperthyroidism (lack or abundance of thyroid cause fatigue);
  • Cushing’s disease.
  1. Inflammation.

Viral and bacterial infections are always caused by harmful microorganisms.

Viral and bacterial infections

Not all of infectious conditions cause fatigue, but it is a highly probable symptom of those:

  • hepatitis;
  • tuberculosis;
  • sexually transmitted diseases (STDs);
  • HPV (human papillomavirus);
  • hay fever;
  • BV (bacterial vaginosis);
  • malaria;
  • UTI (urinary tract infections);
  • chlamydia and gonorrhea (both are STD);
  • H.pylori infection;
  • influenza;
  • bladder infection;
  • mononucleosis.
  1. Cardiac and pulmonary disorders.

Being connected to the heart and lungs, those diseases may cause sudden extreme fatigue which can’t be ignored. Pay attention to such conditions:

  • congestive heart failure;
  • high blood pressure or low blood pressure;
  • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD);
  • asthma;
  • PVCS (premature ventricular contractions);
  • beta blockers related disorders;
  • pneumonia;
  • bronchitis;
  • mitral valve prolapse;
  • coronary artery disease;
  • arrhythmia;
  • atrial fibrillation (AFib).
  1. Allergies.

Seasonal allergy can also manifest itself in tiredness, drowsiness, and a melancholy mood. Also, be careful while you feel weak after eating – it can be a precursor to various food allergies. In this case, you should avoid products that make you feel bad. A spring allergy is an inevitable thing for some people. If you feel fatigued during this period, try to take special medicines for allergies and supplements which contain necessary vitamins and minerals for facilitating your health.

  1. Mental disorders.

Often fatigue can result from depression, anxiety, alcohol and drug abuse, grief, and so on. The treatment of mental conditions should be supported by the psychologist’s consultations.

  1. Sleep problems.

Sleep apneaIf a person doesn’t have a normal sleep for a long time, it will be translated into malaise. This process is natural when you give it up it by choice, but some people can’t sleep well due to such disorders and conditions as:

  • sleep apnea;
  • insomnia;
  • reflux esophagitis;
  • night shifts;
  • jet lag.

There are also other diseases and problems that can’t be included in the one category but are also able to cause fatigue:

  • cancer;
  • fibromyalgia;
  • endometriosis;
  • ulcers;
  • gastritis;
  • acid reflux;
  • obesity;
  • IBS (irritable bowel syndrome);
  • chronic pain;
  • deviated septum;
  • wisdom teeth growth or tooth decay;
  • inner ear problems.

Some of them give such side effects rarely. For instance, only several people reported about it while suffering from gastritis or endometriosis.

  1. Blood issues.

Changes in the blood content such as abnormal white blood cell count, deficiency of platelets, low ferritin, low oxygen, or high glucose are common companions of fatigue.

Rare Disorders Caused by Fatigue

PsoriasisRare autoimmune disorders like Celiac disease (gluten intolerance), chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, osteoarthritis, systemic lupus, and psoriasis can also cause persistent fatigue.

What Medications Cause Fatigue?

Many prescription and over-the-counter drugs have a fatigue side effect in their instructions. This happens due to neurotransmitters’ affection. Those chemicals are responsible for feelings of cheerfulness or sleepiness, but after taking certain medicines their normal functioning is violated.

Therefore, fatigue is caused by:

  • allergy medications or antihistamines: Vistaril, Atarax, Antivert, Bromfed, Dimetapp;
  • antidepressants: Elavil, Vanatrip, Silenor, Sinequan, Surmontil, Wellbutrin, Zoloft;
  • anxiety drugs: Lexapro, Xanax, Valium;
  • blood thinners: Warfarin, Coumadin;
  • antibiotics: Flagyl, doxycycline, Amoxicillin, Augmentin;
  • drugs for high cholesterol and high triglycerides: Crestor, Statins, Lipitor;
  • medications for Crohn’s disease: Humira;
  • sugar-lowering remedies: Metformin;
  • ulcerative colitis drugs: Prednisone;
  • cancer medications: methotrexate, Tamoxifen, arimidex;
  • high blood pressure drugs: lisinopril, metoprolol;
  • contraceptive products: mirena, Nuvaring;
  • muscle relaxants: Soma, Flexeril;
  • lactose intolerance drugs: Lactaid, SureLuc;
  • opioid pain medications: Percocet, Opana, Vicodin.

SmokingThis list is not full, so if you buy a medicine, read the information on the package before taking it. One of the possible side effects can be fatigue.

It is worth noting that fatigue may be caused by a deficiency of some essential elements. If your body lacks vitamin D and/or, iron or suffers from low potassium, low calcium, low sodium levels, and dehydration, do not wonder why you are feeling exhausted.

Similar conditions may appear due to smoking or even while quitting smoking. Another reason for weakness may be a caffeine overdose instead of good sleep. You should know that when coffee wears off, you will feel even more tired than you did before drinking it.

What Can Cause Fatigue Condition?

Lightheadedness

There is strong link between lightheadedness and fatigue. So, the response to the question “Can fatigue cause lightheadedness?” is obviously yes. Dizziness is a condition when a person doesn’t faint but feels unstable. Sometimes, it seems that you are losing the ground under your feet. It’s common to feel this way when you are tired or sleepy.

Nausea

Does fatigue cause nausea? It is not a common reaction in sleepiness but there are many people that experience both nausea and exhaustion at the same time. The main causes of such conditions are:

  • excessive alcohol or caffeine use;
  • junk food;
  • jet lag;
  • drug abuse;
  • use of particular medications with those side effects.

Panic Attacks

Panic attacksPanic attacks often accompany fatigue within depression, anxiety, stress, grief, and other psychologically uncomfortable medical conditions. Also, they can be related to nervous system problems.

Vertigo

The main difference of vertigo, if comparing it to lightheadedness, is that the first one appears while the affected person is staying still. The second may be perceived only in the process of movement. Vertigo is a feeling of spinning when you are not moving. Usually, it combines with fatigue when you have:

  • low blood sugar;
  • low blood pressure;
  • anemia;
  • migraines;
  • CFS;
  • BPPV (benign paroxysmal positional vertigo).

Do Smart Drugs Help for Fatigue?

Online pharmacyEven though there are medications for specific fatigue causes (such as levothyroxine), drugs such as Modafinil, Armodafinil, Provigil, and Artvigil are usually used for chronic fatigue treatment in general. Additionally, you can take probiotics and rhodiola which are the natural remedies for tiredness and lack of vital energy.

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